8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3

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  • 1. Pgs. 238-237 For Student Use Only
  • 2.
    • Ornithologist:
      • Scientist who studies birds
      • Study birds when most active at dawn
      • Need to be observant to study birds
        • Binoculars
        • Records
  • 3.
    • Need to watch many things:
      • How the bird acts
      • What the bird looks like
      • Patters or colors
      • Where and what does it feed on
        • Need to be specific so others can identify bird
  • 4.
    • Look for:
      • Crown
      • Nape
      • Mantle
      • Back
      • Rump
      • Tail Coverts
      • Tail feathers
      • Flank
    • Look for:
      • Belly
      • Breast
      • Wing Covers
      • Throat
      • Ear coverts
      • Chin
      • Bill
      • Forehead
  • 5.
    • Steps to Bird Identification:
      • 1.) Land or Water Bird
        • Land
          • Perching
          • Ground
          • Bird of Prey
        • Water
          • Wading
          • Swimming
  • 6.
    • Steps to Bird Identification:
      • 2.) Know habitats
        • Look in forests, by ponds, and brushy substances
  • 7.
    • Steps to Bird Identification:
      • 3.) Look at Nests
        • Different birds make different nests, look on the:
          • Land:
            • Trees
            • Ground
            • Shrubery
          • Shore:
            • Scrapes (scooped out ground)
            • Floating platforms
          • Birds use instincts to make nests
  • 8.
    • Steps to Bird Identification:
      • 4.) Body size and shape
        • Size is first to notice
          • Sparrow: 5 inches
          • Robin: 10 inches
          • Crow: 18 inches
          • Eagle: 30 inches
        • Shape is next
          • Fatter like robin or sparrow
          • Slender like Mockingbird
  • 9.
    • Steps to Bird Identification:
      • 5.) Bill Shapes
        • Herbivores: plant eating
          • Short stout beaks- seed eating
          • Crossing points- remove seeds
          • Long delicate beaks- nectar eating
          • Serrated beaks- cutting fruit
        • Carnivores: meat eating
          • Pouched bill- scooping and holding prey
          • Long, spearing beaks- get fish
          • Long, probing beaks- get crestaceans
          • Heavy bills- search for insects
          • Hinged jaw- catch insects