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8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3
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8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3

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    8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3 8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Pgs. 238-237 For Student Use Only
      • Ornithologist:
        • Scientist who studies birds
        • Study birds when most active at dawn
        • Need to be observant to study birds
          • Binoculars
          • Records
      • Need to watch many things:
        • How the bird acts
        • What the bird looks like
        • Patters or colors
        • Where and what does it feed on
          • Need to be specific so others can identify bird
      • Look for:
        • Crown
        • Nape
        • Mantle
        • Back
        • Rump
        • Tail Coverts
        • Tail feathers
        • Flank
      • Look for:
        • Belly
        • Breast
        • Wing Covers
        • Throat
        • Ear coverts
        • Chin
        • Bill
        • Forehead
      • Steps to Bird Identification:
        • 1.) Land or Water Bird
          • Land
            • Perching
            • Ground
            • Bird of Prey
          • Water
            • Wading
            • Swimming
      • Steps to Bird Identification:
        • 2.) Know habitats
          • Look in forests, by ponds, and brushy substances
      • Steps to Bird Identification:
        • 3.) Look at Nests
          • Different birds make different nests, look on the:
            • Land:
              • Trees
              • Ground
              • Shrubery
            • Shore:
              • Scrapes (scooped out ground)
              • Floating platforms
            • Birds use instincts to make nests
      • Steps to Bird Identification:
        • 4.) Body size and shape
          • Size is first to notice
            • Sparrow: 5 inches
            • Robin: 10 inches
            • Crow: 18 inches
            • Eagle: 30 inches
          • Shape is next
            • Fatter like robin or sparrow
            • Slender like Mockingbird
      • Steps to Bird Identification:
        • 5.) Bill Shapes
          • Herbivores: plant eating
            • Short stout beaks- seed eating
            • Crossing points- remove seeds
            • Long delicate beaks- nectar eating
            • Serrated beaks- cutting fruit
          • Carnivores: meat eating
            • Pouched bill- scooping and holding prey
            • Long, spearing beaks- get fish
            • Long, probing beaks- get crestaceans
            • Heavy bills- search for insects
            • Hinged jaw- catch insects