Pgs. 238-237 For Student Use Only
<ul><li>Ornithologist: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientist who studies birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study birds when most ...
<ul><li>Need to watch many things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How the bird acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What the bird looks ...
<ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mantle </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.) Land or Water Bird </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land </l...
<ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.) Know habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look in fores...
<ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.) Look at Nests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different bir...
<ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4.) Body size and shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size is...
<ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.) Bill Shapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbivores: pla...
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8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3

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8th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 3

  1. 1. Pgs. 238-237 For Student Use Only
  2. 2. <ul><li>Ornithologist: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientist who studies birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study birds when most active at dawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to be observant to study birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binoculars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Records </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Need to watch many things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How the bird acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What the bird looks like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patters or colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where and what does it feed on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to be specific so others can identify bird </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mantle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rump </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tail Coverts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tail feathers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Look for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wing Covers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ear coverts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forehead </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.) Land or Water Bird </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perching </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bird of Prey </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wading </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.) Know habitats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look in forests, by ponds, and brushy substances </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.) Look at Nests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different birds make different nests, look on the: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shrubery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shore: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scrapes (scooped out ground) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floating platforms </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birds use instincts to make nests </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4.) Body size and shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size is first to notice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sparrow: 5 inches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Robin: 10 inches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crow: 18 inches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eagle: 30 inches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shape is next </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fatter like robin or sparrow </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slender like Mockingbird </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Steps to Bird Identification: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.) Bill Shapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herbivores: plant eating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short stout beaks- seed eating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crossing points- remove seeds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long delicate beaks- nectar eating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serrated beaks- cutting fruit </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carnivores: meat eating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pouched bill- scooping and holding prey </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long, spearing beaks- get fish </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long, probing beaks- get crestaceans </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy bills- search for insects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hinged jaw- catch insects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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