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7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4
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7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4

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7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4 7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Pgs. 44-54 For Student Use Only
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Plants:
      • Angiosperms- Flowering Plants- produce covered seeds
      • Gymnosperms- Non-Flowering Plants- produce uncovered seeds
    • Flowering Plants are classified into families by their flowers and fruits
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Composite Family:
      • The largest family of flowering plants
      • Head- many small flowers grouped together
      • Disk Flowers- Tubular, closely packed flowers; have both a pistil and stamen
      • Ray Flowers- showy, petal-like flowers; have a pistillate or are neutral
        • EX. Aster, Daisies, Oxeye Daisy, Black-Eyed Susan, Sunflower
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Composite Family:
      • Goldenrod- dense clustered flowers
      • Ragweed- can cause allergic reactions in many people
    • More Examples:
      • Bull Thistle, dandelion, or ironwood
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Pea Family:
      • Secondest Largest Family
        • Has a pod that splits along two sides
        • Called legumes
        • Legumes- help restore Nitrogen to the soil in the Nitrogen Cycle
      • Ex. Sweet Pea, Locust Tree, Wisteria Tree, Clover
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Rose Family:
      • Has 5 white, pink, or rose-colored petals
      • Has cup-shaped blossoms
      • Has woody stems and fleshy fruits
      • Flower parts in multiples of 5
    • Ex. Pear, apple, strawberry, blackberry, raspberry, etc.
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Buttercup Family:
      • 5 rounded petals forming cup-shaped blossoms
      • Has non-woody stems and dry fruits
      • Leaves are deeply divided in 3 sections
      • Crowfoot Family- called this because of leaf shape
      • Many buttercups are poisonous to humans and cattle
    • Ex. Common buttercup, peony, larkspur
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Mint Family:
      • The stems are square and stout
      • Has a characteristic odor
    • Ex. Basil, sage, thyme, peppermint, spearmint
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Honeysuckle Family:
      • Has trumpet-shaped flowers
      • Flowers are replaced by berries
      • Leaves grow opposite of each other
    • Examples: Japanese Honeysuckle, Trumpet, Coral, Viburnums
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Parsley Family:
      • Umbels- an arrangment of flower in awhih stems of nearly equal length emerge from a common point on the main stem
      • Found around the world
      • Can eat stalks, roots, leaves, or stems or use for cooking or medicine
    • Examples: Parsley, Queen Anne’s Lace, Dill, Coriander
  • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
    • Milkweed Family:
      • Flowers are arranged in umbels
      • Has 5 nectar horns- flowers have hoods and crests
      • Pods split open along one side
      • Monarch butterflies live here
    • Examples: butterfly weed, string of hearts, wax-plant