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7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4
 

7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4

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    7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4 7th Grade Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Pgs. 44-54 For Student Use Only
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Plants:
        • Angiosperms- Flowering Plants- produce covered seeds
        • Gymnosperms- Non-Flowering Plants- produce uncovered seeds
      • Flowering Plants are classified into families by their flowers and fruits
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Composite Family:
        • The largest family of flowering plants
        • Head- many small flowers grouped together
        • Disk Flowers- Tubular, closely packed flowers; have both a pistil and stamen
        • Ray Flowers- showy, petal-like flowers; have a pistillate or are neutral
          • EX. Aster, Daisies, Oxeye Daisy, Black-Eyed Susan, Sunflower
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Composite Family:
        • Goldenrod- dense clustered flowers
        • Ragweed- can cause allergic reactions in many people
      • More Examples:
        • Bull Thistle, dandelion, or ironwood
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Pea Family:
        • Secondest Largest Family
          • Has a pod that splits along two sides
          • Called legumes
          • Legumes- help restore Nitrogen to the soil in the Nitrogen Cycle
        • Ex. Sweet Pea, Locust Tree, Wisteria Tree, Clover
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Rose Family:
        • Has 5 white, pink, or rose-colored petals
        • Has cup-shaped blossoms
        • Has woody stems and fleshy fruits
        • Flower parts in multiples of 5
      • Ex. Pear, apple, strawberry, blackberry, raspberry, etc.
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Buttercup Family:
        • 5 rounded petals forming cup-shaped blossoms
        • Has non-woody stems and dry fruits
        • Leaves are deeply divided in 3 sections
        • Crowfoot Family- called this because of leaf shape
        • Many buttercups are poisonous to humans and cattle
      • Ex. Common buttercup, peony, larkspur
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Mint Family:
        • The stems are square and stout
        • Has a characteristic odor
      • Ex. Basil, sage, thyme, peppermint, spearmint
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Honeysuckle Family:
        • Has trumpet-shaped flowers
        • Flowers are replaced by berries
        • Leaves grow opposite of each other
      • Examples: Japanese Honeysuckle, Trumpet, Coral, Viburnums
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Parsley Family:
        • Umbels- an arrangment of flower in awhih stems of nearly equal length emerge from a common point on the main stem
        • Found around the world
        • Can eat stalks, roots, leaves, or stems or use for cooking or medicine
      • Examples: Parsley, Queen Anne’s Lace, Dill, Coriander
    • Flowers of Meadow and Garden
      • Milkweed Family:
        • Flowers are arranged in umbels
        • Has 5 nectar horns- flowers have hoods and crests
        • Pods split open along one side
        • Monarch butterflies live here
      • Examples: butterfly weed, string of hearts, wax-plant