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  • 1. BIOCHEMISTRY vocab
  • 2. DNA stands for
  • 3. Sperm + ________ yields fetus.
  • 4. A bond formed by the SHARING of electrons.
  • 5. A bond formed by the by the transfer of electrons to create a POSITIVE and NEGATIVE ION.
  • 6. THIS IS NOT really a bond, but a force of attraction betweeen water molecules.
  • 7. The last kind of bond we mentioned is the bond that hooks AA to AA to AA to AA.
  • 8. A reaction which gives off energy.
  • 9. A reaction which takes in energy.
  • 10. An example of a reaction that is exothermic is….
  • 11. An example of a reaction that is endothermic is….
  • 12. A biological catalyst is really called an _____________
  • 13. Enzymes SPEED UP reactions by lowering _____________
  • 14. Enzymes names in biology end in _____________
  • 15. The sides of the DNA “ladder” are made of ________ and _________
  • 16. The rungs of the DNA “ladder” are made of _________ ______
  • 17. Carbohydrates are made of ____ , _____ , and ________
  • 18. Fats are made of ____ , _____ , and ________
  • 19. Protein are made of ____ , _____ , and ________ and ____
  • 20. Monomers are a ______ unit
  • 21. polymers are ____________
  • 22. Proteins are polymers made of _________ ________ hooked together to make LONG chains.
  • 23. What causes proteins to fold over on themselves to make weird shapes?
  • 24. Why are these “weird shapes” of proteins and enzymes important?
  • 25. Ions are formed by the gain or loss of _______________
  • 26. If you attach RIBOSE (the sugar) to a PHOSPHATE and A it makes a ___________
  • 27. If you attach RIBOSE (the sugar) to a PHOSPHATE and G it makes a ___________
  • 28. If you attach RIBOSE (the sugar) to a PHOSPHATE and T it makes a ___________
  • 29. If you attach RIBOSE (the sugar) to a PHOSPHATE and C it makes a ___________
  • 30. DEHYDRATION SYNTHESIS _______________ water from two monosaccharides to make a disaccharide
  • 31. _____________ is the splitting of a water molecule which allows disaccharides to break apart.
  • 32. What makes polymers?? Dehydration synthesis? Or Hydrolysis?
  • 33. Glucose is a _______ monosaccharide or disaccharide?
  • 34. Hook glucose to fructose and you have a ____________