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Precision Timing and Navigation - CDE themed call launch 23 April 2013

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Presentations from CDE themed call launch event on 23 April 2013 - for full details of this call see: http://www.science.mod.uk/events/event_detail.aspx?eventid=201

Presentations from CDE themed call launch event on 23 April 2013 - for full details of this call see: http://www.science.mod.uk/events/event_detail.aspx?eventid=201

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  • 1. Precision Timing andNavigationCentre for Defence Enterprise (CDE)
  • 2. Rapid technological change
  • 3. © Crown Copyright MOD 2011The aim of CDE
  • 4. © Crown Copyright MOD 2011Prove the value of novel, high-risk,high-potential-benefit research
  • 5. © Crown Copyright MOD 2011To enable development of cost-effective military capability advantage
  • 6. 26 April 2013Five key operating principlesunderpin the CDE model
  • 7. Engaging innovators
  • 8. 26 April 2013Accessible opportunity
  • 9. Sustaining incentives
  • 10. Minimising participation costs
  • 11. Compliance
  • 12. Intellectual property
  • 13. Two routes to funding
  • 14. Online bid submission
  • 15. Themed calls
  • 16. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceCrown Copyright (c) 2012Centre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukUNCLASSIFIED / FOR PUBLIC RELEASECDE themed call programmeThe challenges of countering terroristnetworksCall closes 1 May 2013(at 1700 hrs)Precision timing Call closes 6 Jun 2013(at 1700 hrs)Countering insider threat attacks Call launch 14 May 2013Secure communications Call launch 18 June 2013Innovation in drug developmentprocessesCall launch 25 June 2013Enhancing military medical trainingand support for the medicCall launch 16 July 2013Register and further details at www.science.mod.uk under ‘Events and Calls’
  • 17. Defence Open Call
  • 18. Seeking the exceptional
  • 19. Challenging conventions
  • 20. 4334proposals received
  • 21. 16%proposals funded
  • 22. £39Mcontracts awarded
  • 23. Making an impact
  • 24. Exemplar project
  • 25. Novel fibres for CBR protection
  • 26. ‘Micro generators’
  • 27. © Crown Copyright MOD 2011Effective proposals
  • 28. Challenge, pace & exploitation
  • 29. The future of CDE
  • 30. Network and question
  • 31. Centre for Defence Enterprise01235 438445cde@dstl.gov.ukwww.science.mod.uk/enterprise
  • 32. PRECISION TIMING ANDNAVIGATIONCDE themed callDSTL reference: DSTL/PUB72247 V1 draft BUNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE© Crown copyright 2012 Dstl26 April 2013
  • 33. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Content• Overview• What we are looking for under this call• What we are not looking for• Potential exploitation routes – without commitment• Concluding remarksCrown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 68of 16
  • 34. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Futures & Innovation Programmes26 April 2013© Crown copyright 2012 DstlScience&TechnologyFuturesStrategicEngagementKnowledgeExploitation& Innovation
  • 35. DSTL/PUB72247 V1S&T Futures ProgrammeInterventionstudies(CFD,FutureLandscape,...)Industry, IRC,FutureWorlds™© Crown Copyright Dstl 2013
  • 36. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Overview• Potential to enhance existing, or enable new, defencecapabilities• We require:• to demonstrate innovative use of existing technologies toachieve military benefit• significant advances in technology• to lay the foundations for longer term breakthroughs whichmight realise disruptive military capabilities.Crown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 71of 16
  • 37. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Challenge 1: Rapidly exploitable andinnovative use of existing technologies• New ways to exploit current devices and systems inorder to achieve a significant increase in capability.• Consideration of how to overcome any barriers toimplementation (such as cost or supportinginfrastructure).• We encourage leveraging tools and techniques fromother fields and industries.Crown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 72of 16
  • 38. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Challenge 2: Step changes in technologies thatcould be exploited over a medium timescale• Understand how limitations in size, weight and powermight be mitigated while achieving enhanced precision.• Technologies and techniques that may be leveragedcould include:– trapped atom / ion-based microwave clocks as an interim to alloptical atomic clocks– novel laser sources (and fibres)– miniature vacuum pumps– novel frequency sources / local oscillatorsCrown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 73of 16
  • 39. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Challenge 3: Foundations for longer-termbreakthroughs• Proposals for theoretical analyses or demonstrations ofbasic physics welcomed provided novel and a ‘steppingstone’ towards eventual defence and security application.• Understand how an emerging technology could eventuallybe harnessed for military or security applications in thelonger term. Design concepts on the cusp of the possibleare sought.Crown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 74of 16
  • 40. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Summary (challenges 1 to 3)• For challenge 1 affordability and exploitation will heavilyinfluence the uptake of the technology; bidders are asked tothink about how offerings might be designed (from an earlystage) for manufacture (and / or high-volume production).• For challenge 2 the key driver is enhanced precision over thecurrent state of the art.• For challenge 3 the key driver is exploring the art of the possiblewith respect to future defence and security needs.NB For all challenges size, weight and power (SWaP) is a key driver.Crown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 75of 16
  • 41. DSTL/PUB72247 V1What we are not looking for• Marginal improvements• Solutions that offer no significant defence and security benefit• Technology watch / horizon scanning• Roadmaps or technology prediction (these will be addressedelsewhere)• Stellar navigation• Terrain referenced navigation• GNSS / GPS antenna arrays• Optical / radar parameter flow navigation• Data fusion across networks and / or platformsCrown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 76of 16
  • 42. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Potential exploitation routes• Five Domains with particular initial exploitation routes:o Lando Maritimeo Air and weaponso C4ISRo Counter Terrorism• Other Government Departments• Research CouncilsCrown Copyright Dstl 2013UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASEPage 77of 16
  • 43. DSTL/PUB72247 V1LandImage Contains public sector information licensed under the OpenGovernment Licence v1.0Crown Copyright Dstl 2013Challenges include:• lower-cost devices with improvedperformance characteristics• upgrade of legacy equipmentPotential applications:• synchronisation of man packjammers (and other radiatingequipment including unattendedsensors)• navigation within buildings and urbanenvironments• improved utilisation of bandwidth• network synchronisation (ability torapidly hop on / hop off the network)• flexible networks (switch on / switchoff nodes quickly – uplinks anddownlinks)UNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
  • 44. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Air and weaponsImage Contains public sector information licensed under the OpenGovernment Licence v1.0Crown Copyright Dstl 2013Challenges include• technology that can be exploited across the whole portfolio of pipeline weapons• to optimise the miniature atomic clock design to be robust across all weaponenvironments• integrated precision navigation and timing device with favourable SWaP characteristics;for long-range missions (eg 300km) in absence of GNSSPotential applications:• protecting unencrypted radio frequencydata• faster acquisition of high-accuracy timingand navigation and communication signalsin the field• weapon data links, eg supporting commonanti-air modular missile (CAMM)• synchronisation and navigation for FutureLong Range Cruise Missile (FLRCM ) andCompact weapons• enhanced targetingUNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
  • 45. DSTL/PUB72247 V1C4ISRImage Contains public sector information licensed under the OpenGovernment Licence v1.0Crown Copyright Dstl 2013Challenges include:• integration on platforms where SWaP isan issue:– micro-satellites, high-altitude long-endurance (HALE), medium-altitudelong-endurance (MALE)– micro, mini, tactical unmanned airsystemsPotential applications:• synchronising disparate sources (includingat long ranges)• protecting unencrypted radio frequencydata• inter-platform time and frequency transfer• improved control of unmanned air vehiclesand sensor payload• de-confliction of electromagneticenvironment (enhanced interoperablesystems)• operating in GNSS (GPS) denied /degraded environments• operating in harsh electromagneticenvironmentsUNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
  • 46. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Counter TerrorismImage Contains public sector information licensed under the OpenGovernment Licence v1.0Crown Copyright Dstl 2013Challenges:• lower-cost devices with improvedperformance characteristics• safe, secure, resilient and robustsystems (perhaps including built inredundancy)Potential applications:• remotely operated platforms, remotesensor and bomb disposal systems(deployed on unmanned ground and airvehicles)• operating in harsh electromagneticenvironments where intentionalelectromagnetic interference may bepresent• improved cyber security / denial of systemsto unauthorized users• operating in GNSS-denied/degradedenvironmentsUNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
  • 47. DSTL/PUB72247 V1MaritimeImage Contains public sector information licensed under the OpenGovernment Licence v1.0Crown Copyright Dstl 2013Challenges include:• lower-cost devices with improvedperformance characteristics• upgrade of legacy equipment and newdevelopments• precision synchronisation (intra andextra platform)• long-duration underwater navigationPotential applications –underwater:• synchronisation of sonar arrays• improved reliability underwatercommunications• enhanced sonar source localisation• improved control of unmanned underwatervehiclesPotential applications –above water:• enhanced geo-location / direction finding• precision geo-location of hostile radioemitters for electronic warfare• enhanced electronic countermeasures• synchronisation of communications andsensor suites• enhanced interoperable systems, eg lesschance of self interferenceUNCLASSIFIED – FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
  • 48. DSTL/PUB72247 V1Other Exploitation Routes• Research Council– Prospect for £2m Programme with Academia to start 2014/15– Global Uncertainties• Other Government Departments– Participating in assessment of proposalsCrown Copyright Dstl 2013
  • 49. Centre for Defence EnterprisePrecise Timing and Navigation – 23 Apr 2013GPS Roadmap for the MODDefence Equipment & Support - Air Platform Systems PT
  • 50. Global Positioning System – Apr 2013L21227.6 MHzL11575.42 MHzP(Y)-CodeC/A-CodeP(Y)-Code• GPS is MOD’s de-facto source of position, velocity and time information.• GPS use is widespread:• Navigation, targeting, guidance, situational awareness, search and rescue, andsynchronisation for communication systems.• Higher level Defence functions (C4ISR) are fundamentally dependent upon GPS.• MOD policy requires use of PPS (Military) GPS on operations.Description:24+ satellitesMedium Earth OrbitOrbiting once every 12 hoursServices:Standard Positioning Service (Civilian) – C/A CodePrecise Positioning Service (Military) – P(Y) Code
  • 51. PerformanceSpace, Weightand PowerCostQuantitiesTrends for GPS Use in Military ApplicationsGPS - SPS4 elementSAS – TRL 8UBX-G5010FORETREX 201Defence AdvancedGPS RxGPS Receiver ApplicationModule Standard ElectronicModule type EGRAM SEM-EGroundBased-GPSReceiverApplicationModuleGB-GRAMSpectrum of Defence usersHighLowReceivertypeLarge Application Type SmallIllustrativeexamplesoftechnologyGPS - PPSPolicycompliance
  • 52. Comparison of GPS CharacteristicsPPS Military receivers: Foundational level of resilienceto jamming Known functionality inoperational environmentsL Relatively high space and weightL Relatively high powerconsumptionL Crypto overheadsL Long procurement lead-timesSPS Civilian receivers:L Very little resilience to jammingL Unknown functionality inoperational environments Relatively low space and weight Relatively low powerconsumption No crypto overheads Short procurement lead-times
  • 53. 26 April 2013GPS – Vulnerability to JammingSatellite to GPS Receiver: ~11,000 NMSatellite Power: nominallytens of WattsJammer Power:milliWatts to tens of kiloWattsJammer (on thehorizon) to the GPSReceiver: ~20 NMGPS Signal At the GPS Receiver -0.0000000000000001 Watt
  • 54. The Threat (Off the internet)
  • 55. 26 April 2013Anti-jam Antenna SystemsGAS1 – TRL 9CRPA - TRLDACU - TRLDACU - TRL4 elementMini GAS – TRL 32 elementMini GAS – TRL 3CRPA – TRL 97 elementADAP – TRL 94 elementDACU7-6000TRL 9TRL 7/8IllustrativeexamplesoftechnologyPerformanceSpace, Weightand PowerCostSpectrum of Defence usersHighLowLarge Application Type Small
  • 56. Open SignalGNSSAnti-Jam Resilience – Schematic DiagramCivilianGPSNavigationProcessorAntennaControlUnit(ACU)InertialMeasurementUnitMultiElementAntenna(CRPA)PositionVelocityTimeClocksMilitaryGPSReceiver (?)LK
  • 57. Anticipated Future Receiver Characteristic ReqsPPS Military receivers provide: Foundational level ofresilience to jamming Known functionality inoperational environmentsL Relatively high space and weightL Relatively high powerconsumptionL Crypto overheadsL Long procurement timesSPS Civilian receivers provide:L Little resilience to jammingL Unknown functionality inoperational environments Relatively low space and weight Relatively low powerconsumption No crypto overheads Short procurement timesFor wide-ranging space, weight and power limited applications:Tactical situational awareness, communications systems,unmanned vehicles, smart munitions, etc
  • 58. The Robust - Global Navigation System• Assessment Phase (24-month duration)– Technology survey– De-risk technologies for most likely technical solutions– Capability exploitation study– Operational Analysis– System requirements definition– Capability based competition (autumn ‘14, subject to fundingavailability) to advise a Business Case for Demonstration andManufactureMOD equipment projects (especially those facing space, weightand lower limitations) need an acceptable alternative to highlyvulnerable commercial off the shelf civilian GPS receivers.Without CommitmentWithout Commitment
  • 59. Crown Copyright (c) 2012Centre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukUNCLASSIFIED / FOR PUBLIC RELEASECentre for Defence EnterpriseSubmitting a Successful ProposalCentre for Defence Enterprise (CDE)
  • 60. Maximising your chances
  • 61. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012Know what is available
  • 62. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012Know what is available
  • 63. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012Read availableinformationIncluding CDEmanualsEspecially Quick StartGuideKnow what is available
  • 64. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012Developing a CDE proposal
  • 65. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceValue from technologyInnovativeconceptFuturecapabilityProof ofconcept Incremental development
  • 66. The essentials
  • 67. Abstract
  • 68. minsAssessment
  • 69. Not an exam
  • 70. MOD Performance Assessment FrameworkFive criteria:Operational relevanceLikelihood of exploitationBuilds critical S&T capability to meet UKneedsScientific quality/innovationScience, innovation and technology risk
  • 71. Commercial section
  • 72. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012Government-furnished X
  • 73. Health and safety
  • 74. Ethics
  • 75. Unclassified
  • 76. Crown Copyright (c) 2012Centre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukUNCLASSIFIED / FOR PUBLIC RELEASEProposal health check
  • 77. Claim of future benefit
  • 78. Contribution to future benefit
  • 79. Logical programme of work
  • 80. Generation of evidence
  • 81. Demonstration of progress
  • 82. Crown Copyright (c) 2012Centre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukUNCLASSIFIED / FOR PUBLIC RELEASEBased on a claim of future benefitContribution to realisation of future benefitLogical programme of workEvidential outcomesDemonstration of progress towards goalHealth check
  • 83. Early birds
  • 84. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012This call closes:17:00 hrs onThursday 6 June 2013Deadline
  • 85. Crown Copyright (c) 2012Centre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukUNCLASSIFIED / FOR PUBLIC RELEASECentre for Defence Enterprise01235 438445cde@dstl.gov.ukwww.science.mod.uk/enterpriseCall process queries
  • 86. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012dstlf&idomain@dstl.gov.ukCall technical queries
  • 87. Dstl is part of theMinistry of DefenceUNCLASSIFIED / For Public ReleaseCentre for Defence Enterprisewww.science.mod.uk/enterprise cde@dstl.gov.ukCrown Copyright Dstl 2012www.science.mod.ukEvents and Calls > Current callsfor proposals > Precision TimingFurther information

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