22 July 2014: CDE enduring challenge briefings

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CDE enduring challenge competition presentation from 22 July 2014 Innovation Network event in London

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22 July 2014: CDE enduring challenge briefings

  1. 1. Centre Defence Enterprise for
  2. 2. Enduring competition Perpetual Radical £3M per year
  3. 3. Enduring competition Challenges Enduring 9 framework
  4. 4. Framework Protection Lethality Human performance Mobility Lower cost of ownership
  5. 5. Framework Situational awareness Communication Data Power
  6. 6. Military context © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE Source: MoD
  7. 7. Scope • Defence: ends, ways and means – ends: mission – ways: Future Force 2020 – means: force levels • Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) protection requirement – threat – policy • Reminder of CDE enduring challenge categories • Current capabilities and challenges 1-5 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  8. 8. Defence’s mission ‘the ends’: To protect our country and guarantee its security and independence Source: Defence: ends, ways and means
  9. 9. Defence: ways and means Homeland defence Force projection Defence engagement © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE Source: MOD Ways • Post Afghanistan  contingency • Budget c. £36Bn pa • Eqpt budget c. £112Bn (10 yr) Means • Navy c.30k • Army c.82k + 30k Resv • RAF c.33k
  10. 10. CBR(N) protection requirement Threat Policy Finance ££££ Defence Review 2015 Defence Strategic Direction 13 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 CBRN protection plan Source: BBC.co.uk OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  11. 11. © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 CBR protection requirement (threat) State Threat Lone Wolf Threat Industrial Threat Terrorist Threat Source: Open source OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  12. 12. CBR protection requirement (threat - 2) Nervous system • Nerve agents • Toxins Lung • Sulphur mustard • Phosgene • Toxic industrial chemicals Skin • Sulphur mustard • Nitrogen mustard • Toxic industrial chemicals Multiple targets • Ionising radiation • Biological © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE Source: Open source
  13. 13. • Hazard area • ‘Detect to treat’ CBR protection requirement (threat - 3) © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 Source: Open source OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  14. 14. CBRN protection requirement (policy) Prevention of Supply ProtectionElimination Arms Control Disablement Deterrence Cooperative Non-cooperative UK CBRN protection policy: armed forces should be able to ‘survive and operate’ in all CBRN environments © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  15. 15. CBRN protection requirement (policy - 2) Decision makers Inform Medical CM Environmental sense Medical sense Non-CBR surveillance Protective measures Physical protection Hazard manage- ment Sense Knowledge manage- ment © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  16. 16. CDE enduring challenge categories © Crown copyright 2013 Dstl 23 July 2014 1. Protection (personnel, platforms, facilities) 2. Situational awareness (sensors, precision navigation and timing, reduced GPS dependability, persistent surveillance) 3. Power (provision/sources, non-fossil, hybrid, management, fuel efficiency) 4. Communications (secure, unsecure, mobile, novel forms) 5. Data (cyber, information, big data, management and processing, sense- making, visualisation, delivery, interoperability) 6. Lethality (weapons – conventional, novel, directed energy, defence, less- than-lethal) 7. Mobility (platforms [air, land, sea, space, human], means of propulsion) 8. Human performance (physical and mental, systems interface, survivability, sustainment, training, medical) 9. Lower cost of ownership (platforms, equipment, facilities) OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  17. 17. Capability - 1 Deposited hazard Vapour Aerosol Airborne hazard Liquid/solid Sense © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership Source: MOD
  18. 18. Knowledge manage- ment Networked BRACIS (IOC Oct 13) Capability -2 RFI Advice CBRN reachback (IOC Jan 14) © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership Source: MOD
  19. 19. Medical CM Capability - 3 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership Source: MOD
  20. 20. Physical protection Capability - 4 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership Source: MOD
  21. 21. Hazard management Capability - 5 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership Source: MOD
  22. 22. • Way forward? – a variety of projects are underway to improve our capability – there is a plan – some funding has been allocated Capability - 6 © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE
  23. 23. Summary • Defence Reform – Future Force 2020 • Evolving threat – state and non-state • Policy challenges – bio: ‘detect to treat’ – ‘survive and operate in all CBRN environments’ is difficult • CBRN protection capabilities are beginning to get the investment they need © Crown copyright 2014 Dstl 23 July 2014 OFFICIAL OPEN SOURCE 1. Protection 2. Situational Awareness 3. Power 4. Communications 5. Data 6. Lethality 7. Mobility 8. Human performance 9. Lower cost of ownership
  24. 24. Chemical, Biological and Radiological Science and Technology Programme
  25. 25. UNCLASSIFIED Strategic context NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY: RISKS Tier 1 : International terrorism including the use of CBRN materials Tier 2 : Attack on the UK or its Territories by a state or proxy using CBRN weapons SDSR: NATIONAL SECURITY TASKS & PLANNING GUIDELINES: We will .. tackle those who threaten the UK & our interests, including maintenance of underpinning technical expertise in key areas. To deliver this we require … retention of our CBRN science and technology capabilities that contribute to counter-proliferation and our response to the potential use of such materials by terrorist or state actors 23 July 2014
  26. 26. UNCLASSIFIED National Security Through Technology 23 July 2014 • ... ensure small and medium sized companies can continue to deliver the innovation and flexibility we need. • Building on the Centre for Defence Enterprise’s (CDE) success in providing efficient access to innovation, we will broaden its remit to cover both the defence and security domains. • …the most significant challenges currently faced by both the defence and security communities…where we judge the UK will get best value-for-money from science & technology: – being able to identify and effectively mitigate CBRN threats to the UK and its interests
  27. 27. UNCLASSIFIED Defence AND Security • CONTEST & UK Biological Security Strategy (Home Office) • National Counter Proliferation Strategy (FCO) • National Risk Assessment (CO) 23 July 2014
  28. 28. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014 The CBW spectrum illustrates the range of materials that could be used as CBW agents Toxic industrial chemicals (TICS) Major CW agents Emerging CW agents Mid spectrum agents BW agents HCN Phosgene chlorine ammonia vesicants nerve agents psycho- chemicals developments from pharmaceutical & pesticide research (Moscow theatre) toxins bioregulators bacteria rickettsia viruses increasing potency (up to~1012) synthetic chemicals self-replicating agents of biological origin
  29. 29. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  30. 30. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  31. 31. UNCLASSIFIED Programme vision Through the contribution of S&T • CBR weapons/materials will have no strategic or tactical effect • Perpetrators will be identified • Restraint is rewarded and acceptable norms are reinforced 23 July 201423 July 2014
  32. 32. UNCLASSIFIED Breadth of activities Proof of concept S2O Innovation Supporting policy Tech transfer T&E 23 July 2014
  33. 33. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  34. 34. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  35. 35. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  36. 36. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014 Bio MedCM? Chem MedCM?
  37. 37. UNCLASSIFIED Future Medical Countermeasures • Broad spectrum Anti-bacterials – CDE Themed Call – June 2013 ……..Antimicrobial resistance? • Common points for intervention • Innate Immunology – CDE Themed Call – June 2014 23 July 2014
  38. 38. UNCLASSIFIED ……Antimicrobial resistance © Crown 23 July 2014
  39. 39. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  40. 40. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  41. 41. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  42. 42. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014
  43. 43. UNCLASSIFIED 23 July 2014

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