Torger Reve: From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs
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Torger Reve: From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chairs: Torger Reve & Christian Ketels
    Harvard Business School, Dec 12, 2010
    WelcometoMOC Network Cluster Research Workshop
  • 2. Program
     9.00 – 12.00: Cluster research
    TorgerReve; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway:“From industrial clusters to global knowledge hubs”
    Amir Sasson; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway:“Measuring global knowledge hub attractiveness”
    Adrian T.H. Kuah & Eleanor Doyle; Nottingham Business School, UK: “Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Economic Nations”
    Philippe Gugler & Xavier Tinguely; University of Fribourg, Switzerland:“Clusters and the Geography of innovation in a Globalized Economy: Evidence from patent data in Switzerland”
    Franz Toedtling; Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria:“Knowledge Sourcing and innovation in Austrian ICT companies: Does geography matter?”
    Scott Stern, MIT, MA; Mercedes Delgado, Temple University, PA :“Clusters and Entrepreneurship”
    12.00 – 13.00: Lunch
    Individual at Spangler on the HBS campus
  • 3. Program (after lunch)
     13.00 – 14.00: Guest lecture
    Format: 30min presentation followed by discussion of paper and linkages between MOC research and other lines of cluster research
    Juan Alcacer, Harvard Business School
     
    14.00 – 16.00: Cluster policy research
    Format: 15min presentation plus 10 min discussion per paper; 20 min break after paper 8
    Burke Murphy & Lee W. Munnich; University of Minnesota, USA:“Minnesota’s Workforce Investment and Competitiveness Strategy”
    Matthias Kiese; University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Switzerland: “A European Proposal for Comparative Cluster Policy Research”
    RunolfSmariSteinthorsson, University of Iceland, Iceland: “Iceland - In Search of a Path for Competitiveness”
    Christian Ketels, Harvard Business School:“European Cluster Policy: An Update”
    16.00 – 17.00: Discussion – Joint research opportunities in the MOC network
    Moderated by TorgerReve and Christian Ketels
  • 4. Download presentations at link given in e-mail (slidehare)slideshare.net/MOC2010
  • 5. From Industrial Clusters to Global Knowledge Hubs
    Professor Torger Reve
    BI Norwegian School of Management
    MOC Network Cluster Research Workshop
    Harvard Business School, Dec 12, 2010
  • 6. A Global Race for Attractiveness
    Nations and city regions compete to be the most attractive locations for knowledge intensive industries
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. Introducing the third large scale Norwegian cluster research project
  • 10. 1991
  • 11. 2001
  • 12. A knowledge based Norway
    Torger Reve
    Amir Sasson
    Erik W. Jakobsen
    Leo Grunfeld
     
    2011
  • 13. A knowledge based Norway
    Budget $ 3 mill (2009-2011)
    How to make Norway an attractive location for knowledge based industries (when North Sea oil and gas revenues decline)
     
  • 14. A knowledge based Norway
    A Norwegian agenda setting research project studying 13 cluster industries and developing new knowledge based cluster policies
     
  • 15. A study of 13 Norwegian cluster industries
    Oil & gas and offshore industry
    Maritime industry
    Fisheries and aquaculture
    Metals and materials
    Banking and finance
    Telecom & media
    IT & software
    Renewable energy
    Healthcare, medtech & biotech
    Tourism
    Retailing
    Knowledge-based services
    Construction & real estate
  • 16. Research project sponsors
    Confederation of Norwegian Enterprises (NHO)
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO)
    Ministry of Trade and Industry (NHD)
    Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (OED)
    Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs (FKD)
    Ministry of Education and Research (KD)
    Ministry of Environment (MD)
    Finance Norway (FNO)
    Norwegian Shipowners Association (NR)
    Federation of Norwegian Commercial and Service Enterprises (HSH)
    Innovation Norway (Invanor)
    Research Council of Norway (RCN)
    Norwegian Industrial Development Corporation (SIVA)
    Norwegian Knowledge Based Industries (Abelia)
    Federation of Norwegian Industries
    Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF)
    Building and construction industry
  • 17. Premise: Future corporations
    Knowledge based
    Customer driven
    Climate robust
    Global
  • 18. A Shift in Paradigm is Required
    Business as Manufacturing
    Business as Industrial Clusters
    Business as Global Knowledge Hubs
  • 19. Feedback
    Business as Manufacturing
    Products
    Raw materials
  • 20. Business as Industrial Clusters
    Offshore
    oil and gas
    industry
    Maritime
    policies
    Ship
    design
    Maritime lawyers
    Maritime
    education
    Specialized
    ship yards
    Advanced
    fisheries
    Advanced
    ship equip-
    ment
    Maritime
    R&D
    Logistics
    systems
    Shipping
    finance
    Effective
    ports and
    terminals
    Maritime
    IT
    Shipping
    brokers
    Ship
    management
    Marine
    insurance
    Environmental
    standards
    Ship
    classification
    services
    UPGRADING
    INTERNATIONALIZATION
    SHIPPING
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. From maritime cluster to
    global maritime knowledge hub
  • 24. Business as Global Knowledge Hubs
    Shipping
    Competent investors
    Shipindustry
    Offshore industry
    Venture capital
    Maritime services
    Technology
    Talent
    Research,education
    & innovation
    Economics
    Environment
  • 25. A Global Maritime Knowledge Hub shall propel the
    Singapore Maritime Cluster
    PORT
    GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
    Networks
    GLOBAL ECONOMY
    TECHNOLOGY
    TALENT
    VENTURE CAPITAL
    RESEARCH
    INNOVATION
    EDUCATION
    MARITIME
    SERVICES
    SHIPPING
    INVESTORS
    INCENTIVES
    DIVERSITY
    OFFSHORE
    & MARINE
    ENGINEERING
    Policies
    GLOBAL POPULATION
    GLOBAL POLITICS
  • 26. Examples of global knowledge hubs
    Boston (Life sciences)
    Houston (Oil & gas)
    Silicon Valley (IT)
  • 27.
  • 28. Life Science Global Knowledge Hub in Boston
    Color Legend
    Reds: University (21%)All other colors: Biotech (38%)Light Grey: PRO (26% )Black: Cross-sector (16%)
  • 29. PRO
    VC
    DBF
    PHAR
    HCO
    SSS
    IFC
    REG
    Structure of global knowledge hub in biotech industry
    Legend
    PRO Public Research organizations
    VC Venture Capital
    DBF Dedicated Biotech Firms
    PHAR Pharmaceutical industry
    HCO Health care organizations
    SSS Specialized supporting services
    IFC Institutions for collaboration
    REG Regulatory regime
  • 30.
  • 31. Oslo Cancer Cluster

    ”Solving the cancer puzzle”
  • 32. Global knowledge hubs have two main dimensions
    1. Global knowledge base (Hexagon model)
    2. Global knowledge dynamics
    (Network models)
  • 33. Global knowledge base:
    Industrial agglomeration and knowledge resource base
    Measured by large national data bases (firm and employee level data)
  • 34. Global knowledge dynamics:
    Interfirm knowledge linkages (locally, nationally and globally) within and across clusters
    Measured through large survey to more than 10000 firms
  • 35. The global knowledge hub index: Building the global knowledge base
    Environmental Attractiveness
    Cluster Attractiveness
    Educational Attractiveness
    Ownership
    Attractiveness
    Talent Attractiveness
    R&D Attractiveness
  • 36. Environmental Attractiveness
    The global knowledge hub index
    Cluster Attractiveness
    Educational Attractiveness
    Ownership
    Attractiveness
    Talent Attractiveness
    R&D Attractiveness
  • 37. The global knowledge hub index: Creating global knowledge dynamics
    Environmental Attractiveness
    Cluster Attractiveness
    Educational Attractiveness
    Knowledge
    dynamics
    Ownership
    Attractiveness
    Talent Attractiveness
    R&D Attractiveness
  • 38. Invitation to contribute to the Research Program