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Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy
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Immigrants: Resource for Minnesota's Economy

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  • 1. Immigrants: Resource for MN’s Economy November 2009
  • 2. Immigrant Contributions to MN’s Economy <ul><li>Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions change over time! </li></ul>
  • 3. Workers <ul><li>Immigrant wkrs = majority of labor force growth </li></ul><ul><li>6.5% of population – 8% of workforce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>370,000 people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>240,000 workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60,000 – 80,000 undocumented </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MN growth depends on imported labor </li></ul>
  • 4. Labor Force Growth Will Slow Sharply
  • 5. Migration Will Be Increasingly Important Re Growing the Labor Force State Demographer projection revised 2007
  • 6. Vacancies…Even in Recession Source: Grow Minnesota! Annual Report, 2008-2009
  • 7. Warning! Trespassers Will Be Recruited
  • 8. What Industries Fueled by Immigrant Works? (Top 5) Source: Migration Policy Institute 2006 66% 76% TOTAL, TOP 5 8% 13% Arts, Entertainment, Recreation 23% 21% Education, Heallth, Social Services 9% 12% Pro’s, Scientific, Management, Admin 12% 8% Retail Trade 14% 22% Manufacturing % Native- Born % Foreign-Born Industry
  • 9. MN Industries with Greatest Concentrations of Foreign-Born Workers (2006, >5000 Total ee’s) <ul><li>Mfg.- food/vegetable processing </li></ul><ul><li>Mfg.- animal slaughtering & processing </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. services to buildings & dwellings </li></ul><ul><li>Retail - specialty foods </li></ul><ul><li>Mfg.- medical equipment & supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Mfg.- electro medical & control instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Retail - used merchandise </li></ul>
  • 10. MN Will See a 30% Jump in Workers Turning Age 62 Beginning 2008 2005 ACS
  • 11. MN Labor Force % Born in Another Country PUMS microdata from 1990 & 2000 Census & 2006 ACS
  • 12.  
  • 13. Worker Shortage: What Do We Do? <ul><li>Automate </li></ul><ul><li>Grow elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Support in-migration </li></ul>
  • 14. Entrepreneurs <ul><li>3% of businesses immigrant owned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic-owned up 350% since ’90 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian-Indian firms = 400, >4,000 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$331 million in net income </li></ul><ul><li>Downtown & neighborhood revitalization </li></ul>
  • 15. Consumers <ul><li>Latinos: $4 b (up 694% since 1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Asians: $4.9 b (up 524% since 1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in buying (’90-’08 national ranking) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 th highest for Asians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 th highest for Hispanics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6% of retail sales (2007) </li></ul>
  • 16. Economic Stimulus <ul><li>Statewide immigrants leverage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24,000 jobs & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$1.2 billion personal income </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Native-born wages up, except those without high school diploma </li></ul><ul><li>South Central MN: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,600 Latino wkrs sustain 3,770 N-Latino jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include Latino consumption, add 4,100 more </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Illegal Immigrants… No Definitive Data <ul><li>60,000 – 80,000 undocumented </li></ul><ul><li>Approx cost: $176-$188 m per year: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$146-158 m – K12 education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$17 m – public assistance health care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$13 m – incarceration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost varies greatly by community </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate cost < long term benefit </li></ul>
  • 18. MN’s Economic Realty…2030 <ul><li>Population ages dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Labor force growth declines </li></ul><ul><li>New enterprises critical to growth </li></ul><ul><li>New Americans key to MN growth </li></ul>
  • 19. MN’s Immigrant Opportunity: Who Can Help? <ul><li>U.S. Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Education: Higher Ed, Workforce Dev </li></ul><ul><li>Employers </li></ul><ul><li>State Legislature & Governor? </li></ul>
  • 20. QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?
  • 21. The Boom Generation Starts Turning 65 in 2011 65+ Passes School Age Around 2020 Census counts & State Demographer projection, revised 2007
  • 22. Competition for the Future Workforce Will Increase Census Bureau US Proj, Mn State Demographer revised 2007
  • 23. MN’s ’06 Foreign Born Workforce Was 240,000 or 8% of the Total Workforce 2006 ACS

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