Romanian popular costumes

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Romanian popular costumes

  1. 1. COMENIUS MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIPS 2012-2014 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
  2. 2. COMENIUS MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIPS 2012-2014 In the European project “Having culture as a kite, we travel European skies”, six schools from Cyprus, Estonia, Italy, Greece, Poland and Romania collaborate in carrying out activities that deal with various aspects of cultural heritage. Main aim of the programme is to promote cultural and intercultural awareness and respect between European schools. These postcards of Romanian traditional costumes are considered to be some of the final products of the partnership. In proiectul european “Având cultura drept zmeu, călătorim pe cerul Europei”, şase şcoli din Cipru, Estonia, Italia, Grecia, Polonia si România colaborează pentru îndeplinirea unor activităţi care au de-a face cu diferite aspecte ale moştenirii culturale. Principalul scop al acestui program este de a promova cunoaşterea culturală si interculturală si respectul între şcolile europene. Aceste postcard-uri cuprinzand costume traditionale romanesti sunt considerate a fi unele dintre produsele finale ale proiectului. PARTNERS Dimotiko Scholeio Mathiati, - Cyprus Kose-Uuemõisa Lasteaed-Kool, - Estonia Istituto Comprensivo "Rocco Montano", - Italy Dimotiko Scholeio Ormylias, - Greece Szkola Podstawowa w Sobolach, - Poland Scoala Gimnaziala Nr. 62, - Romania
  3. 3. GIRLS FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM OLTENIA THE FEMALE POPULAR COSTUME FROM OLTENIA These girls from VII A and VII C are wearing a costume formed from: a blouse, a skirt and a veil. The blouse = ia, the skirt= fota and the veil=marama are each an example of technological performance and artistry. As for the blouses, the structuring of the decoration on the sleeves always respects the position of the embroidery = altiţei. The female costume includes also a piece from the waist down made of a rectangular fabric which looks like a skirt. This skirt is splinted laterally and needs to be buttoned up in order to fit the woman like a normal skirt.
  4. 4. A GIRL FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM OLTENIA
  5. 5. CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM OLTENIA MALE ROMANIAN POPULAR COSTUME FROM OLTENIA The two boys from VII A and VII C are wearing the traditional costume from Oltenia. The male costume from Oltenia is much simpler than the woman costume. It consists of a short shirt and long, tight trousers. Both the shirt and the trousers are made of homespun cloth. Over the shirt, men wear a belt, also woven in the house.
  6. 6. GROUP OF CHILDREN DANCING “HORA” AT THE TRADITIONAL HARVEST FEAST OCTOBER 2012 The harvest has always been a good occasion for celebration for all the Romanians. Our children recreated a bit of the atmosphere of old peasant celebrations of autumn and harvest. They sang and danced, they recited old incantations, proverbs and riddles.
  7. 7. GROUP OF CHILDREN DANCING “OLTENIA BUCHAREST PROJECT MEETING FEBRUARY 2013
  8. 8. GROUP OF CHILDREN WEARING ROMANIAN POPULAR COSTUMES AT THE COMENIUS SCHOOL CORNER COMENIUS PROJECT MEETING BUCHAREST, ROMANIA FEBRUARY 2013
  9. 9. GROUP OF GIRLS CELEBRATING THE NIGHT OF SAINT ANDREW The Night of Saint Andrew has very old roots. Our ancestors, the Dacians, celebrated the New Year on the night of 29th of November. It was a time of magic. The girls in the picture show us one of the rituals of that night: young girls make the round bread of Saint Andrew from flour, water and a lot of salt. They eat them being convinced that their future husband will come into their dreams to quench their thirst.
  10. 10. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM OLTENIA, CELEBRATING THE NIGHT OF SAINT ANDREW
  11. 11. GROUP OF GIRLS FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM OLTENIA, CELEBRATING THE NIGHT OF SAINT ANDREW
  12. 12. OLD RITULAS FROM THE NIGHT OF SAINT ANDREW One of the rituals of this night is for the young girls to look into the water to see the face of their future husband. The girl in the picture is wearing a traditional costume from Oltenia and the teacher is wearing an old costume from Teleorman.
  13. 13. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62 SINGING “THIS IS THE ROMANIAN”
  14. 14. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62 DANCING “CIULEANDRA”
  15. 15. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE ROMANIAN TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME CELEBRATING NEW YEAR’S EVE
  16. 16. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE ROMANIAN TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME CELEBRATING NEW YEAR’S EVE
  17. 17. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE ROMANIAN TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME CELEBRATING NEW YEAR’S EVE
  18. 18. A GIRL FROM IV B, SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING A TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM MOLDAVIA The traditional female costume of Moldova is very decorative. One of the functional- decorative pieces is the white linen shirt. The earliest form of this shirt was the shirt “tunictype" , having just an angle cut, square or round the neck. The Skirt- called fota and the apron – are the pieces from the waist down. They are made of pure wool or wool and cotton yarn. Most common skirt for all ages is a single rectangular piece of fabric (1.6 x 0.8 cm) which covers the woman's body from the waist down. This skirt is attached to the waist with a long strap up to 3-4 m long. The winter clothing for women includes: vests, waistcoats, fur coats. In cold weather, women wore a sleeveless, "waistcoat”, made of woolen fabric, sewn and lined with wool teasel. Another option was the “fur coat" or the "breastplate" sewn of lambskin, embellished at the top with geometric motifs applied or embroidered with woolen yarn. The aesthetic and social values for women are the "head coverings" – the shawls that identify their social status. Poor women in previous centuries wore sandals and wool socks. On holidays they wore shoes, sandals or boots specially sewn by artisans. Woman's costume on special occasions in the past was completed with the “bag", with the same colours.
  19. 19. A GIRL FROM IV B, SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING A TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM MOLDAVIA
  20. 20. A GIRL FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM MOLDAVIA
  21. 21. A GIRL FROM IV B, SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING A TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM MUNTENIA
  22. 22. TWO GIRLS FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM MUNTENIA
  23. 23. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM II B, SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62 AT THE VIDEOCONFERENCE WITH CYPRUS NOVEMBER 2012
  24. 24. A GIRL FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONAL POPULAR COSTUME FROM SIBIU
  25. 25. GROUP OF CHILDREN FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62 MAKING TRADTIONAL OBJECTS The teacher in the picture is wearing a traditional popular costume from Maramureş. The headscarf catch is similar to that of Oaş: a) on one side for girls; b) at the back for younger wives; c) in front, under the chin (old women). The shirt for women is homespun manually, made of linen and hemp for weekdays and only cotton for holidays in rich palette combinations, demonstrating imagination and innate talent of women, passed from generation to generation. The skirt, called “sucna” is homespun, made of white cloth, on which two aprons called “Zadie “are placed which are made from the same material as the shirt, wider and slightly ruffled at the waist. Leather sandals, called opinci with woven wraps are special for all the Romanian peasants.
  26. 26. A GIRL FROM SCOALA GIMNAZIALA NR.62, WEARING THE TRADITIONALPOPULAR COSTUME FROM OAŞ Women from Oaş are more conservative in terms of clothing than men. For their head we find the flowered headscarf called ‘‘chischineu” which comes in bright colors, red or green or black. The "Shirt" is made of cloth with long sleeves, wide at the elbows and tight at the wrists. It is decorated with colorful floral or geometric patterns around the neck, where we find the vest ="cheptarul". Decorative stitching is found on the sleeve. The skirt called "Pindileul” is made of the same material as the shirt, adorned also with decorative stitching at the waist where we find a 10-14 cm wide belt called "pogmată”. The female costume is finalized with high-heeled leather boots used in celebrations, and ordinary sandals called “opinci” for the rest of the days.
  27. 27. COMENIUS MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIPS 2012-2014 This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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