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Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades)
 

Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades)

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Teaches animal needs at the lower elementary level. Lots of pictures and examples.

Teaches animal needs at the lower elementary level. Lots of pictures and examples.

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    Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades) Animal needs (teach 1st, 2nd, 3th grades) Presentation Transcript

    • AnimalNeeds At the first, second and/or third grade level.By Moira Whitehouse PhD Must download/save to see the custom animations.
    • All animals have things they need to survive. Ifan animal does not have these things it will die.
    • Like animals, people have needs. Let’s thinkabout what you need to survive. Not what youmight like to have, but those things youabsolutely must have.Without these things, youcould no longer live, you would die.
    • From the following, which things do you need tosurvive? Not what you like or enjoy—what you NEED A pet A television
    • A carA washing machine
    • a cell phone video games
    • A school A bed
    • None of these are things the you need tosurvive. These are things you might like to havebut not having them wouldn’t cause you to die.Of course you would not die because youdid not have a television, video game, awashing machine, a bed, and so on.So let us look at those things that you reallydo need to survive.
    • Try holding your breath.Can you do it for ever? Why not? Yes without breathing in air, you would die.
    • In order to survive, wehumans need a gascalled oxygen.When we breathe airinto our lungs we getoxygen, one of thegases in air.Oxygen is one ofthose things we needto survive.
    • On a hot day in summerwhen you have beenrunning around outside,you really notice anotherthing that you need tosurvive. What is it? Yes, water is another one of your needs.
    • Around lunchtime, youmight become aware ofanother one of yourneeds. Your stomachgrowls like a cornereddog. You might even feels like this. What need could be causing that?
    • Yes, when you need food youfeel hungry and when you feelhungry it is hard for you to payattention to school work. We must eat food to have the energy to do things, like playing or schoolwork. People can go days, even weeks without eating but in the long run, we must have food or we die.
    • What’s the first thing youthink about when you areoutside and get really cold?Of course, you want to goinside your house or schoolto warm up. Shelter fromthe weather is another oneof your needs. If it gets toocold or too hot for people tolive, they die.
    • We’ve been talking about the things thatpeople need to stay alive, now let’s think aboutthe needs that animals have. Just like we do,all animals have certain needs that must bemet if they are to survive—to live, not die.Animals have many of the very same needsas people.
    • All animals must be able to move.A deerruns orwalks
    • A monkey swingsthrough the trees.A fish swimsthrough the water.
    • A lion runsfast chasingits prey.A bird fliesthrough theair.
    • Just like people, animalsalso start life very small,like babies, and growbigger.To move and to growanimals need energy.Think about where youget your energy, then askyourself: “Where doanimals get theirenergy?”
    • Yes, animals get energy to move and growfrom the food they eat. Like you,animals need food to survive. 1. The Need for Food Animals eat plants or other animals
    • In addition to food, animals also needwater to survive. 2. The Need for Water
    • Like people, most animals cannot live very longwithout a drink of water.
    • So, besides food and water what elsedo animals need to survive?Like us, they all need oxygen. 3. The Need for OxygenAnimals get oxygen in several differentways.
    • Like you, most land animals have lungsand breathe in oxygen directly from theair.
    • Fish, however, live in water and use theirgills to take in oxygen that is in the water. gills
    • Insects get theiroxygen by breathingthrough holes in theirbodies calledspiracles.Frogs breathe inoxygen with lungsand through holesin their skin.
    • Although it may not be nearly as nice aswhere you stay, animals also need sometype of shelter—a place where they andtheir young can be safe from bad weatherand from bigger animals that may want toeat them. 4. The Need for Shelter
    • Some animals, such as prairie dogs, dig a burrow underground. They do this to escape from the heat or cold or from other animals that are trying to eat them.
    • Birds and squirrels build nests.
    • For fawns, shelter might be a softplace in grass or leaves in the woods.
    • Bears findshelter indens—bigholes inrocks.
    • People have inventedthings such as cars,trucks and airplanesthat allow them tomove or to carrythings long distances.Only a few people inthe world still wanderabout hunting for theirfood, water or shelter.
    • But since animals don’t drive cars, planesor trucks, in the wild they meet theirneeds in the area where they live.Food for wild animals does not come on aplate nor does their water show up in aglass. Nobody builds them a home. Theyhave a certain amount of space to findthese things. We call the area where ananimal meets its needs area its habitat.
    • To mark its space or territory, an animallike a coyote, fox or wolf urinates aroundthe boundary. This is like a “keep out”signtelling other coyotes, foxes and wolves tostay out of its space.
    • 5. The Need for SpaceFor most animals finding food, water andshelter is not easy.Some animals need a large area or spacein which to find food, water and shelter.Other animals need only a small amountof space.
    • A male grizzly bear needs between 200 to500 square miles to satisfy its needs forfood, shelter and water.
    • The city of Fort Worth takes up about300 square miles of space.
    • One male grizzly bear would need anarea about the size of Fort Worth inorder to find enough food and water tostay alive.Although other animals also live in thislarge area, it would take all this spaceto meet the needs of one male grizzly.
    • On theother hand, an earthworm onlyneeds a very small area in which tolive—maybe a few square centimeters.
    • Remember the area in which ananimal lives and satisfies its needshas a name. This area is called its habitat.
    • Now let’s review and see what youremember.Animals, including people, havecertain things they have to have tosurvive. We call these things theira. wants b. likes c. needsWithout these things, the animalwill ________.
    • On these two pages are shown thingsthat you might like to have and thingsthat you need. Circle just those thingsthat you need to survive. ball water cell phone video game boom box oxygen
    • Now these food bicycle television shelter cartoys
    • Name the five animal needs.1. f_ _ _2. w _ _ _ _3. o _ yg _ _4. sh _ _ _ter5. sp_ _ _The area in which an animalsatisfies its needs is called itsa. place b. homec. habitat d. country
    • Which animal would need a very smallamount of space to meet its needs?a. a bear b. a wolfc. a mouse d. A bald eagleWhich animal would need a very largeamount of space to meet its needs?a. a lady bug b. a wolfc. a mouse d. a fly
    • This is a happy hippo.Do you think her needs are being met?