Middle AgesThe period known as the middle ages lasted fromthe fall of Roman Empire(300AD) to the rise ofthe Renaissance (1400AD).The Catholic Church held a great deal of powerduring the Middle Ages, and as a result ﬁnancedmost of the art projects during this era.Artists were paid to decorate churches and createreligious related pieces for the public to enjoy.
Constantine’s ChurchIn 350 AD the leaderConstantine built achurch for his daughter,and employed an artistto cover the entireceiling with mosaic.Mosaic is small piecesof glass or stone puttogether to create animage.http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza
Eleventh CenturyAt the start of the eleventhcentury Romanesquebuildings were a sign ofwealth and power in thechurch.During this time manychurches and monasterieswere built with thissemicircular arches andthick stone walls.http://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/toulouse-st-sernin
Gothic StyleAround the twelfth century wesee the emergence of the Gothicstyle, names after the Goths whoruled France.Many of the churches builtduring this time came decoratedwith gargoyles peering down overthe roof, in protection.Many thought the gargoyles to beridiculous, but that aside, Gothicchurches became the mostbeautiful and accomplished artforms in all of the Middle Ages.
Notre Dame, ParisNotre Dame, Paris built between 1163 - 1240 AD has been reconstructed for centuries, but still with holds the Gothic Style
FrescoThe technique ofpainting on a moist,plaster surface withcolor from ground up.Giotto - A famousItalian fresco painter
GiottoBorn in Italy, the son of a farmer.Became a painter, who specializedin the techniqe of fresco painting.Most well known for his work inSt. Peter’s Chapel. He was calledby Pope Benedict the XI whocommissioned this mosaic.
Church of Santa Croce Florence, Italy Fresco 1311
What Should I take away from this lesson?The Middle Ages were from 300-1400.The location of this art movement was in Europe.Most artists were commissioned by the CatholicChurch.The three main art forms were architecture,mosaic, and fresco.The main subject material was religious, mostlyJesus, God, and Mary.
Middle Ages - an era in art between 300-1400ADGothic - an architecture style developed by the Goths ofFrance, that commonly featured tall peaking roofs andgargoyles.Mosaic - an art technique that creates pictures out ofsmall pieces of stone or glass.Fresco - an art technique of painting on moist, plastersurface with color from ground up.Giotto - an Italian artist (1266-1337) who was createdmosaics and frescos for many Catholic churches in theMiddle Ages.