Team Culture Team culture ◦ Shared perception Norms, Roles, Patterns of interaction ◦ Development Early behavior, Leader, Organization ◦ Cultural values Commitment, Accountability, Trust
Defining Organizational Culture Organizational culture: ◦ Shared by all members ◦ Provides structural stability ◦ Organizational subcultures
Dimensions of Organizational Culture Individualism Versus Collectivism ◦ Individualists Loose ties Responsible only for themselves and their immediate families ◦ Collectivists Value Compliance Conformity is expected Conflict is discouraged http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lfp9LHFIXfI&feature=related
Dimensions of Organizational Culture Power and Status ◦ High-power Status oriented Problems: Reduced creativity Lower participation ◦ Low-power Egalitarian Problems: Difficult to manage More conflicts Implementation problems
Dimensions of Organizational Culture Uncertainty and Risk Avoidance ◦ Risk-Avoidance Cultures Value social harmony and stability Want rules and norms ◦ Risk-Taking Cultures Value change Action oriented Conflict viewed as positive
Dimensions of Organizational CultureComparing the United States and Japan◦ U.S. ◦ Japan Individualism Collectivism Low power High power Risk taking Risk avoidance Less teamwork Stress interdependence Quality circles Consensus decision making
Organizational Culture and Teamwork Types of Organizational culture ◦ Control culture Status and power Hierarchical ◦ Commitment culture Reduces organizational levels Focus on quality Encourage open communication and participation
Organizational Culture and Teamwork Teams and Cultural Change ◦ Cultures resistant to change ◦ Long-term process ◦ Requires communication and action
Organizational Culture and Teamwork Implementing Teams in Difficult Organizational Cultures
Transnational Teams Characteristics of Transnational Teams ◦ Problems: Cultural distance Individualism/collectivism Status or power distance Cultural identity Communication Direct or indirect Influence of status orientation Communication technology Reward system
Transnational Teams Creating Effective Transnational Teams ◦ Spend more time initially to start the team ◦ Train the team Encourage a common perspective and cultural awareness ◦ Use strong leadership Provide direction and motivation ◦ Develop a hybrid culture
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