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Team & Organizational Culture

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  • 1. MGMT 302-VL2Team & Organizational Culture
  • 2. Team Culture Team culture ◦ Shared perception  Norms, Roles, Patterns of interaction ◦ Development  Early behavior, Leader, Organization ◦ Cultural values  Commitment, Accountability, Trust
  • 3. Defining Organizational Culture Organizational culture: ◦ Shared by all members ◦ Provides structural stability ◦ Organizational subcultures
  • 4. Dimensions of Organizational Culture Individualism Versus Collectivism ◦ Individualists  Loose ties  Responsible only for themselves and their immediate families ◦ Collectivists  Value Compliance  Conformity is expected  Conflict is discouraged  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lfp9LHFIXfI&feature=related
  • 5. Dimensions of Organizational Culture Power and Status ◦ High-power  Status oriented  Problems:  Reduced creativity  Lower participation ◦ Low-power  Egalitarian  Problems:  Difficult to manage  More conflicts  Implementation problems
  • 6. Dimensions of Organizational Culture Uncertainty and Risk Avoidance ◦ Risk-Avoidance Cultures  Value social harmony and stability  Want rules and norms ◦ Risk-Taking Cultures  Value change  Action oriented  Conflict viewed as positive
  • 7. Dimensions of Organizational CultureComparing the United States and Japan◦ U.S. ◦ Japan  Individualism  Collectivism  Low power  High power  Risk taking  Risk avoidance  Less teamwork  Stress interdependence  Quality circles  Consensus decision making
  • 8. Organizational Culture and Teamwork Types of Organizational culture ◦ Control culture  Status and power  Hierarchical ◦ Commitment culture  Reduces organizational levels  Focus on quality  Encourage open communication and participation
  • 9. Organizational Culture and Teamwork Teams and Cultural Change ◦ Cultures resistant to change ◦ Long-term process ◦ Requires communication and action
  • 10. Organizational Culture and Teamwork Implementing Teams in Difficult Organizational Cultures
  • 11. Transnational Teams Characteristics of Transnational Teams ◦ Problems:  Cultural distance  Individualism/collectivism  Status or power distance  Cultural identity  Communication  Direct or indirect  Influence of status orientation  Communication technology  Reward system
  • 12. Transnational Teams Creating Effective Transnational Teams ◦ Spend more time initially to start the team ◦ Train the team  Encourage a common perspective and cultural awareness ◦ Use strong leadership  Provide direction and motivation ◦ Develop a hybrid culture