Online Learning in K-12 Schools
Due impart to the American Recovery and Reinvestment
Act, the K-12 community is reinventing the way we
think about school. Schools are implementing Web
2.0 tools to create an environment in which students
are engaged actively in learning (Lemke & Coughlin,
“At this juncture in history, we have two choices: We can
either leverage the democratization of knowledge and
the power of participatory, authentic and multimodal
learning in the service of our students, or we can
continue with current practice and careen down a path
to irrelevancy” (Lemke & Coughlin, 2009)
Web based Course Management System.
Allows Educators to extend the classroom onto the web.
Promotes Social Constructionist Pedagogy.
Free Application that educators can use to create an online
Closing the Instructional Gap Educators can personalize and individualize instruction to
accommodate the needs, interests and learning styles of all
Provides enrichment activities and remediation activities.
Abstract concepts can become more concrete through the use of
virtual manipulative and other online tools.
Students can use an individual learning plan and track
their own progress.
What Educators can do with Moodle…
Filling in the Instructional Gaps
Teachers can implement design learning modules by
creating a collection of files and web links together
with navigation controls. Students can access the
information and create a
Supporting Authentic Learning in the Classroom
A Course Management System (CMS), such as Moodle,
allows students to self-regulate their cognitive
strategies and design a learning experience that fits
their needs (Vovides, et.al, 2007).
Using a CMS addresses the fact that students in the
classroom vary in their prior knowledge therefore, one
size does not fit all. The students’ divers educational
needs which include learning styles and culture are
addressed through this type of learning (Vovides, et.al,
In order for student achievement to increase, there are three
important factors to consider.
1. Students must see the learning activities as meaningful and
2. The work must incorporate in-depth learning in the subject
area in order to build schema and develop understanding.
3. The students need to produce artifacts as a result of their
learning (Lemke & Coughlin, 2007).
The level of interactions between a student and the teacher is
important in increasing achievement (Young et.al, 2009).
In an online learning environment, students have the
opportunity to work in small groups which assists in the
development of problem solving, collaborative and
communicative skills (Young et.al, 2009).
Pros and Cons of Online Learning
Learning fits the diverse needs of each
Learning is global.
Learning is matched to student
learning preference, prior knowledge
and ability level.
Students increase problem solving
and collaborative skills.
Learning is designed to replicate real
Students are motivated and engaged.
Availability of technology
Access to digital tools
Teachers not trained to manage online
Students do not manage time
therefore unable to manage online
Virtual learning environment does not
provide face-to-face interactions.
K-12 online learning has the ability to provide digital
natives with the skills they need to compete in an ever
changing global society (Cavanaugh, 2007). As
educators we need to meet the diverse learning needs
of our students. We should not educate our children
using the “one size fits all” model. We need to use
technology to get students actively engaged by
designing a classroom that will address their
individual learning styles and prior knowledge. We
can achieve this through the use of a Course
Cavanaugh, C., & Clark, T. (2007). The Landscape of
K-12 Online Learning. In P. Adamson, B. Adamson, &
N. Clausen-Grace, et al (Eds.), What Works in K-12
Online Learning (Chapter 1, pp. 5-19).
Lemke, C., & Coughlin, E. (2009). The change agents.
Educational Leadership, 67(1), 54–59.
Moodle Pedagogy retrieved at
Vovides, Y., Sanchez-Alonso, S., Mitropoulou, V., &
Nickmans, G. (2007). The use of e-learning course
management systems to support learning strategies
and improve self-regulated learning. Educational
Research and Review, 2, 64-74. Retrieved November 24,
Young, J., Birtolo, P., & McElman, R. (2009). Virtual
success: Transforming education through online
learning. Learning & Leading with Technology, 36(5),