Digital Storytelling


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Digital Storytelling - connecting people through language, culture and creativity, Presentation given by Kirsty Mc Geoch at AFMLTA conference Sydney 2009

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Digital Storytelling

  1. 1. Digital Storytelling in second language learning and teaching Kirsty McGeoch University of Sydney, Australia Presentation at AFMLTA, Sydney, July 12, 2009.
  2. 2. Juergen‟s Digital Story juergen_videostory.wmv ** All images and music are either copyright-free or permission has been obtained.
  3. 3. Juergen‟s digital story Personally meaningful Written by him Narrated by him Images and music chosen by him 2:45
  4. 4. Background 10 steps Findings
  5. 5. Background
  6. 6. The Center for Digital Storytelling
  7. 7. 7 elements of digital storytelling (Center for Digital Storytelling) 1. Point of the story 2. Dramatic question 3. Emotional content 4. Gift of your voice 5. Power of soundtrack 6. Economy 7. Pacing
  8. 8. Uses in Education
  9. 9. Multiliteracies and content in K-12. (Banaszewski, 2002, 2005; Ohler, 2005)
  10. 10. Agency and self- esteem in youth. (Hlubinka, 2003; Hull & Katz, 2006)
  11. 11. Reflective practice among school students and in teacher professional development. (Barrett, 2006).
  12. 12. Intercultural Education training of pre-service teachers. (Carroll & Carney, 2005).
  13. 13. Multimodal expression with second language writers. (Nelson, 2006)
  14. 14. What about using it in ELICOS settings? (ELICOS = English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students).
  15. 15. • Institute of Continuing and TESOL Education – University of Queensland 25 English language learners (pre-advanced to advanced) aged 18 – 50 over 2 action research cycles Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Mexico, Austria, Holland, Uruguay & Saudi Arabia
  16. 16. My timeframe First time around….. 20 hours (4 hours a week for 5 weeks). … very rushed indeed
  17. 17. Subsequently…… 27.5 hours (5.5 hours a week for 5 weeks)
  18. 18. 10 steps
  19. 19. 1. Preparing myself
  20. 20. Making my own digital stories.
  21. 21. 2. Building the group
  22. 22. Hello, my name is Kirsty.
  23. 23. What are you really good at?
  24. 24. Based on a poem by George Ella Lyon, 1999
  25. 25. “After doing the activities /games in the first lecture all of us were able to get rid of most of our shyness and a nice climate to work was found.” Juergen, Austria
  26. 26. 3. Orientation towards the project
  27. 27. Showing my digital story
  28. 28. “It gave guidelines…………” Cecilia, Hong Kong
  29. 29. “ And when we see someone trying to introduce themselves. We feel relaxed and we can open our minds to them. So I think it made me feel closer to you.” Hana, Korea
  30. 30. “Because you told your story first, so you are one of us.” Robin, China
  31. 31. “…the most important fact for the motivation was your video story – I just wanted to have one of my own.” Juergen, Austria
  32. 32. watched digital stories and highlighted the elements of the genre
  33. 33. 4. First drafts
  34. 34. talk & free writing
  35. 35. The date of a major achievement, the time there was a particularly bad setback, meeting a special person, the birth of a child, the end of a relationship, the death of a loved one are all examples of these fork-in-the-road experiences. Right now, at this second, write about a decisive moment in your life. You have 10 minutes. (Digital Storytelling Cookbook, Feb 2007, p. 21).
  36. 36. Look at past scripts
  37. 37. The story circle
  38. 38. “I just need one good idea….”
  39. 39. What‟s the focus of my story?
  40. 40. “ In my situation I didn't have a real life changing event so I summarized my life and tried to focus on my life as a student… But with the lack of a real interesting focus I think I'm going to rewrite my story and tell more about my choice to study Law and how I first thought to study science in contrairy to all the people in my family who have been studying Law.” Michael (Holland).
  41. 41. trust
  42. 42. Because we share our stories so we know each other so we don’t need to shame [sic] or shy. Chan (Korea)
  43. 43. A chance to open up
  44. 44. “At first, we need to talk about our story, we sit around each other, it was really nervous actually and I thought “could I talk this story like this – it is kind of my secret story, but once I did, it feels like much better because I talk something I hid it before.” Chan, Korea
  45. 45. I don’t know. It’s like go to therapy – but cheaper. Really, I never talk about this with anyone. I don’t like to talk about this. This time, I tried to tell – not all – but a little bit. I feel better with that. Ana, Mexico
  46. 46. Any resistance?
  47. 47. Hye-young‟s digital story Hyeyoung's digital story.wmv
  48. 48. 5. Further development of scripts
  49. 49. 300 words
  50. 50. x6 (or more)
  51. 51. peer review
  52. 52. “…..generally when I stay in the classroom, even though I don’t have a good understanding I usually don’t ask them, but in the group discussion everyone asked some points they don’t know about that….. Because it is about their life.” Jina, Korea
  53. 53. “At that time I had enough time to rewrite again. That gave me confidence.” Betty, Korea.
  54. 54. “I wrote my fingers to the bone.” Yoon, Korea
  55. 55. “I spent normally more than 4 hours on every Wednesday and Sunday before your class for editing my script. In addition, while I was doing it, I often met Jaslene through MSN messenger doing same task until quite late.” Yoon, Korea
  56. 56. “I didn’t care… (about writing in the past) I found that so boring – I don’t like it, I’m not going to use it, I just want to talk. With this, I realised that it is very important. Sometimes I need to communicate with people and I have to do that in writing.” Clara, Mexico
  57. 57. “I have to go to the library, borrow a book to check the tense. I never , never, never do that until this time because was worried about that so it was really good for my English”. Clara, Mexico
  58. 58. …….the class blog
  59. 59. “Because I read the stories of the others and I found that my story is not good enough and I changed.” Max, Hong Kong.
  60. 60. I went to the library to check the culture connection. I like it – it is a place to share our stuff. Another reason I want to read them, I know that at the end of the course we will see our movies and I want – I’m afraid there are some words or sentence I don’t understand, so I want to read them first. Because – if you don’t understand particular words, I could get the wrong feeling about the movie. I want to know their story fist then watching it. Nicole, China
  61. 61. yoona said... I absolutely can understand your feeling because I did that same as you and still often. May be through your digital story, I belive I might know how you could change it. I looking forward to yours! August 8, 2008 10:56 PM – From our class blog.
  62. 62. 6 Storyboards and images
  63. 63. Reading images
  64. 64. While I concur with Kress (2003) that "the world told is a different world to the world shown," (p. 1) I would point out ... that the possibility exists for the "world told" to be told in a way that is substantially more powerful and authentic, from the perspective of the author, when it is also shown. (Nelson, 2006, p. 67)
  65. 65. Chan‟s digital story A SIGNIFICANT PERSON - by Chan.wmv
  66. 66. 7 Voiceovers
  67. 67. Audacity
  68. 68. audio
  69. 69. “I haven’t heard my voice before in English….., so for me it was very useful because I could listen to my mistakes. I know that I have mistakes but I didn’t listen to them before.” Dany, Mexico
  70. 70. “It was very helpful for intornation and it is still very helpful not to forget the intornation or accent while I stay at home.” Jina, Korea
  71. 71. 8. Choose your soundtrack
  72. 72. 9. Putting it all together
  73. 73. Windows Movie Maker
  74. 74. Rough cut viewing
  75. 75. 10 Final screening
  76. 76. “Nice, funny, time-intensive, worthy! interesting, patient, suffering, hard, bright, happy, delighted, stressful, original, meaningful, tiring, exciting, unforgettable, challenging, heart- warming, thoughtful, hardworking, creative, useful, enjoyable, fantastic, tough but very interesting, curious, adventurous, awesome, fabulous, great, emotional, motivated, different, wonderful.”
  77. 77. “I did it” Robin, China
  78. 78. What were those 10 steps again??
  79. 79. 1. Prepare myself 2. Build and bond the group 3. Orient the group by viewing digital stories 4. First drafts & story circle 5. Script development 6. Storyboards and images 7. Pronunciation practice and voiceovers 8. Choosing a soundtrack 9. Compiling the movie 10. Screening
  80. 80. Emerging findings
  81. 81. Improved language skills?
  82. 82. After participating in this project I think I have improved my English: agree strongly Total out of agree 18 respondents in general 16 1 17 reading 4 - 4 listening 10 3 13 writing 12 4 16 grammar 9 3 12 vocabulary 11 2 13 speaking 10 7 17 pronunciation 5 13 18
  83. 83. Beyond „language goals‟ to „life goals‟? (Stevick (1998) p. 166 cited in Arnold (1999) p. 3)
  84. 84. Understanding the self and other…..
  85. 85. “Before starting, I thought a lot to seek something that I want to share. The more I did, the clearer I saw myself. I realized what is important to me and what I treasure most, as well as what should I do in the following few years.” Nicole, China
  86. 86. “It’s a kind of knowing more about myself.” Betty, Korea.
  87. 87. “I love myself while making this story.” (Jamie, Korea)
  88. 88. “To listen to others stories can learn different the way of thinking.” Lin, China
  89. 89. I think participating in this digital storytelling exchange helped me to…. …..Improve my English, empathy with classmate’s feeling, understanding other cultures… Betty, Korea
  90. 90. At the first time I thought Hiro disliked me, but it's from his unique personality. He had his special world in his mind. In the class we had to talk and share ideas. That helped understand his own thinking. As so far, we absolutely improved our relationship. At the last day, I took the photo with him. I'd never imagened at the first day of our class.
  91. 91. Sense of community
  92. 92. “ I really feel like we are a family, to do the whole thing and show each other our own story – it make each other feel warm. I really think we have been close friends. So that‟s why I loved these classes.” Nicole,China
  93. 93. “ Some people revealed some private things and after discussing our topic we can have a more deep conversation with each other during the breaking time.” Jina, Korea
  94. 94. The self and L2 investment
  95. 95. “ It was good for motivate actually for purpose of learning english. It's about life, and once we start to talk about life, english plays in a big role to go ahead in the future.” Jina, Korea
  96. 96. “Actually, my parents in Korea don‟t know exactly what I am doing down here. They always suspicious about my behaviour. ….After showing this (digital story) they are more reassured, relieved.” Jina, Korea
  97. 97. “you will remember it if you see it in two year, I will remember every single person and funny moments – I think that was the motivation for everyone to work that hard.” Juergen, Austria
  98. 98. “Even until now during studying, whenever I had got tired and stressed, I often saw my digital story encouraged me to keep studying.” Yoon, Korea
  99. 99. “It was really quite good because we were really self-motivated. All we really want to do, we did it hard.” Chan, Korea
  100. 100. “I do not consider it just a project, as a course to gain some marks. I want to do it from the bottom of my heart.” Nicole, China.
  101. 101. “So when I showed the digital story I was very proud of me. Also I thought I got the best present from AU.” Betty, Korea
  102. 102. Identity texts Cummins, 2006; Norton, (in press)
  103. 103. “Teaching and learning which goes beyond transmitting knowledge into the realms of creative experiences, and which mobilises deeply-felt shifts in consciousness, can transform our understanding of self, of others and the complexities of the life of the mind.” Empathic Intelligence. Roslyn Arnold (2005), p. 12.
  104. 104. Ryota‟s “in a flash” digital story RYOTA.wmv *Made with Photostory3
  105. 105. Digital Storytelling For links to digital storytelling resources go to my blog and website: The University of Sydney, Australia Credits: istockphoto,, Kevinzim