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HKBU POLS 3620 Presentation: Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing

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HUNG Ming Chiu Mitchel Lucion &
TANG Hiu Tung Samantha

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HKBU POLS 3620 Presentation: Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing HKBU POLS 3620 Presentation: Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing Presentation Transcript

  • Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL LUCION
  • 08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    01introduction
    WINTER
    • Kendo
    • Ken (劍) = Sword
    • Do(道)=Way of life
    Template
  • 08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    01introduction
    WINTER
    Fencing
    • old French “defens”
    • “ the way of defending”
    • around1200BC
    • in a craving in Egypt
    • modern fencing/Olympic fencing
    • started in early 19th century
    Template
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Kendo
    • The Heian Period (平安時代) (794-1185)
    Witnessed a shift of power from aristocrats to warriors.
    • The katana (太刀) was influenced by the Chinese blade (唐刀)
    PowerPoint chart object
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Kendo
    • Mongols’ invasion in the 13th century of Japan boosted the development of kendo and other martial arts.
    • Japan has had the world’s best sword craftsmanship of the time, fighting against bows.
    • Kendo changed from individual ritual duels to military fights.
    PowerPoint chart object
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    Introduction of muskets by the Portuguese in the 16th century required flexible combat.
    Many famous schools of kendo was founded: Miyamoto Musashi (宮本武藏)was the founder of the two-sword kendo.
    Bamboo swords and protective gears was introduced in the 17th century.
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    During the modern period, kendo was standardized in terms of points to be hit, costume, equipment.
    During the early Meiji Period, Westernization led to the abandoning of Japanese sword in favor of Western saber.
    Kendo was included into school curriculum since 1890s for the sake of promotion of Bushido militarism.
    Kids are nowadays encouraged by parents to learn kendo for self-discipline.
    Police are required to practice kendo, as well as judo.
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    Fencing
    • French school: DuelingDefence
    • Modification of rules
    • German school: invention of cut fencing
    • Codified rules
    • Mentality changes
    • Nobleswriters and middle class
    • Fencer development stress: technique
    • From art to sport: trinity of weapons
    • Invention of the push button
    • Invention of gun power amour s disappeared
    • Development of weapon to a lighter and smaller one
    • Italian and Spanish way spread through France
    • 13-14thforbid dueling and school of fencing
    • 15th: legal to run school of fencing
    • 16thLetters Patent given
    • Demonstration in public and even in theatre
  • history anddevelopment
    02
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
  • 03 Equipments
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    Weapons:
    Shinai (竹刀) for Keiko(稽古)
    Bokuken (木刀)for Kata(形)
    Costume:
    Dogi (道著)
    Hakama(袴)
    Protective gears:
    Men (面)
    Kote(小手)
    Do(胴)
    Tare(垂)
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • 03 Equipments
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    Jacket
    Glove
    Body wire
    Épées
    Breeches
    Mask
    Plastron
    Epee
    Fencing equipments
  • 03 Equipments
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    • Origin
    • Weight
    • Shape of guard
    • Way of scoring
    • Method of attack
    Different in
  • 08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    03 Equipments
    Comparison: head gear and weapon
  • Game rules and regulations
    04
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    Modern kendo is standardized to hit men (面), kote(小手), do(胴) and tsuki(突刺)at the throat only.
    Ki-ai (氣合)and zanshin(殘心) are the specials of kendo an other forms of Japanese martial arts.
    Kendo is allowed of semi-body contact, action called tsuba-seriai.
    Individual or team matches.
    Played on a square wooden floor ranging 9-11m square.
    Nito-kendo is an alternative.
    Kata practice remind kendo stems from combating techniques.
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • Game rules and regulations
    04
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    Cultural and Ideological Comparison of Kendo and Fencing
    Different scoring area for different type of fencing:
    Different scoring system: right of way
    Different method of attack:
    Foil and epee: thrusting
    Sabre: thrusting and cutting
    Individual or team matches.
    Played on on a rectangular strip of floor that is 5.9 to 6.6 ft (1.79 to 2.01 m) wide and 46 ft (14.02 m) long
    08027951TANG HIU TUNG, SAMANTHA
    08020507HUNG MING CHIU, MITCHEL
  • Ideology and philosophy
    05
    08020507 Hung Ming Chiu
    Kendo has philosophical foundation of Zen Buddhism (禪宗).
    At the time of Tokugawa Shogunate, Confucianism was extracted to shape Bushido (武士道).
    During Meiji Period, thinker and statesman NitobeInazo (新渡戶稻造)wrote a book on Bushidoin English.
  • Ideology and philosophy
    05
    08027951 Tang Hiu Tung
    Chivalry and Nobility during Middle ages
    “the art of hitting without being hit”
    Link with courage
    Olympic sports: sportsmanship
    Search for classical fencing
    Treat fencing as dueling
    Reject electronic scoring
    Following rules of 19th or pre 19th century
  • Final conclusion
    Both Kendo and fencing  sports
    Kendo: striking for being an event in Olympics game
    Fencing: some seek its pre-Olympics model to treat it as art for a lack of philosophy in modern fencing
    Youtube Video: Kendo vs. Fencing
  • The End