Fauvism finale

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Fauvism finale

  1. 1. Les Fauves: The “Wild Beasts” of Paris by Eleanor Pence & Ruby Rehman
  2. 2. Explosive Beginnings 1905 Salon d’Automne in Paris  All grouped in one room (Salle VII) Generally, negative critical response at first.  “Primitive, brutal and violent”  “Raving madness, or perhaps, a bad joke”  “A child playing with its paintbox” Name given by critic Louis Vauxcelles  “Donatello au milieu des fauves”.
  3. 3. Why so scandalous? In many ways, a major departure from previous movements  Bright, “unnatural colors” straight from tube.  Extremely visible brush strokes  Colors and lack of shading work against perspective.  Abstraction - a painting is not meant to show what’s happening A preview of the characteristics of many movements to come.
  4. 4. Influences Neo-Impressionist colorists  Nabis  Seurat’s Pointillism - share an interest in the use of color in lending visual intensity Van Gogh - Pure colors, strong, visible brushstrokes Later, Cezanne and Gaugin  Cezanne: Playing with perspective through color  Gaugin: strong colors, rich contrasts, flat color areas
  5. 5. HenriMatisse:OpenWindow,Collioure(1905)
  6. 6. Matisse:Womanwith aHat(1905)
  7. 7. Maurice de Vlaminck: Tugboats on the Seine, Chatou (1906)
  8. 8. André Derain Unlike the other Fauves, Derain didn’t start out in Impressionism  Aim of the painter was to ‘substitute his inner vision for his perception of the world around him’ Served in the French military from 1901-1904 Painted over the course of several visits to judge light and seasonal changes
  9. 9. André Derain: Turning Road atL’Estaque (1906)
  10. 10. André Derain: The Bridge ofWaterloo (1907)
  11. 11. Derain’s Ascent to AbstractionEffect of the Sun on theWater (1906) Charing Cross Bridge (1905)
  12. 12. What Happened to Fauvism? Fauvism’s brief history begs the question: Why was it so brief?  Barely unified - mostly a group of painters whose styles and ideologies coincided for a short time.  Rejected wild colors and blatant emotions for more classical techniques…all except Matisse  Emotional use of color absorbed into German impressionism  Its freeing of color for emotions and its refusal to portray the world as it was had a powerful influence on later, even more avante-garde movements.

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