Ousd design guidelines-classrooms_02-01-13


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Ousd design guidelines-classrooms_02-01-13

  1. 1. OAKLAND UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICTDESIGN GUIDELINES FT R A D 21st Century Classrooms Date [01/31/12]
  2. 2. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSTable of ContentsI. Contributors (p. 3)II. Vision (p.4)III. Supporting School Programs (p. 5)III. Components (p. 6)IV. 21st Century Classrooms a. Flexible Classroom (p. 7) FT A b. Furniture (p. 8) c. Storage (p. 9) d. Technology (p. 10) e. Utilities (p. 11-12) D R f. Adjacencies (p 13)V. Specialized Programs a. Kindergartens & Child Development Centers (p 14) b. STEM (p 15) c. Programs for Exceptional Children (p 16)VI. Additional Resources (p. 17) Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 2
  3. 3. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSContributorsSoraya Brooks Tracey LoganTeacher Project ManagerPrescott Elementary School Technology Services, OUSDJoe Cavanagh Cesar MonterrosaDeputy Program Manager Facilities CoordinatorSGI Construction Management, OUSD Facilities Planning and ManagementKelvin Chan Kara OettingerManager Coordinator TTechnology Services, OUSD Programs for Exceptional Children FCaleb Cheung Matt OkazakiScience Manager Strategist AOUSD MKThink RDavid Colbert Manisha PatelFacilities Coordinator Project Manager, Process Improvement DFacilities Planning and Management, OUSD Technology Services, OUSDRoma Groves Cheyenne ProngaPrincipal STEM Grant Coordinator & New Teacher SupportMLK Jr. Elementary School OUSDRandy Horn Charles H. SmithProgram Director Buildings & Grounds, OUSDFacilities Planning and Management, OUSD Mia Settles-TidwellJosh Jackson Instructional and Operational AlignmentSenior Strategist OUSDMKThinkLeah JensenInstructional TechnologistInstructional Technology Unit, OUSD Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 3
  4. 4. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMS VisionThe guidelines for classrooms in this document Topic Areasoutline criteria for new construction and renovationprojects as described by the Oakland Unified • Flexible Classroom ConfigurationsSchool District’s Educational Specifications. TheEducational Specifications align with the district’s • Furniture & Equipment2012 Facilities Master Plan and the CommunitySchools, Thriving Students strategic plan to support • Technology Infrastructurethe creation of a Full-Service Community SchoolDistrict. • Utilities TThe specifications provide a consistent framework • STEM Ffor equitable facility designs across the district, butthe unique characteristics of each school site and • Programs for Exceptional Children Athe distinct character and needs of each schoolprogram mean that each school facility project will Rhave different architectural outcomes. DGuiding PrinciplesOUSD’s classrooms will be modern, functionalspaces that will support teaching and learning. Inorder to maximize sustainability, designs shouldalign with the Collaborative for HighPerformance Schools (CHPS) best practices, andsimplify maintenance and upkeep. Classroomsshould also be flexible so as to support a variety ofcurricular pedagogies, and accommodate changingtechnologies. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 4
  5. 5. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMS Supporting School ProgramsCommon Core Standards and Next GenerationScience StandardsIn order to provide a consistent, clearunderstanding of school curriculums, OUSD isimplementing the Common Core State TStandards and Next Generation ScienceStandards, which will be completed in March of F2013. Classrooms in the district should supportteachers working with these standards. R A DPedagogiesEvery school is different and every teacher isdifferent. New and renovated classrooms shouldhave equal quality across the district whileallowing many different teaching methods totake place within them.Technology Infrastructure LifecyclesIt is essential that classrooms have the capabilityto support evolving uses of technology. BuildingsBuildings have much longer lifecycles thantechnology, so preparing the facilities for Renovations YEARSchanges in technology is crucial. Computer Hardware Computer Software 0 25 50 75 100 Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 5
  6. 6. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMS21st Century Classroom ComponentsIllustrative Example Large-Capacity, Running Water Speakers and Multi-Use Conduits Distributed Sound T Acoustic Tiles Transparent Entrance Natural F Lighting Mounts for Teaching A Permanent & Wall Surfaces Secure Storage R (Cabinets or Closets) D Network Access Teacher Station Portable Storage Adequate Re-configureable Power Furniture Intercom/Phone & Wiring Artificial Lighting ControlsClassrooms must be at least 960 SF, as per the Title 5 California Code of Regulations. Rooms larger than1,000 SF require two exits. Refer to http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/title5regs.asp and the EducationalSpecifications for further information about minimum specifications of performance. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 6
  7. 7. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSFlexible ClassroomAn essential element of classroom design is Illustrative Examplesflexibility. Classroom spaces should support avariety of potential teaching and learningstyles, as well as provide appropriateaccommodations for additional users, includingafter school programs, adult education, andchildcare services. FT A Group Work D R Traditional Lecture Various Group Work Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 7
  8. 8. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSFurniture Chairs - Durable - Easily moved and rearranged - Stackable - Separate unit from the desks - Modular components for ease of maintenance T - Footing material will not scratch floors - Stackable F - Secondary grades: no storage attached to chairs - Elementary grades: individual storage can be A attached to chairs R - Should be an appropriate size for each grade level - Consider ergonomics of furniture D Desks and Tables - Durable - Easily moved and rearranged - Able to be configured in various arrangements - Modular components for ease of maintenance - Secondary grades: no storage attached to desks - Elementary grades: individual storage attached to desks - Should be an appropriate size for each grade level Teacher Station - For grades 6-12, when possible classrooms should be equipped with a teacher podium with capability of supporting: - Computer - Audio/visual/network controls - Document camera - Easily portable - Able to be secured or locked Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 8
  9. 9. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSStorage Permanent Storage - Cabinets - All rooms should have some amount of permanent storage; consult with program leaders to determine appropriate amount of storage - All rooms will host a variety of different types of storage - Able to be secured or locked T - Consider bookshelves when possible, in addition to F lockable cabinets or closets R A D Permanent Storage - Closet - All rooms should have some amount of permanent storage; consult with program leaders to determine appropriate amount of storage - All rooms will host a variety of different types of storage - Able to be secured or locked Mobile Storage - Facilities should consider having some amount of mobile storage - Storage should have the ability to be secured or locked Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 9
  10. 10. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMS TechnologyFacilities should be able to accommodate a connectivity and comply with the district’s E-variety of technology infrastructure, so that as Rate programs.technology changes, buildings do not requirerenovation.- Coordinate with Technical Services regardingmaterials and configurations to support Power & Wiring • Appropriate cabling and outlets will be installed in each classroom to provide for a variety of network T technologies and stand alone equipment. F • The recommended minimum number of drops will be 15 • At least one wall will have power and outlets running A along the entire length of the room • When possible, outlets should be located at counter- R height D • Ground outlets will also be provided when possible • Consider use of drop-down outlets • Consider sustainable design elements to reduce energy consumption. Lighting • Lighting should provide a comfortable classroom environment with appropriate visual conditions. • Where possible, there will be a combination of natural lighting and artificial lighting • Artificial lighting should have brightness controls and zoned variable lighting controls • Adjustable sun shades should be installed to reduce overheating in rooms with direct solar exposure Network Access & WIFI • All classrooms should have network access. It is OUSD’s goal that all students should have access to WIFI. • Consider mounting WIFI with projector when scaling ceiling conduit. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 10
  11. 11. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSUtilities Educational Technologies - Classrooms should be able to equip a variety of technologies, which might include: - Document Cameras - LCD Projector System - Interactive Whiteboard - Interactive ‘clicking’ remotes - Be mindful of mounting technology to avoid lighting glare FT Intercom and Phone (2-way communication) - All classrooms should be equipped with a A communications and paging system that allows school- wide communication from the classroom R - The system should allow 2-way talk back communication from the within the classroom D - The system should be able to call outside of the school as well Acoustics - Classrooms must have a maximum (unoccupied) noise level of 45 dBA LAeq., with maximum (unoccupied) reverberation times of 0.6 seconds. - Consider installation of acoustic panels to insure the appropriate noise levels Distributed Sound - Distributed sound is a method that improves acoustic quality throughout a classroom - Classrooms should be equipped with amplifiers and speakers to provide balanced sound coverage. - Consider room conditions such as acoustics and facility materials when determining sound systems and during installation. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 11
  12. 12. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSUtilities Ventilation - Classroom ventilation should provide comfortable temperatures. - Use passive ventilation and sustainable design options when possible - Avoid placing fans under lights to eliminate flicker - Avoid A/C when possible - All classrooms should have independent control of heating systems T - Install interlock system that would turn off heating and F cooling when doors and windows are opened. - Consider methods to improve indoor air quality R A D Sinks & Plumbing - All classrooms should be equipped with a sink and running water - Classrooms should be near other sources of running water (bathroom, fountains, teacher preparation areas) - Refer to the Materials Standards as well as the California Code of Regulations for details. Materials & Flooring - Flooring material should be durable and scratch resistant - Avoid carpeting and rugs - Flooring should promote furniture mobility - Wall materials should foster acoustic quality - Walls should be light-colored for high light reflectance - One wall should be dedicated to flexible display space and presentations - Refer to Materials Standards for further detail. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 12
  13. 13. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSAdjacencies Entrances & Exits - All classrooms doors should provide a view panel, either within the door itself or adjacent to it - Zones should be established that would T enable classrooms or parts of classroom F buildings to be made available for use by partner organizations while the rest of A campus is secure - All doors must be lockable R - Consider extra safety measures or indicators for elementary school classrooms D Restrooms - Restrooms should be close to classrooms - There should be separate restrooms for children and adults. - All kindergarten classrooms must have an adjoining restroom - Classrooms used by some Programs for Exceptional Children may have additional restroom requirements Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 13
  14. 14. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSKindergarten & CDC ClassroomsKindergarten classrooms and Child Development Centers(CDC’s) have different needs and minimum performancespecifications than other facilities. Additional requirementsinclude: Minimum Classroom Size of 1,350 SF Includes restrooms, storage, teacher preparation, wet and dry areas. These rooms should feature a second door that a teacher may easily monitor and control. Storage Classrooms should have a large amount of storage. There should be a variety of lockable storage, as well as easily accessible units for students, such as open shelving. Furniture and Furnishings Arroyo Viejo Child Development Center Should be the appropriate scale and height for kindergarten-aged children. Restrooms Classrooms should accommodate restrooms, which will be appropriately fitted for kindergarten student. Play Yard Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations requires a play yard adjacent to a kindergarten room that is designed to develop student motor skills. This yard must be completely visible from inside the classroom to allow supervision of children. Drop-off and Transportation Zones Classrooms must be adjacent to parent drop-off areas, as well as transportation loading zones such as bus stops.Refer to the California Code of Regulations, along with the Educational Specifications,for further detail. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 14
  15. 15. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSSTEMClassrooms that align with these guidelines should be capable of supporting STEM programs atthe elementary school level and most at the middle school level. This means accommodating: - Hands-on classwork Critical Components for STEM include: - Project-based learning - Network access - A variety of technologies - Flexible configuration for project- - Simultaneous lecture and group work based learning - Running waterSpecialized Classrooms TFor some technical education programs, specific programmatic needs will require specialized Frooms with more space, more robust utilities, and the capability to accommodate specialequipment. These specialized classrooms should be designed with flexibility to handle a Avariety of furniture and set-ups, so that the specialization comes from the fittings the room isconfigured with, rather than the architectural design itself. R• 1300 square feet minimum D• Diversity of secured storage options• Avoid carpeting• Modular furniture and workstations• At least 15 network drops per classroom• Controlled utility hook-ups for water and gas• Capacity to install fume hoods• Maximize natural light• Use passive ventilation• Durable and fire-safe furniture• Adjacent teacher preparation areas At the high school level, some STEM programs may require additional infrastructure for equipment. Examples: Illustrative Example - Digital Fabrication Lab - Bio-medical Science Lab - Engineering Studio For more information see the Middle School & High School Planning Design Guidelines. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 15
  16. 16. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSPrograms for Exceptional Children Inclusion Dedicated Facilities Many attributes of a classroom aligned with For students with more comprehensive these guidelines will support OUSD Programs needs, facilities must be planned in for Exceptional Children’s goal to include conjunction with the Programs for every student in the least restrictive Exceptional Children. These facilities should environment to the highest extent possible. T be designed and modified according to specific and unique needs. F Examples of design features that support inclusion are: Classrooms in dedicated facilities should not A - Lockable Storage be separated from the other classrooms, and R - A variety of storage capabilities it is preferable that they be located under the - Distributed Sound same roof. For these dedicated facilities, D - Adequate utilities for equipment there should be particular attention towards: - One entry/exit Storage Furniture, materials, and storage space Classrooms must be provided with sufficient comparable to all other students in the storage that can be secured and accessed classroom. only by teachers or staff for special equipment. Acoustic Controls Students with hearing impairments need resources through which acoustics are appropriate. Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 16
  17. 17. Design Guidelines 21ST CENTURY CLASSROOMSAdditional ResourcesFor more information regarding CHPS, refer to:http://www.chps.net/dev/Drupal/nodeFor more information regarding Title 5, refer to:http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/title5regs.aspeSN Special ReportReinventing Education TTitle 5, California Code of Regulations Fhttp://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/title5regs.asp ACollaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) Scorecard2009 Edition for Major Modernizations or a New Building on an Existing Campus Rhttp://www.chps.net/dev/Drupal/node/32Info on ERateLink to Materials Standards D Oakland Unified School District Design Guidelines 17