What is narrative? This is the way that the story is told.
Vladimir Propp An example for Propps theory. Vladimir Propp was a Russian critic and a literary theorist, he analysed series ofRussian folk tales, he noticed that the same event would occur in each story. Hebroke each tale down to the smallest units, which he called “narrative functions” this was vital for the narrative to exist.He also put characters in stories into categories like, the villain (antagonist), the donor, the helper, the princess, the dispatcher, the hero, the false hero.
Tzvetan Todorov Todorov is a Bulgarian philosopher. Who suggested that all stories began with equilibrium where everything is normal and the protagonist is happy, then this is disrupted by an outside force, the protagonist has to find a way to return to the state of equilibrium. This theory can be applied to many films.
Roland Barthes Ronald Barthes was a French literary theorist, philosopher, critic and semiotician. Barthes suggested five codes that can be seen in any narrative. The Hermeneutic Code: this is where the story avoids telling the truth, but does show clues to keep mystery.The Enigma Code: a way the tension is built up keeping audiences of their seatsThe symbolic code: this is where the code is used to show a meaning of the storyusually by connotations. The cultural code: a narrative device to show the audience the cultural background.The Semantic code: similar to the symbolic code but uses denotations rather than connotations.
Claude Levis-Strauss Levis-Strauss was a social anthropologist, who studied myths of tribal cultures. He analysed various myths and he noticed that they unconsciously reflected the values and beliefs of culture. These ideas were seen in the form of binary oppositions. Levis-Strauss wasn’t interested in which order they came.Good BadEarth SpaceNormal StrangeKnown Unknown
Equilibrium: The teenagers arehanging out and come across Disequilibrium: one ofa sign saying no entry. Being the teenagers sees acurious they break open the glimpse of thegate to have a look. antagonist and begins to get worried. Recognition of the disruption: they begin to get worried and try to leave, but the gate isNew equilibrium: The closed.teens are found dead bythe police and no oneknows who did it. An attempt to repair the damage: they start hearing noises and run away, and the antagonist follows them, to kill them.
The teenagers are The teenagers are looking hanging around, they around, but one of the break open a gate which teenagers sees a glimpse says “no entry” to see of the antagonist. what’s behind the gate. They try to leave but theyThe trailer ends with the can’t as the gate isfalse hero about to get locked, the teenagerskilled by the antagonist. begin to get worried. The teenagers sense they aren’t alone and run away from the antagonist.