SPECIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT

695 views
534 views

Published on

SPECIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
695
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
16
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SPECIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT

  1. 1. SARVAJANIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, SURAT 1 Presented By: Manoj Patel(120420748004) Guided by: Prof. Sejal Bhagat “SPECIAL AREA DEVELOPMENT” REGIONAL PLANNING
  2. 2. CONTENTS 2 1. Introduction 2. Goals of Special area development 3. Objective of Special area development 4. How to achieve this objective 5. Strategy for the development 6. Programme under the special area development 7. References
  3. 3. Introduction 3  Special area means that particular area in local reserve, which are identified by municipalities as vital to protecting natural resource & character of the landscape.  Special area development plan preparation demand more high skill, training, imagination and experiences on the other part of the person who frame it.  Amenity, Connectivity, and Health.  He has to arrange his plan in the manner that these all need should be satisfied.
  4. 4. 4 Goals of Special area development  Providing the people in each region pre- determinate acceptable standard of living both in economic as well as social.  To see that ecological condition in the region achieve a dynamic balance which allow the resource exploitation and resource utilization for the purpose of human development  Protect again the resource exhaustion
  5. 5. 5 Objective of Special area development  Achievement of per capita income level enabling a minimum standard of living projected at the national level.  Production and distribution of goods and services to achieve the projected standard of living.  Minimum deterioration in the environment both in nature and man made.
  6. 6. 6 How to achieve this objective  Growth in both economical & social terms  Development of infrastructure  Human resource endowment  Interior regional linkage
  7. 7. 7 Strategy for the development  Focusing on the attention on the masses rather than on the statues groups  conferring benefits to the directly weaker section.  Creation of the employment opportunity in the area It self.  Careful management of scare resources and channelizing them in the strategic sector of the economy which will support and help in the conservation of the renewal resources.  Undertaking the measures to maintain & improve the ecological balance.  Strategy should not be isolated
  8. 8. 8 Programme under the special area development  Land is most critical input for the agriculture. The demand for land increase due to economic development but it is in fixed quantity.  The quality of land is getting degraded due to many factors  There are some areas in the state that required special attention contain soil erosion and land degradation and restore ecology and environment balance and preserve the bio diversity.  Western ghat development program  Hill area development program  Drought prone area development program
  9. 9. 9 Western Ghats Development Programme  The Western Ghats Development Programme which aims at ecological preservation, restoration and overall socio-economic development of the Western Ghats region is a multi-sectoral centrally sponsored programme introduced at the National level in 1974- 75 to cover an extent of 160 lakh hectares in the Western Ghats region spread over the States of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.  The area covered by the programme works out to 62 per cent of the total area of the eight districts and about 20 per cent of the total geographical area of the State.  Since (1992-93) the implementing agencies of three core-sectors viz., Agricultural Engineering, Forestry and Horticulture were directed to execute the scheme
  10. 10. 10 The activities carried out under the programme involve planting of miscellaneous / medical plants and execution of soil conservation works by the Forest Department, Construction of civil works for Soil and Moisture Conservation and Water Harvesting by the Agricultural Engineering Department and rejuvenate of old orchards and production and distribution of planting materials and vegetable seeds by the Horticulture Department.
  11. 11. 11 3.2 Hill Area Development Programme  The Centrally sponsored, multi-sectoral Hill Area Development Programme which aims at socio- economic development of the hill stations in the country besides the protection and maintenance of the fragile eco-system was introduced at the National level in 1974-75 along with WGDP to cover hill areas requiring special attention.  Since 1975-76 this programme is being implemented in the Nilgiris (Udhagamandalam district) having a total geographical area of 2.74 lakh hectares.
  12. 12. 12 The activities under of the HADP, though somewhat similar to WGDP have special features such as: The altitude of the hills and the plateau regions covered, the quantity and spread of precipitation, the source of water supply and the prevailing land use and cropping patterns, vulnerability of the area to soil erosion, frequency of land slides and the extent of encroachment, denudation and degradation of forest areas
  13. 13. 13 Drought Prone Area development Programme The Drought Prone Areas Programme is a centrally shared programme launched in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are prone to and are constantly affected by severe drought conditions.  These areas are characterized by poor natural resource base for producing food, fodder and a large human and cattle population which exert heavy pressure on the available resources and lead to depletion of vegetative cover and reduction in ground water level due to continuous exploitation and inadequate efforts for recharging the aquifers.
  14. 14. 14 The Objectives of the programme are  To minimize the adverse effects of drought on the production of crops and livestock and productivity of land, water and human resources  To promote overall economic development and improve the socio-economic condition of the poor and disadvantaged sections  To take up development works through the watershed approach for land development, water resource development and afforestation development
  15. 15. 15 5. References Chand Mahesh and vinay Kumar ,(1996),Regional planning in India, allied publishers limited, India Chattopadhayay. B.C. (1996), City and metropolitan planning & development. institute of town planners, New Delhi, India.
  16. 16. 16  THANK YOU

×