Pedestrian priority in urban area and usefulness towards community
ME Civil – Town & Country Planning
Presented By: Manoj L. Patel
“Pedestrian priority in urban area and
usefulness towards community”
Faculty In charge:Prof. Bhasker Bhatt
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
SARVAJANIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING &
Transportation network has become nerve of
any city, the paradox here is that though
meant for human travel, these road hardly
provide any quality space for pedestrian.
There is a requirement of combining traffic
issues with pedestrian in a comprehensive
manner and will make it as important part of
Workable public transit and more occasions
for walking should be prime objectives of
Pedestrian Zone is the primary
component of every street in a city. It is not
only a zone to ensure smooth, comfortable,
conflict free movement of pedestrians and
public transport users, but also an area which
shapes social interactions, safety and
quality of life of people in a city.
Pedestrian’s characteristics can be divided into
various groups such as
physical space required
walking speed depends on age, gender,
Mobility - An Obstruction free, safe,
comfortable and continuous walking zone
Ecology: - Usage of Pervious Paving to
build Natural Drainage Systems - Reduce
Heat Island Effect
- Provide accessibility
ramps and tactile paving for the
Handicapped- Continuous and uniform
walking area- Trees
Role of non motorized modes of
The proliferation of motorization leads to
increase traffic congestion, environmental
deterioration and traffic accidents.
Non motorized transport (NMT) is one of the
effective alternates to alleviate negative
aspects of motorization.
The non motorized mode of travel consist of
rickshaws and animal drawn vehicles.
Role of non motorized modes of
Human is non polluting, safe & user friendly
as well as involved low cost for operations.
Waking is perhaps the most fundamental
mode of transport for short distances and
next reliable mode seems to be the bicycles.
safety, proximity and access are also
essential to maximize non motorized travel.
Importance of pedestrian
Circulation of pedestrian is of vital
importance's to the modern metropolis.
In urban area of developing countries, the
pedestrian trips constitutes a significant
portion of the total trips.
Managing pedestrian traffic
Planning for pedestrian
Priority should be accorded in the design
of routes used by school children, senior
citizens, physical challenged person and
Pedestrian facilities should be continuous
along all major streets and highways.
This should be direct and interconnect
with all the modes of transportation.
Segregates the pedestrian from vehicular
traffic to reduced conflicts and accidents.
Designated pedestrian crossings are
necessary to ensure safety of pedestrian
wishing to cross busy urban roads.
the types of pedestrian crossings include:
pedestrian over bridge
A zebra crossing is
a cheapest device to
provide a protected
zebra crossings with
signal control are
not very effective in
cities in developing
countries due to
zebra crossings & pedestrian refuges
Engineering measure towards reduction of
It involves high cost on construction and
Complete elimination of conflicts between
pedestrian and vehicles at point of crossing
A pedestrian underpasses can effectively attract
users and afford them a protected crossing.
On the other hand, an underpass not used by
pedestrian due to inappropriate location,
treatment, or unsatisfactory perception may turn
Pedestrian over bridge
Pedestrian over bridges across roads have
generally been unsuccessful
People hesitate to climb stairs and look for
Pedestrian over bridges are likely to be
successful only across railway tracks and across
wide roads with heavy traffic. provision of
escalators would encourage the aged and the
children to use the over bridges.
Elevated walkways may be found successful
across roads opposite railway stations.
The quality of life in the CBD tends to suffer
from the adverse effects of motor traffic; smoke,
noise, visual intrusion and lack of safety. This is
particularly evident in shopping activities.
Trend is to declare certain areas in the CBD as
Permit servicing of the shops during the night
Parking for private vehicles at the periphery of
pedestrian malls are essential.
People mover systems are those
specially meant for movement of car
users from the fringe parking lots to
the activity centers.
Pedestrian Design Guidelines
The Governing Body of
Engg.) Centre (UTTIPEC)
approved the “Pedestrian
recommendation of the
enforcement and uniform
adoption by all the road
Streets would provide
Increase in comfort
Comfortable connectivity from MRTS
Stations therefore increased ridership of
buses and Metro
Reduced dependency on the car
More exercise, so better health
Prioritization of public transport
Reduced congestion and pollution
Who walks in Delhi?
1. Walking for work, education and services…..
Of all education trips – 58% walk trips Service and business trips – 31% walk trips (RITES
2. Walking and urban poor…….
About 60% of people live in low income localities. An earlier estimate shows 22% of people with
less than Rs 2000/month income walk in Delhi. Moving slums out to periphery had sharply
reduced women employment as accessibility became a problem
3. Disability and walking……
Samarthyam survey: 58% of the disabled found steps, ramps, difficult to negotiate; 45% of
elderly found steps and ramps daunting; 20%found uneven, narrow sidewalks difficult.
Engineering guidelines for persons with disabilities are not implemented.
4. Urbanity and life style
Correlation between active transportation (walking and cycling) and obesity: China – 1.8kg
weight gain after and twice as likely to get obese for a Chinese who acquired a car. King
County, US – people weigh 7 pounds less on an average in walkable neighbourhoods
high accident rates……..
Total number of road accidents are very high in Delhi – 2.5 times higher than that of Kolkata, 2.1
times higher than Chennai – personal vehicles cause most of these accidents...
Nearly half of fatal accidents in Delhi involve – pedestrians
Source: Walkability Roundtable, Centre for Science and Environment, July 2009
The important inevitable part of urban planning
element. It is not useful to only some percent of
overall population but rather we say that helpful to
actually needed and who would not want to take the
risk of accidents.
Pedestrian facility with properly design directly
encourage community towards safer direction view
point for happy life.
Pedestrian is a very deep topic when considering all
possibility and that's why is a time consuming
process. If start then reach to the end and provides
advantage including future aspect.