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Presentation to moray house on world environment day june 05, 2012-final

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  • 6/1/2012 Perspectives on Guyana's Hinterland
  • Transcript

    • 1. LIVING SUSTAINABLY03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 1
    • 2. PERSPECTIVES ON GUYANA’S HINTERLANDDevelopmental Challenges and Opportunities Presentation by Major General (retd) Joseph G Singh On the Occasion of World Environment Day June 05, 2012 Moray House
    • 3. AIMTo provide a perspective on Guyana’s Hinterland that highlights:• current drivers that are important to the future of Guyana• opportunities that can shape the future of Guyana• challenges that have to be managed• a model of Community Owned Best practice for sustainable Resource Adaptive management in the Guiana Shield03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 3
    • 4. CLIMATE CHANGEIMPACTS ON THE COASTAL INFRASTRUCURE, SETTLEMENTS AND THE ECONOMY
    • 5. CHANGING WEATHER PATTERNS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 5
    • 6. THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES Vulnerability of Guyana’s Physical, Social and Economic Infra-structure The legacy of colonial infra-structure on the coast and the vulnerabilities to climate related phenomena – floods, coastal erosion, salt water intrusion, and siltation, require costly budgetary allocations but the situation may prove to be untenable in the long run so strategic decisions have to be made:• to secure the safety of the coastal population, and• to diversify the economy to reduce dependence on coastal assets and rely more on hinterland and regional opportunities03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 6
    • 7. LOW LYING COASTAL PLAIN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 7
    • 8. COASTAL DYNAMICS OFF BEL AIR03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 8
    • 9. COASTAL AGRICULTURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 9
    • 10. FISHERMEN’S COOP AMIDST FRAGILE SEA DEFENCES03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 10
    • 11. ERODED GROYNES AND BREAKWATERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 11
    • 12. COASTAL VULNERABILITY TO FLOODINGJanuary 2005 –Onverwagt WCB Satellite photo – Jan 17, 200503/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 12
    • 13. EAST DEM CONSERVANCY AND ECD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 13
    • 14. CROSS SECTION OF THE ECD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 14
    • 15. UNTENABLE COASTAL AND RIVERINE SETTLEMENT03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 15
    • 16. CHANGING COASTLINE - SHELL BEACH,NWD Then 2008 Now 201203/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 16
    • 17. WARRAUS’ ADAPTATION IN THE WAINI03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 17
    • 18. GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES Caribbean and Northern South America
    • 19. GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES• Guyana as a producer of food for the regional market• Guyana as a regional transportation hub• Guyana as a conduit to the Atlantic for manufactured goods and agricultural products from Amazonas and Roraima03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 19
    • 20. GEO-STRATEGICOPPORTUNITIES•Guyana as the only English–speaking country in SouthAmerica provides a bridgefrom the north (NorthAmerica, Europe and theCaribbean) to the States ofRoraima and Amazonas anda bridge from the south tothe north.•The upgrading of theairports at CJIA and at Oglewill provide facilities forlarger aircraft and fasterturn around for personstransiting Guyana for thehinterland and borderingStates03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 20
    • 21. THE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES Loss of preferential markets, un-competitiveness of agricultural exports because of high subsidies paid to farmers in traditional markets of the developed countries, and the high cost of production because of imported fossil fuels , are disincentives to continue trade and production strategy as per ‘business as usual’. Guyana’s opportunities lie in pursuing :• the options of securing benefits for stewardship of its forests, through REDD+ incentives, payment for eco-system services, and pursuing a low carbon development strategy• Evolving regional and hemispheric and international markets for food, raw materials from mineral resources, and petroleum products• Transportation infra-structure to support the movement of people, goods and services as Guyana has potential to evolve into a regional transportation hub03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 21
    • 22. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 22
    • 23. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 23
    • 24. MAP OF GUYANA SHOWING EVOLVING ROAD/TRAIL INFRASTRUCTURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 24
    • 25. CONNECTIVITY REGION 703/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 25
    • 26. REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY Region 8 Region 903/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 26
    • 27. OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL SHAPE THE FUTURE• - Economic opportunities Greening of the economy Equity, Access and Poverty Reduction Environmental safeguards
    • 28. THE ECONOMYTRADITONAL & EMERGINGAgriculture•Sugar•Rice•Timber and wood products•Sea foods and fish farms•FruitsMining•Bauxite•Manganese•Gold•Diamonds•Quarry products – aggregates and sand•PetroleumEmerging Green EconomyServices•Transportation –Sea freight, air - cargo andpassengers, land - cargo and passengers•Construction•Hospitality –hotels and restaurants•Telecommunications - high speed internetfixed and mobile networks•Call centres•Carbon storage and Ecosystem servicesTourism•Nature and adventure•Sports and cultural tourism03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 28
    • 29. NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRENDSTHE LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY•The option of securing benefits for itsstewardship of its forests, by pursuingREDD+ incentives and payment forecosystem services. Already Guyanahas an agreement with the Kingdom ofNorway where it is receiving paymentson an annual basis for maintainingagreed benchmarks in avoideddeforestation and degradation.• The moneys accruing from thisAgreement are allocated to strategicprojects such as hydropowerdevelopment; procurement andallocation of photovoltaic lightingfacilities for un-served communities inthe hinterland; providing high speedconnectivity to enhance the delivery ofgovernment services throughout thecountry; and in providing access toinformation technology through theprovision of a one laptop per familyproject, targeting low - income andhinterland communities .03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 29
    • 30. GUIANA SHIELD & WEST AFRICAN CRATON03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 30
    • 31. THE OPPORTUNITIES: THE MINING ANDPETROLEUM SECTOR•The Demand for Gold, Bauxite,Manganese, Copper and other metalsand Rare Earths is increasing andGuyana has had a continuing stream offoreign investors interested inexploration permits and in establishingpartnerships with local miners whohave been mining surface or artesiangold and who are interested in thepartnership arrangements becausethey lack the capital and technology todo deep or underground mining.•These partnerships are also likely tobe catalysts for hydropowerdevelopment on the run-of the rivermodel, to provide power for theiroperations while providing electricityfor nearby communities. Thedevelopment of roads, river landings,airstrips will also be facilitated,Active drilling for petroleum offshoreis also taking place and there isoptimism about a discovery.03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 31
    • 32. OPPORTUNITIESRESPONSIBLE EXPLOITATION OF MINERALS•The demand for gold, bauxite,manganese, copper, rare earths andpetroleum has catalysed activities inlarge, medium and small scale mining.The high price of gold, increases inprices for other minerals and thepositive market demand beingforecasted ,have funneled investmentsinto Guyana mainly from Canada butalso from Australia, China, Russia andinterests from other countries.•With exploitation of natural resourcescomes the environmental impacts onpeople and on the ecosystems.•Striking a balance between sensibleexploitation and conservation ,requiresconsultation with all stakeholders, land-use policy, inter-agency cooperation,legislation, regulations, institutionalcapacity, skilled managerial andtechnical competence, financialaccountability, benefits to people and tobiodiversity conservation andsustainable management03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 32
    • 33. LAND DREDGING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 33
    • 34. HYDRAULICKING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 34
    • 35. OKO03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 35
    • 36. TAILINGS MANAGEMENT03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 36
    • 37. RIVER DREDGE-DRAGGER03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 37
    • 38. CHECKING WATER TURBIDITY03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 38
    • 39. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 39
    • 40. BARAMITA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 40
    • 41. PORT KAITUMA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 41
    • 42. CONTRASTING LIVELIHOODS Extractive enterprises Food security03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 42
    • 43. CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    • 44. THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 44
    • 45. CONSERVATION PRIORITIES IN THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 45
    • 46. HINTERLAND PEOPLES, LANDSCAPES AND BIODIVERSITYMaintenance of traditions Realities of development03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 46
    • 47. RIVERS AND FORESTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 47
    • 48. MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 48
    • 49. WATER FALLS KAIETEUR AMAILA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 49
    • 50. PRISTINE FORESTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 50
    • 51. WETLANDS AND SAVNNAHS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 51
    • 52. SAVANNAHS AND MOUNTAINS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 52
    • 53. NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC Agricultural mounds in the Impressive forest giant! flood plain –astonishing industry!03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 53
    • 54. JAGUAR03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 54
    • 55. ANACONDA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 55
    • 56. SLOTH03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 56
    • 57. CAIMAN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 57
    • 58. HARPY EAGLE NEST03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 58
    • 59. HARPY PREPARING FOR TAKE 0FF03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 59
    • 60. MODEL OF A COMMUNITY IN TRANSITION -MASAKENARI Acknowledging the past Embracing the Future
    • 61. A CASE STUDY IN ADAPTATION- THE WAI WAI VILLAGE OF MASAKENARI IN SW GUYANA•Founded in 1950s through fusion ofnomadic family groups into a settledcommunity•Influenced by missionaries in terms ofspirituality but have accommodatedChristian teachings in their traditionalspiritual affinity with the naturalenvironment•Influence of the government’sadministration –trade store based onbarter, introduction of school andmedical health centre,•Involvement and participation in thenational social and cultural activities•Interface with extended families inBrazil and Suriname exposed them tochallenges and opportunities•Advocacy for land ownership and forsupport to manage the land andresources in a sustainable manner•Integration of new technologies andtechniques with traditional values andbeliefs for charting their future in thecontext of a developing Guyana 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 61
    • 62. MASAKENARI –DEEP SW GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 62
    • 63. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 63
    • 64. WAI WAI PETROGLYPHS -KASSAKAITYU03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 64
    • 65. MARAWANAWA AND CONSTRUCTION CREW03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 65
    • 66. COORDINATED EFFORTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 66
    • 67. WORK IN PROGRESS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 67
    • 68. MAINTAINING TRADITIONS Konashen 1969 Masakenari 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 68
    • 69. RETAINING THE SKILLSMaking Wai Wai Benches - Making Wai Wai Grater 1952 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 69
    • 70. CHANGES 1960s 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 70
    • 71. VARIATIONS OF THE THEME 1950s 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 71
    • 72. MAINTAINING THE TRADITIONS craft making finished products03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 72
    • 73. CASSAVA BREAD MAKING AND CASAREEPPROCESS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 73
    • 74. DRYING FINISHED CASSAVA BREAD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 74
    • 75. ARROW MAKING AND PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 75
    • 76. APPROPRIATE TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 76
    • 77. ECO-FRIENDLY ANTENNA POLE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 77
    • 78. ANTENNA MAINTENANCE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 78
    • 79. BATH TIME - JANICE’S CHILDREN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 79
    • 80. PLAYTIME ON THE RIVER03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 80
    • 81. FAMILY PICNIC03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 81
    • 82. IWOKRAMA- TRAINED RANGERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 82
    • 83. WAI WAI TITLED LAND IN SW GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 83
    • 84. SUSTAINABLE HARVESTING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 84
    • 85. MARANAWA-TRAINED TURTLE DANCERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 85
    • 86. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY –TRADITIONAL THATCH AND SOLAR LIGHTING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 86
    • 87. CHANGES IN COMMUNICATIONCommunications 1960s Internet access 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 87
    • 88. MASAKENARI YOUTHS AT FLAGRAISING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 88
    • 89. VOLLEYBALL IN NATURE’S STADIUM03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 89
    • 90. ONE WITH NATURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 90
    • 91. CONCLUSION OPPORTUNITIES TO BE EXPLOITED IN CREATIVE WAYSGuyana’s economic development strategy can be based on a transition to a green economy :• through agricultural growth in response to food security and commercial opportunities within the Caribbean Region and northern South America• revenues from stewardship of forests and ecosystems• Increasing movement of goods and services and people to Guyana ,based on trade and investment opportunities, and those transiting Guyana en route to the Atlantic and bordering States• Cultural, heritage and nature tourism• Reducing dependence on fossil fuels by developing and utilising micro run of the river hydropower facilities for communities and environmentally sound mini and medium scale hydropower for industrial development and the national grid• Revenues from responsible mineral and oil & gas exploitation with stringent environmental safety benchmarks , remediation and value-added earnings from processing.• Integrated planning, good communication and inclusive consultations• Good governance --- putting Guyana First!03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 91
    • 92. RECOMMENDATIONS NEED FOR A NATIONAL COMMITMENT TO STRATEGIC GOALSREGIONAL• REGIONAL INTEGRATION• HARMONISATION OF POLICIESHEMISPHERIC RESOLUTION OF BORDER CONTROVERSIES DETERRING UNREGULATED MOVEMENT AND CRIMINAL TENDENCIES INTEGRATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND STIMULATING THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLES, GOODS AND SERVICES INCREASE IN COMMERCIAL TRADE, SOCIAL , SPORTS AND CULTURAL LINKAGESDOMESTIC GOVERNANCE RULE OF LAW ACCOUNTABILITY DEVOLUTION AND DECENTRALISATION PUBLIC INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION CIVIL SOCIETY ADVOCACY JOB RELATED TRAINING AND PLACEMENT RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION – FUNCTIONAL, LITERACY; MANAGERIAL COMPETENCE , TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL SKILLS CAPACITY WORK ETHIC MAINTENANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCE HIGH ENERGY COSTS AND DEPENDENCY ON FOSSIL FUELS BY USE OF HYDRO POWER AND PHOTOVOLTAICS DEMOGRAPHIC REDEPLOYMENT TO AVOID VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE PHENOMENA SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING AND RESTRICTION ON IMPORTS OF NON-BIODEGRADABLE CONTAINERS ACCESSIBILITY TO DECISION-MAKERS, PROBLEM SOLVING AND MEDIATION OF CONFLICTS ZERO-TOLERANCE TO CRIME & BREACHES OF SECURITY AND INTEGRITY INTEGRATED LAND-USE POLICY AND PLANNING ADDRESS ISSUES OF ACCESS, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHTS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN MANAGE THE EXPECTATIONS OF CITIZENS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 92
    • 93. WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY –JUNE 05• UNEP’s Theme: GREEN ECONOMY: Does it include you?• I hope this presentation has been useful in providing you with information, perspectives and perhaps some food for thought, through the recommendations, that can be used as a tool for advocacy and action• Our ability to create problems for ourselves, as we have done with Carbon Emissions, is matched only by our ability to create solutions”.03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 93
    • 94. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 94
    • 95. BREAKING OF A NEW DAWN IN THE HINTERLAND OF GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 95