LIVING SUSTAINABLY03/07/13     Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   1
PERSPECTIVES ON GUYANA’S HINTERLANDDevelopmental Challenges and Opportunities                     Presentation            ...
AIMTo provide a perspective on Guyana’s Hinterland  that highlights:• current drivers that are important to the future of ...
CLIMATE CHANGEIMPACTS ON THE COASTAL INFRASTRUCURE, SETTLEMENTS AND THE ECONOMY
CHANGING WEATHER PATTERNS03/07/13         Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   5
THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES Vulnerability of Guyana’s Physical, Social and                  Economic Infra-structure  The...
LOW LYING COASTAL PLAIN03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   7
COASTAL DYNAMICS OFF BEL AIR03/07/13          Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   8
COASTAL AGRICULTURE03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   9
FISHERMEN’S COOP AMIDST            FRAGILE SEA DEFENCES03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   10
ERODED GROYNES AND BREAKWATERS03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   11
COASTAL VULNERABILITY TO FLOODINGJanuary 2005 –Onverwagt         WCB                            Satellite photo – Jan 17, ...
EAST DEM CONSERVANCY AND ECD03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   13
CROSS SECTION OF THE ECD03/07/13           Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   14
UNTENABLE COASTAL AND RIVERINE                    SETTLEMENT03/07/13            Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   15
CHANGING COASTLINE - SHELL BEACH,NWD           Then 2008                                             Now 201203/07/13     ...
WARRAUS’ ADAPTATION IN THE WAINI03/07/13            Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   17
GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES     Caribbean and Northern South America
GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES• Guyana as a producer of  food for the regional  market• Guyana as a regional  transportation ...
GEO-STRATEGICOPPORTUNITIES•Guyana as the only English–speaking country in SouthAmerica provides a bridgefrom the north (No...
THE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES  Loss of preferential markets, un-competitiveness of agricultural  exports because of high subs...
03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   22
03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   23
MAP OF GUYANA SHOWING EVOLVING        ROAD/TRAIL INFRASTRUCTURE03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   24
CONNECTIVITY REGION 703/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   25
REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY           Region 8                                             Region 903/07/13              Perspec...
OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL   SHAPE THE FUTURE•      -   Economic opportunities           Greening of the economy           Eq...
THE ECONOMYTRADITONAL & EMERGINGAgriculture•Sugar•Rice•Timber and wood products•Sea foods and fish farms•FruitsMining•Baux...
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT       TRENDSTHE LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY•The option of securing benefits for itsstewardship of ...
GUIANA SHIELD & WEST AFRICAN CRATON03/07/13     Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   30
THE OPPORTUNITIES: THE MINING ANDPETROLEUM SECTOR•The Demand for Gold, Bauxite,Manganese, Copper and other metalsand Rare ...
OPPORTUNITIESRESPONSIBLE EXPLOITATION        OF MINERALS•The demand for gold, bauxite,manganese, copper, rare earths andpe...
LAND DREDGING03/07/13     Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   33
HYDRAULICKING03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   34
OKO03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   35
TAILINGS MANAGEMENT03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   36
RIVER DREDGE-DRAGGER03/07/13         Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   37
CHECKING WATER TURBIDITY03/07/13          Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   38
03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   39
BARAMITA03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   40
PORT KAITUMA03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   41
CONTRASTING LIVELIHOODS     Extractive enterprises                             Food security03/07/13             Perspecti...
CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE          DEVELOPMENT
THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   44
CONSERVATION PRIORITIES IN THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13            Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   45
HINTERLAND PEOPLES, LANDSCAPES AND BIODIVERSITYMaintenance of traditions                      Realities of development03/0...
RIVERS AND FORESTS03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   47
MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   48
WATER FALLS           KAIETEUR                                             AMAILA03/07/13              Perspectives on Guy...
PRISTINE FORESTS03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   50
WETLANDS AND SAVNNAHS03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   51
SAVANNAHS AND MOUNTAINS03/07/13         Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   52
NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC                                          Agricultural mounds in the   Impressive forest giant!  ...
JAGUAR03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   54
ANACONDA03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   55
SLOTH03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   56
CAIMAN03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   57
HARPY EAGLE NEST03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   58
HARPY PREPARING FOR TAKE 0FF03/07/13           Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   59
MODEL OF A COMMUNITY IN TRANSITION         -MASAKENARI       Acknowledging the past        Embracing the Future
A CASE STUDY IN ADAPTATION-  THE WAI WAI VILLAGE OF MASAKENARI IN SW GUYANA•Founded in 1950s through fusion ofnomadic fami...
MASAKENARI –DEEP SW GUYANA03/07/13          Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   62
03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   63
WAI WAI PETROGLYPHS -KASSAKAITYU03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   64
MARAWANAWA AND CONSTRUCTION CREW03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   65
COORDINATED EFFORTS03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   66
WORK IN PROGRESS03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   67
MAINTAINING TRADITIONS           Konashen 1969                          Masakenari 201103/07/13            Perspectives on...
RETAINING THE SKILLSMaking Wai Wai Benches -                      Making Wai Wai Grater         1952                      ...
CHANGES           1960s                                             201103/07/13           Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterl...
VARIATIONS OF THE THEME              1950s                                             201103/07/13              Perspecti...
MAINTAINING THE TRADITIONS           craft making                                   finished products03/07/13             ...
CASSAVA BREAD MAKING AND CASAREEPPROCESS03/07/13     Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   73
DRYING FINISHED CASSAVA BREAD03/07/13            Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   74
ARROW MAKING AND PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   75
APPROPRIATE TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES03/07/13    Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   76
ECO-FRIENDLY ANTENNA POLE03/07/13          Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   77
ANTENNA MAINTENANCE03/07/13       Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   78
BATH TIME - JANICE’S CHILDREN03/07/13           Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   79
PLAYTIME ON THE RIVER03/07/13        Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   80
FAMILY PICNIC03/07/13     Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   81
IWOKRAMA- TRAINED RANGERS03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   82
WAI WAI TITLED LAND IN SW GUYANA03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   83
SUSTAINABLE HARVESTING03/07/13          Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   84
MARANAWA-TRAINED TURTLE DANCERS03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   85
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY –TRADITIONAL    THATCH AND SOLAR LIGHTING03/07/13    Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   86
CHANGES IN COMMUNICATIONCommunications 1960s                            Internet access 201103/07/13         Perspectives ...
MASAKENARI YOUTHS AT FLAGRAISING03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   88
VOLLEYBALL IN NATURE’S STADIUM03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   89
ONE WITH NATURE03/07/13      Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   90
CONCLUSION              OPPORTUNITIES TO BE EXPLOITED IN CREATIVE WAYSGuyana’s economic development strategy can be based ...
RECOMMENDATIONS           NEED FOR A NATIONAL COMMITMENT TO STRATEGIC GOALSREGIONAL•    REGIONAL INTEGRATION•    HARMONISA...
WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY –JUNE 05• UNEP’s Theme: GREEN ECONOMY: Does it  include you?• I hope this presentation has been usef...
03/07/13   Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS   94
BREAKING OF A NEW DAWN IN THE               HINTERLAND OF GUYANA03/07/13           Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS ...
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  • 6/1/2012 Perspectives on Guyana's Hinterland
  • Presentation to moray house on world environment day june 05, 2012-final

    1. 1. LIVING SUSTAINABLY03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 1
    2. 2. PERSPECTIVES ON GUYANA’S HINTERLANDDevelopmental Challenges and Opportunities Presentation by Major General (retd) Joseph G Singh On the Occasion of World Environment Day June 05, 2012 Moray House
    3. 3. AIMTo provide a perspective on Guyana’s Hinterland that highlights:• current drivers that are important to the future of Guyana• opportunities that can shape the future of Guyana• challenges that have to be managed• a model of Community Owned Best practice for sustainable Resource Adaptive management in the Guiana Shield03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 3
    4. 4. CLIMATE CHANGEIMPACTS ON THE COASTAL INFRASTRUCURE, SETTLEMENTS AND THE ECONOMY
    5. 5. CHANGING WEATHER PATTERNS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 5
    6. 6. THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES Vulnerability of Guyana’s Physical, Social and Economic Infra-structure The legacy of colonial infra-structure on the coast and the vulnerabilities to climate related phenomena – floods, coastal erosion, salt water intrusion, and siltation, require costly budgetary allocations but the situation may prove to be untenable in the long run so strategic decisions have to be made:• to secure the safety of the coastal population, and• to diversify the economy to reduce dependence on coastal assets and rely more on hinterland and regional opportunities03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 6
    7. 7. LOW LYING COASTAL PLAIN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 7
    8. 8. COASTAL DYNAMICS OFF BEL AIR03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 8
    9. 9. COASTAL AGRICULTURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 9
    10. 10. FISHERMEN’S COOP AMIDST FRAGILE SEA DEFENCES03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 10
    11. 11. ERODED GROYNES AND BREAKWATERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 11
    12. 12. COASTAL VULNERABILITY TO FLOODINGJanuary 2005 –Onverwagt WCB Satellite photo – Jan 17, 200503/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 12
    13. 13. EAST DEM CONSERVANCY AND ECD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 13
    14. 14. CROSS SECTION OF THE ECD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 14
    15. 15. UNTENABLE COASTAL AND RIVERINE SETTLEMENT03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 15
    16. 16. CHANGING COASTLINE - SHELL BEACH,NWD Then 2008 Now 201203/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 16
    17. 17. WARRAUS’ ADAPTATION IN THE WAINI03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 17
    18. 18. GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES Caribbean and Northern South America
    19. 19. GEO-STRATEGIC OPPORTUNITIES• Guyana as a producer of food for the regional market• Guyana as a regional transportation hub• Guyana as a conduit to the Atlantic for manufactured goods and agricultural products from Amazonas and Roraima03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 19
    20. 20. GEO-STRATEGICOPPORTUNITIES•Guyana as the only English–speaking country in SouthAmerica provides a bridgefrom the north (NorthAmerica, Europe and theCaribbean) to the States ofRoraima and Amazonas anda bridge from the south tothe north.•The upgrading of theairports at CJIA and at Oglewill provide facilities forlarger aircraft and fasterturn around for personstransiting Guyana for thehinterland and borderingStates03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 20
    21. 21. THE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES Loss of preferential markets, un-competitiveness of agricultural exports because of high subsidies paid to farmers in traditional markets of the developed countries, and the high cost of production because of imported fossil fuels , are disincentives to continue trade and production strategy as per ‘business as usual’. Guyana’s opportunities lie in pursuing :• the options of securing benefits for stewardship of its forests, through REDD+ incentives, payment for eco-system services, and pursuing a low carbon development strategy• Evolving regional and hemispheric and international markets for food, raw materials from mineral resources, and petroleum products• Transportation infra-structure to support the movement of people, goods and services as Guyana has potential to evolve into a regional transportation hub03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 21
    22. 22. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 22
    23. 23. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 23
    24. 24. MAP OF GUYANA SHOWING EVOLVING ROAD/TRAIL INFRASTRUCTURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 24
    25. 25. CONNECTIVITY REGION 703/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 25
    26. 26. REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY Region 8 Region 903/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 26
    27. 27. OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL SHAPE THE FUTURE• - Economic opportunities Greening of the economy Equity, Access and Poverty Reduction Environmental safeguards
    28. 28. THE ECONOMYTRADITONAL & EMERGINGAgriculture•Sugar•Rice•Timber and wood products•Sea foods and fish farms•FruitsMining•Bauxite•Manganese•Gold•Diamonds•Quarry products – aggregates and sand•PetroleumEmerging Green EconomyServices•Transportation –Sea freight, air - cargo andpassengers, land - cargo and passengers•Construction•Hospitality –hotels and restaurants•Telecommunications - high speed internetfixed and mobile networks•Call centres•Carbon storage and Ecosystem servicesTourism•Nature and adventure•Sports and cultural tourism03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 28
    29. 29. NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRENDSTHE LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY•The option of securing benefits for itsstewardship of its forests, by pursuingREDD+ incentives and payment forecosystem services. Already Guyanahas an agreement with the Kingdom ofNorway where it is receiving paymentson an annual basis for maintainingagreed benchmarks in avoideddeforestation and degradation.• The moneys accruing from thisAgreement are allocated to strategicprojects such as hydropowerdevelopment; procurement andallocation of photovoltaic lightingfacilities for un-served communities inthe hinterland; providing high speedconnectivity to enhance the delivery ofgovernment services throughout thecountry; and in providing access toinformation technology through theprovision of a one laptop per familyproject, targeting low - income andhinterland communities .03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 29
    30. 30. GUIANA SHIELD & WEST AFRICAN CRATON03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 30
    31. 31. THE OPPORTUNITIES: THE MINING ANDPETROLEUM SECTOR•The Demand for Gold, Bauxite,Manganese, Copper and other metalsand Rare Earths is increasing andGuyana has had a continuing stream offoreign investors interested inexploration permits and in establishingpartnerships with local miners whohave been mining surface or artesiangold and who are interested in thepartnership arrangements becausethey lack the capital and technology todo deep or underground mining.•These partnerships are also likely tobe catalysts for hydropowerdevelopment on the run-of the rivermodel, to provide power for theiroperations while providing electricityfor nearby communities. Thedevelopment of roads, river landings,airstrips will also be facilitated,Active drilling for petroleum offshoreis also taking place and there isoptimism about a discovery.03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 31
    32. 32. OPPORTUNITIESRESPONSIBLE EXPLOITATION OF MINERALS•The demand for gold, bauxite,manganese, copper, rare earths andpetroleum has catalysed activities inlarge, medium and small scale mining.The high price of gold, increases inprices for other minerals and thepositive market demand beingforecasted ,have funneled investmentsinto Guyana mainly from Canada butalso from Australia, China, Russia andinterests from other countries.•With exploitation of natural resourcescomes the environmental impacts onpeople and on the ecosystems.•Striking a balance between sensibleexploitation and conservation ,requiresconsultation with all stakeholders, land-use policy, inter-agency cooperation,legislation, regulations, institutionalcapacity, skilled managerial andtechnical competence, financialaccountability, benefits to people and tobiodiversity conservation andsustainable management03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 32
    33. 33. LAND DREDGING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 33
    34. 34. HYDRAULICKING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 34
    35. 35. OKO03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 35
    36. 36. TAILINGS MANAGEMENT03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 36
    37. 37. RIVER DREDGE-DRAGGER03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 37
    38. 38. CHECKING WATER TURBIDITY03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 38
    39. 39. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 39
    40. 40. BARAMITA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 40
    41. 41. PORT KAITUMA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 41
    42. 42. CONTRASTING LIVELIHOODS Extractive enterprises Food security03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 42
    43. 43. CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    44. 44. THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 44
    45. 45. CONSERVATION PRIORITIES IN THE GUIANA SHIELD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 45
    46. 46. HINTERLAND PEOPLES, LANDSCAPES AND BIODIVERSITYMaintenance of traditions Realities of development03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 46
    47. 47. RIVERS AND FORESTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 47
    48. 48. MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 48
    49. 49. WATER FALLS KAIETEUR AMAILA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 49
    50. 50. PRISTINE FORESTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 50
    51. 51. WETLANDS AND SAVNNAHS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 51
    52. 52. SAVANNAHS AND MOUNTAINS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 52
    53. 53. NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC Agricultural mounds in the Impressive forest giant! flood plain –astonishing industry!03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 53
    54. 54. JAGUAR03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 54
    55. 55. ANACONDA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 55
    56. 56. SLOTH03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 56
    57. 57. CAIMAN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 57
    58. 58. HARPY EAGLE NEST03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 58
    59. 59. HARPY PREPARING FOR TAKE 0FF03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 59
    60. 60. MODEL OF A COMMUNITY IN TRANSITION -MASAKENARI Acknowledging the past Embracing the Future
    61. 61. A CASE STUDY IN ADAPTATION- THE WAI WAI VILLAGE OF MASAKENARI IN SW GUYANA•Founded in 1950s through fusion ofnomadic family groups into a settledcommunity•Influenced by missionaries in terms ofspirituality but have accommodatedChristian teachings in their traditionalspiritual affinity with the naturalenvironment•Influence of the government’sadministration –trade store based onbarter, introduction of school andmedical health centre,•Involvement and participation in thenational social and cultural activities•Interface with extended families inBrazil and Suriname exposed them tochallenges and opportunities•Advocacy for land ownership and forsupport to manage the land andresources in a sustainable manner•Integration of new technologies andtechniques with traditional values andbeliefs for charting their future in thecontext of a developing Guyana 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 61
    62. 62. MASAKENARI –DEEP SW GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 62
    63. 63. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 63
    64. 64. WAI WAI PETROGLYPHS -KASSAKAITYU03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 64
    65. 65. MARAWANAWA AND CONSTRUCTION CREW03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 65
    66. 66. COORDINATED EFFORTS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 66
    67. 67. WORK IN PROGRESS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 67
    68. 68. MAINTAINING TRADITIONS Konashen 1969 Masakenari 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 68
    69. 69. RETAINING THE SKILLSMaking Wai Wai Benches - Making Wai Wai Grater 1952 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 69
    70. 70. CHANGES 1960s 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 70
    71. 71. VARIATIONS OF THE THEME 1950s 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 71
    72. 72. MAINTAINING THE TRADITIONS craft making finished products03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 72
    73. 73. CASSAVA BREAD MAKING AND CASAREEPPROCESS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 73
    74. 74. DRYING FINISHED CASSAVA BREAD03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 74
    75. 75. ARROW MAKING AND PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 75
    76. 76. APPROPRIATE TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 76
    77. 77. ECO-FRIENDLY ANTENNA POLE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 77
    78. 78. ANTENNA MAINTENANCE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 78
    79. 79. BATH TIME - JANICE’S CHILDREN03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 79
    80. 80. PLAYTIME ON THE RIVER03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 80
    81. 81. FAMILY PICNIC03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 81
    82. 82. IWOKRAMA- TRAINED RANGERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 82
    83. 83. WAI WAI TITLED LAND IN SW GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 83
    84. 84. SUSTAINABLE HARVESTING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 84
    85. 85. MARANAWA-TRAINED TURTLE DANCERS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 85
    86. 86. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY –TRADITIONAL THATCH AND SOLAR LIGHTING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 86
    87. 87. CHANGES IN COMMUNICATIONCommunications 1960s Internet access 201103/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 87
    88. 88. MASAKENARI YOUTHS AT FLAGRAISING03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 88
    89. 89. VOLLEYBALL IN NATURE’S STADIUM03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 89
    90. 90. ONE WITH NATURE03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 90
    91. 91. CONCLUSION OPPORTUNITIES TO BE EXPLOITED IN CREATIVE WAYSGuyana’s economic development strategy can be based on a transition to a green economy :• through agricultural growth in response to food security and commercial opportunities within the Caribbean Region and northern South America• revenues from stewardship of forests and ecosystems• Increasing movement of goods and services and people to Guyana ,based on trade and investment opportunities, and those transiting Guyana en route to the Atlantic and bordering States• Cultural, heritage and nature tourism• Reducing dependence on fossil fuels by developing and utilising micro run of the river hydropower facilities for communities and environmentally sound mini and medium scale hydropower for industrial development and the national grid• Revenues from responsible mineral and oil & gas exploitation with stringent environmental safety benchmarks , remediation and value-added earnings from processing.• Integrated planning, good communication and inclusive consultations• Good governance --- putting Guyana First!03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 91
    92. 92. RECOMMENDATIONS NEED FOR A NATIONAL COMMITMENT TO STRATEGIC GOALSREGIONAL• REGIONAL INTEGRATION• HARMONISATION OF POLICIESHEMISPHERIC RESOLUTION OF BORDER CONTROVERSIES DETERRING UNREGULATED MOVEMENT AND CRIMINAL TENDENCIES INTEGRATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE AND STIMULATING THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLES, GOODS AND SERVICES INCREASE IN COMMERCIAL TRADE, SOCIAL , SPORTS AND CULTURAL LINKAGESDOMESTIC GOVERNANCE RULE OF LAW ACCOUNTABILITY DEVOLUTION AND DECENTRALISATION PUBLIC INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION CIVIL SOCIETY ADVOCACY JOB RELATED TRAINING AND PLACEMENT RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION – FUNCTIONAL, LITERACY; MANAGERIAL COMPETENCE , TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL SKILLS CAPACITY WORK ETHIC MAINTENANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCE HIGH ENERGY COSTS AND DEPENDENCY ON FOSSIL FUELS BY USE OF HYDRO POWER AND PHOTOVOLTAICS DEMOGRAPHIC REDEPLOYMENT TO AVOID VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE PHENOMENA SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING AND RESTRICTION ON IMPORTS OF NON-BIODEGRADABLE CONTAINERS ACCESSIBILITY TO DECISION-MAKERS, PROBLEM SOLVING AND MEDIATION OF CONFLICTS ZERO-TOLERANCE TO CRIME & BREACHES OF SECURITY AND INTEGRITY INTEGRATED LAND-USE POLICY AND PLANNING ADDRESS ISSUES OF ACCESS, HUMAN RIGHTS, RIGHTS OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN MANAGE THE EXPECTATIONS OF CITIZENS03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 92
    93. 93. WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY –JUNE 05• UNEP’s Theme: GREEN ECONOMY: Does it include you?• I hope this presentation has been useful in providing you with information, perspectives and perhaps some food for thought, through the recommendations, that can be used as a tool for advocacy and action• Our ability to create problems for ourselves, as we have done with Carbon Emissions, is matched only by our ability to create solutions”.03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 93
    94. 94. 03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 94
    95. 95. BREAKING OF A NEW DAWN IN THE HINTERLAND OF GUYANA03/07/13 Perspectives on Guyanas Hinterland-JGS 95

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