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    Sustainable Museum Survey Results Sustainable Museum Survey Results Document Transcript

    • Sustainability Tracking Survey ResultsSummit on Sustainability in MuseumsAmerican Alliance of Museums, Professional Interest Committee on GreenShengyin Xu, LEED AP BD+CMinnesota Historical SocietySarah BrophyBMuseRoger Chang, PE, Assoc. AIA, ASHRAE BEMP, LEED APWestlake, Reed, Leskosky DesignIntroductionThe Professional Interest Committee (PIC) on Green is a subset of the Alliance for American Museums(AAM) that focuses on the practice of sustainability in museums. As part of the upcoming AAM 2013Annual Meeting and Conference (May 19 – 22, 2013), a PIC-Green project team looked to investigatecurrent trends in sustainability in the museum field and present this snapshot as a part of the Summit onSustainability in Museums at the annual conference.In order to find out the current trends in sustainability, a survey was developed and distributed betweenNovember 2012 and February 2013 (4 months). This survey asked participants to identify the types ofsustainability initiatives, as well as what types of certifications or metrics museums used to help guidethe sustainability initiatives. To see a full list of questions, refer to Appendix A:Appendix A:Originalsurvey. The hope is that the results help to begin the conversation of the state of sustainability inmuseums, as well as where we’d like to go.
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 2ProfilesOf the 30 survey respondents, a large majority were from institutions in the US. In the chart below,there were three international survey-respondents from Australia, Canada, and Romania. Within theUS, there was a range of states represented in the survey, with the remaining 17 survey-respondentscovering 12 different states.Despite the relatively small response rate compared to the number of AAM accredited museums(approximately 986 on April 1, 2013). The wide distribution of geographies could be a fairrepresentation of the scope of AAM’s accredited museums. The three states with the most AAMaccredited museums is California (7.0%), New York (6.7%), and Virginia (6.0%) while the top three statesfrom the survey included Illinois (14%), California (11%), Maryland (11%), and Minnesota (11%). It willbe important for future distribution tactics to target responses from New York, Virginia, andMassachusetts museums.Most institutions that took the survey were medium to large in scale. By attendance, a majority 65% ofthe institutions have over 10,000 visitors a year. By staffing, there was a wider range, with a smallmajority of 55% that had 1-49 staff.AustraliaMelbourne4%Canada Ontario4%Romania Tulcea4%USA CA11%USA CT4%USA DC7%USA IL14%USA MA7%USA MD11%USA MI4%USA MN11%USA PA4%USA TX7%USA UT4%USA WA4%USA WY4%Location of Survey-Takers100-4998%500-9,99927%10,000+65%Annual Attendance Profiles1-4955%50-9915%100-49922%500-9,9994%10,000+4%Staff Count
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 3There was also a wide variation in the industries of museum represented by the 30 survey-takers. Overa third (37%) represented organizations in culture and history, while 21% were from the arts. Naturalhistory (14%), science and technology (10%), transportation (4%), and literature (2%) were representedas well. Another 12% of the respondents responded their museums represented other industries.Currently, this set of survey results has about a 17 - 22% margin of error (based on 95% - 99%confidence levels). Ideally, given the range of types and sizes of AAM accredited museums, the surveycould target a 5% margin of error, which would require about 275 responses total. However, if theresponses to the primary question of whether or not the museum has sustainability programs are moreclearly skewed in one direction, then in order to get the margin of error of 5%, we’d only need 225responses. Alternately, decreasing the existing 20% margin of error to 10% would produce clearerresults and would be more attainable, requiring about 88 – 125 responses.In conclusion, the current sample of 30 museums, while diverse in geographies, size, and industries,does not capture enough of the museum field to make any conclusions about the trends in the widermuseum field.Cultural / History37%Art /Architecture /Design21%Agriculture /Forestry / NaturalHistory14%Other12%Science /Technology10%Transportation4%Literature2%Museum Industries
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 4Tracking ProfilesA majority of the 30 survey respondents did indicate some level of sustainability program or practicewithin their organizations.The respondents that indicated they have a formal or informal sustainability program or practice arereferred to as Group A in Appendix B:Methodology. This group received a different line of questionsthan Group B (the 33% that responded no to formal or informal sustainability programs), and Group C(3% that were not sure). Group A had more detailed questions regarding their sustainability initiatives,as well as open-ended questions for descriptions of their programs and experiences with varioussustainability tracking systems. Group B and C were asked if there are future plans for sustainabilityprograms or practices. Those that said there would not be any future sustainability plans were divertedto a single, open-ended question. Those that have plans for sustainability programs were asked thesame resources questions at the end of Group A’s questions. In this report, the blue graphs relate toGroup A while the orange represent Groups B and C.Comparing the presence of sustainability programs and practices by the scale of the organization showsthat a larger subset of the high attendance organizations (10,000+ annual attendance) havesustainability programs.Yes64%No33%I dont know3%Does this museum currently have a formal or informalsustainability program or practice?
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 5Further, when analyzing by staff figures, the more popular scale (1-49 staff) shows more variation in thepresence of sustainability programs, and actually less than half of these 1-49 staff organizations haveany sort of sustainability program. The larger organizations, 50+ staff all indicate there is a program inplace, with the exception of the one very large organization that reported over 10,000+ staff.With the exception of the one organization of over 10,000 staff, it seems the larger institutions that tookthis survey all have some sustainability program or practice in place at their museum.024681012141618100-499 500-9,999 10,000+ Not Reported#RespondentsAnnual AttendanceRelationship of Scale (by Attendance) to SustainabilityYesNoI dont know02468101214161-49 50-99 100-499 500-9,999 10,000+ Not Reported#RespondentsStaff RangeRelationship of Scale (by Staff Count) to SustainabilityYesNoI dont know
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 6Sustainability ProgramsOf the 30 survey respondents, 19 indicated they have a sustainability program or projects at theirorganization. Of the possible programs or projects, waste and recycling, office operations, buildingoperations, housekeeping, and building retrofits and new construction were above the 50thpercentile.The 19 sustainability programs were also asked what types of tracking they utilized. There was a largefall-off for this question, producing only 8 responses out of 17 at most.02468101214161820Cultural/HistoryArt/Architecture/DesignAgriculture/Forestry/NaturalHistoryOtherScience/TechnologyTransportationLiteratureAerospace/Aviation/AutomotiveRelationship of Museum Type to SustainabilityYesNoI dont know0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18Waste and recyclingOffice operationsBuilding operationsHousekeeping of non-collections areasGreen building, new constructionGreen building, retrofitsFood serviceEducationCollections managementOtherAddressed Categoriesof the 19 sustainability programs
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 7The most popular response to the sustainability tracking systems (total of 8) was the “other” option.There was one “other” response that indicated “energy management in-house software,” howevermost of the responses for this selection included “no” or “not sure” responses, indicating there is mightbe confusion around tracking sustainability or the survey question.The second most popular selection for the question of sustainability tracking is LEED (total of 8responses), in particular LEED for New Construction and Major Renovation (5 responses), but LEED forExisting Buildings (2 responses) and Commercial Interiors (1 response) also were selected by survey-takers. Custom tracking tools (3 responses) and greenhouse gas emissions inventories (2 responses)also were represented in the answers.There were several options that only resulted in one responses, such as Green Globes, Energy Star, andcarbon footprinting. While Green Globes does not have as much market saturation as LEED, andmethods for carbon footprinting can have a wide range of methods, it is surprising that feworganizations take advantage of the US DOE’s Energy Star program that includes their Portfolio Managertracking tool.Finally, the survey also presented several other sustainability tracking systems, such as Living BuildingChallenge, BREEAM, Passive House, or SCORE, which is more popular with business-orientedsustainability programs, and several more. There were no responses to many of these.Certifications, which involve third-party verification upon achieving particular goals established withincertain sustainability tracking systems, were also not very popular among the 19 survey respondentsthat indicated they have programs in their museums and organizations. The responses dropped-off to5, and of those, LEED programs seem most popular.0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9OtherLEED for New Construction and Major RenovationsCustom sustainability performance trackingLEED for Existing BuildingsGreenhouse Gas Emissions InventoryLEED for Commercial InteriorsGreen GlobesEnergy Star Portfolio ManagerCarbon FootprintSustainable Sites InitativeLiving Building ChallengeBREEAMPassive HouseEcological FootprintNatural StepISIS MethodSCORETracking Systemsof the 19 sustainability programs
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 8There were several (5) “other” responses, of which 4 indicated “none” or “no.” One organization notedthey are in the process of “working on LEED EBOM.”Qualitative Experiences with Sustainability ProgramsThe 19 surveys that represented organizations with sustainability programs were also asked qualitativequestions surrounding their experiences with sustainability tracking. The response rate from thesequestions was high, with many survey takers providing key insights to their programs and trackingcapacity. These included the following:• Description of any performance tracking, formal or informal;• Positive aspects of any formal certification experience(s);• Negative aspects of any formal certification experience(s);• Reasons for informal use of certification systems;• Aspects lacking in sustainability performance tracking.In these questions, formal certification refers to the actual third-party verification of meeting therequirements of a certification. For example, an organization may informally use the LEED greenbuilding systems as a guide, or they may actually apply for formal certification that their building meetsLEED standards. The same applies to other systems included in the survey, such as Green Globes or theLiving Building Challenge.The qualitative answers were analyzed by general theme, but all the actual responses are available inthe Appendix C:Qualitative Responses to Performance Tracking.0 1 2 3 4 5 6OtherLEED for New Construction and Major RenovationsLEED for Commercial InteriorsLEED for Existing BuildingsGreen GlobesSustainable Sites InitiativeLiving Building ChallengeEnergy Star RatingBREEAMPassive HouseCertificationsof the 19 sustainability programs
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 9Among the 17 respondents that indicated they have sustainability initiatives in their institution, theprimary themes of waste and recycling, lighting, and tracking and certification systems emerged. Therewere no clear strategies or indications of a consistent tracking mechanism, although LEED does emergeseveral times throughout the responses.0 1 2 3 4 5 6Waste and RecyclingLEED CertificationLightingTrack QuantitiesTrack EnergyTrack UtilitiesBenchmarkingSolarWaterHVACStaff TrainingMaterialsSolarGHG AuditsPrioritizationPortfolio ManagerNo TrackingNew ConstructionMajor RenovationEnergyExhibit ConstructionFoodPublic Education“For any performance tracking, formal or informal, please briefly describethe project(s).”0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5PRMarket saturationAccountabilityQualityDemonstrationMeasure progressStaff awarenessCommon senseReduce CostsPlease describe the positive aspects of any formal certificationexperience(s).
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 10The same group did clearly articulate that public relations opportunities were a key benefit to goingthrough formal certification. Other responses included accountability, quality, and reduction of cost,but none were as popular as the communications aspect of formal certification.On the other end, the negative aspects that came up were also varied. LEED’s certification process wasmentioned twice – one response indicated certification delays and another record-keepingrequirements. Other concerns included a range of issues from cost to complexity and a lack ofcomprehensive options for tracking.The time required for formal certification was one of the most popular responses, in particularrespondents were concerned with staffing time. High costs and lack of cost returns between informaland formal use were also mentioned. Several very detailed responses indicated that utilizing thecertification systems informally was just as effective as going through formal certification.0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5LEED certification processNot comprehensiveInaccurateNot museum-specificObsoleteComplexHigh costPlease describe the negative aspects of any formal certificationexperience(s).0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5TimeEffective without certificationHigh costNo requirementNo dollar returnLack of guidesFor any certifications that were used informally, please describe thereasons for not applying for formal certification.
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 11The survey respondents were also asked to give vignettes of their experiences with sustainability. Thefollowing are the some key responses.• Two museums reported lighting changes had saved them 15% and 30%, respectively, in energyconsumption;• One museum reported the use of GHG emissions tracking resulted in $30,000 in annual costsavings;• One museum reported that their sustainability efforts provided positive PR and led to NEHgrant funding;• One museum, an aquarium, noted their comprehensive water management, which includesreusing a decommissioned seal pool to harvest rainwater, as well as cisterns. The rainwater isused throughout the building for native plantings as well as sprinkler systems. The museum hascollected 40,000 gallons of water for these purposes thus far.Instead of vignettes, other respondents gave comments. Below are some of the key comments.• Two museums reported data compilation and sustainability audits are critical to achieving goals;• One museum noted the importance of collaboration;• Museums have been slow to take up sustainability, but “sustainability when the very heart oftheir purpose is preservation and informal learning.”To see the full qualitative responses, see Appendix C:Qualitative Responses to Performance Tracking.0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5Dedicated staffingFundingLEED is lackingStandardsEngagementLack of dataProcess too complicatedSpecificity to needsPlease describe the things you see as most lacking in sustainabilityperformance tracking.
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 12Future Sustainability ProgramsOf those respondents that indicated they did not, or didn’t know, if they currently have a sustainabilityprogram or project, 3 respondents indicated they may have a future sustainability program. Each of thethree organizations noted different timelines, from 6-12 months to 2-5 years.This group was also asked about the barriers to initiating a sustainability program in the future. Onlytwo responses were given. One indicated they have made a “small start” with recycling and phasedimplementation of energy efficient light bulbs, however, funding and time is barrier. The other responseindicated “We’re already as efficient as possible. There is nothing else on which to spend money and nobenefit from spending any more money.”All Organizations TrendsAll survey respondents were asked what types of additional information would be most helpful. Theupper 50thpercentile includes best-practices guides, tools or toolkits for implementation, case studiesfrom other museums, and sustainability performance tracking guidance. Respondents did not ratecustomized information or specific recommendations for certifications as highly.00.20.40.60.811.26 - 12 months 1 - 2 years 2 - 5 yearsFuture Sustainability Program Plansof the 11 no sustainability programs
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 13Among the five (5) “other” responses, survey-takers also wished for the following:• Forum debates;• Overall definition and framework;• Video presentations of case studies.One institution indicated that museums were “reasonably uninterested” in sustainability except as acost-savings measure and other offered a suggested a list to allow material or equipment sharing todivert waste.Organizations were also asked for their perceived top trends in sustainability.Some of the responses were harder to fit into an emerging trend category; however, the commentscould still be important to the survey goals. These responses included the following:0 5 10 15 20 25Best-practices guideTools or toolkits for implementationCase studies from other museumsSustainability performance tracking guidanceCustomized informationRecommendations for a particular certification orrating systemOtherPreferred Informationfrom all 30 respondents0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5EvaluationLED lightingAudience relevanceBuilding automation controlsFull cost accountingLeverage PREstablish targets and trackPartnershipsReuse of materialsSharing knowledgeNo standardsNo trendsEmerging trends in museum sustainability
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 14• LEED becoming the standard for publically-funded buildings;• Collections are central to museums, sustainability is secondary until there is a mandate;• Sustainability fits goals of public service;• Sustainability adds value to communities;• Museums need to widen HVAC operation standards;• Museums have experienced a market transformation in green building initiatives.ConclusionsAll in all, the survey results give an interesting picture of sustainability across 30 museums. Some veryinteresting case studies of energy, waste, and water initiatives have emerged via the qualitativequestions. In addition, museums have expressed both sides of the debate – ranging from commentsthat indicate the need to be more aggressive in promoting the relevance of sustainability to museums toother comments that sustainability is not a priority for museums among other competing concerns.While more data needs to be collected, there were some consistent responses, especially among thosemuseums that report having sustainability initiatives.• Importance of data, tracking, and benchmarking;• Need for standards for museums;• Emerging technologies;• LEED, while popular, is not without drawbacks.Further, in order to better understand the wider museum community, consisting of 986 accreditedmuseums, more data needs to be collected.
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 15Appendix A:Original surveyI. Tracking Sustainability Performance in MuseumsThe American Alliance of Museums PIC-Green would like to find out more about what museums are using toimplement sustainability in their operations and buildings. PIC-Green is a professional interest committee withinthe American Alliance of Museums that aims to establish museums as leaders in environmental stewardship andsustainability through education, advocacy, and service.Please fill out this survey and share your experience tracking sustainability performance in your museums. This mayinclude formal certifications, like LEED, or other sustainability metrics, like carbon footprints. Wed love to hearfrom in-house sustainability officers, consultants, or design professionals that have worked in museums. All scalesof museums are welcome - from the small historic house to a large institution!As a token of our appreciation, you will be entered into a drawing for one of five autographed copies of The GreenMuseum: A Primer on Environmental Practice, by Sarah Brophy and Elizabeth Wylie.Thank you for your time and input!Contact Information1) Please enter your contact info.First Name*: ____________________________________________Last Name*: ____________________________________________Title: ____________________________________________Organization: ____________________________________________Email Address*: ____________________________________________Phone Number: ____________________________________________Survey Instructions2) Please enter the museum name and location.Museum Name*: ____________________________________________City: ____________________________________________State: ____________________________________________Country*: ____________________________________________3) Please enter some basic information about your museum.Museum Annual Attendance( ) 1-49( ) 50-99( ) 100-499( ) 500-9,999( ) 10,000+( ) N/A
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 16Museum Staff Count( ) 1-49( ) 50-99( ) 100-499( ) 500-9,999( ) 10,000+( ) N/AMuseum IndustrySelect as many that apply.[ ] Art / Architecture / Design[ ] Aerospace / Aviation / Automotive[ ] Agriculture / Forestry / Natural History[ ] Cultural / History[ ] Literature[ ] Science / Technology[ ] Transportation[ ] OtherSustainability Initiatives4) Does this museum currently have a formal or informal sustainability program or practice?*This may include green committees, energy management of facilities, LEED certified buildings, or any scale ofsustainabiltiy initiatives.( ) Yes( ) No( ) I dont knowMuseums with Sustainability Initiatives5) Which of the following categories are addressed in the museums sustainability program?*Select as many that apply to your organization.[ ] Green building, new construction[ ] Green building, retrofits[ ] Building operations[ ] Office operations[ ] Collections management[ ] Education[ ] Food service[ ] Housekeeping of non-collections areas[ ] Waste and recycling
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 17[ ] Other (please specify)6) Does the museum track sustainability performance using any of the following certifications, metrics, orguidelines?*Tracking may include informal internal usage, or third-party verified audits. You may select as many that apply. Ifyou would like more information on any of the sustainability performance tracking methods below, please see ourresources page.[ ] LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations[ ] LEED for Existing Buildings[ ] LEED for Commercial Interiors[ ] Sustainable Sites Initiative[ ] Green Globes[ ] Living Building Challenge[ ] Energy Star Portfolio Manager[ ] BREEAM[ ] Passive House[ ] Carbon Footprint[ ] Ecological Footprint[ ] Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory[ ] Natural Step[ ] ISIS Method[ ] SCORE[ ] Custom sustainability performance tracking[ ] Other (please specify)7) Has the museum become certified in any of the following rating systems? This question applies to formal,third-party certification processes only.[ ] LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations[ ] LEED for Existing Buildings[ ] LEED for Commercial Interiors[ ] Sustainable Sites Initiative[ ] Green Globes[ ] Living Building Challenge[ ] Energy Star Rating[ ] BREEAM[ ] Passive House[ ] Other (please specify)
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 188) For any performance tracking, formal or informal, please briefly describe the project(s).9) Please describe the positive aspects of any formal certification experience(s).10) Please describe the negative aspects of any formal certification experience(s).11) For any certifications that were used informally, please describe the reasons for not applying for formalcertification.Informal use of certification systems may include internal audits, case studies, or any use that does not include anapplication into the certifying organization.12) Please describe the things you see as most lacking in sustainability performance tracking.13) Please give a vignette related to sustainability and museums that would be a good to share with the market.Please give a vignette related to sustainability and your organization that would be a good to share with the market.Museums without Sustainability Initiatives14) Is your museum planning on initiating a sustainability program in the future?*( ) Yes( ) No( ) I dont knowMuseums with No Future Sustainability Plans15) Please describe why you believe the museum will not engage in sustainability initiatives in the future.Museums with Future Sustainability Plans16) When do you plan to initiate such a program?*( ) 0 - 6 months( ) 6 - 12 months( ) 1 - 2 years( ) 2 - 5 years( ) 5+ years17) Please describe the top trends you see moving forward for museums and sustainability.18) What type of information might be valuable for this museums future sustainability initiative?*[ ] Best-practices guide[ ] Sustainability performance tracking guidance[ ] Recommendations for a particular certification or rating system[ ] Case studies from other museums
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 19[ ] Tools or toolkits for implementation[ ] Customized information (i.e. consulting)[ ] Other (please specify)19) Would you be willing to participate in developing a more detailed case study?*Case studies may range from small sustainability efforts, to large organization-wide programs - we are interested inall scales!( ) Yes( ) NoThank You!Thank you for taking our survey. Your response is very important to us.If you would like more information on any of the sustainability performance tracking methods mentioned inthis survey, please see our resources page.If you have any questions, please feel free to connect with us at the PIC-Green website or follow us onTwitter.Follow @PICGreen
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 20Appendix B:MethodologyThe survey was developed as a PIC-Green project. Initial ideas were to develop an understanding of thestate of sustainability in museums, this includes the following:• To understand the types of sustainability initiatives (scope and basis) museums areimplementing;• To begin understanding the museums’ experiences with tracking sustainability;• To gain a sense of the tools and resources that might help museum sustainability initiatives.As such, the survey is targeted at three (3) groups of respondents. Group A includes museums that haveimplemented sustainability programs. This group was asked questions regarding the specific types ofinitiatives, as well as tracking systems such as certifications or metrics. Further, Group A was also askedto give qualitative responses about their experiences with sustainability programs and tracking as well aswhat sustainability resources they would find helpful.Group B included museums that might implement sustainability initiatives in the future. Their line ofquestioning included the timeframe for implementation, and the same resources questions asked ofGroup A.Finally, Group C includes museums that responded that they did not currently and will not havesustainability initiatives in the future. They were only asked a qualitative question of why they chosenot to incorporate sustainability in their museums.The surveys were distributed via social media, AAM PIC-Green’s mailing lists, and personal connectionsthrough the three survey coordinators. In particular, the social media included the following:• Twitter @greenmuseum;• Linkedin Groups: Minnesota Association of Museums, Environmental Leader, AmericanAssociation for State and Local History, Environmental Evaluators Network.The overall timeframe for distribution was from November 2012 to February 2013. The first launch viasocial media occurred in November, and there was a re-launch in January 16, 2013. The primarygeographic focus of the survey was the U.S., however, there were also several responses frominternational museums.
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 21Appendix C:Qualitative Responses to Performance TrackingFor any performance tracking, formal or informal, please briefly describe the project(s). IDWe do an annual greenhouse gas emissions audit that includes our energy, water, waste, and resource-use (fleet vehicle fuel and office paper). This allows us to prioritize hot-spots. We also use the samemetric to evaluate new sustainability initiatives.3Electrical usage was our biggest goal. Using locally produced wood was another. 18Whenever possible we measure and record our conservation efforts (tons of food composted, gallons ofwater used, pounds of batteries recycled, etc.). This gives us a good comparison to past year’s workand helps us adaptively manage our efforts. This data is consolidated into annual reports on internalconservation efforts.20We track the amount of material we recycle with our waster company 27We have not tracked performance changes before and after green changes. 29Chippewa Nature Center’s Margaret Ann (Ranny) Riecker Nature Preschool building (completed in2009) has been awarded a LEED Gold Certification from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). This isthe first Gold Certified building in Midland County. There are eight other LEED certified buildings in theGreat Lakes Bay Region, only one of which is also Gold Certified – the Michigan Department ofEnvironmental Quality (MDEQ), located in Bay City. Some features of our Nature Preschool buildinginclude: • Solar hot water collectors to heat domestic water • 10kW solar panel (photovoltaicarray) • Geothermal wells and heat exchanger to provide heating and cooling of the building through aradiant floor system • Locally and on-site harvested lumber for exterior and interior finishes • Useof overhangs and windows to provide for ample harvesting of daylight, as well as use of naturalventilation through operable windows high and low in the building • Highly insulated building throughuse of Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) construction • Water conservation through use of dual-flushtoilets • Finishes are no VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) to improve indoor air quality • Rainwaterharvesting with rain barrels The building was designed by The Kubala Washatko Architects of Cedarburg,Wisconsin. Rockford Construction of Grand Rapids, Michigan served as the project’s constructionmanager. The construction of the building was completed by local contractors from the Great Lakes BayRegion including Answer Heating & Cooling, Hatfield Construction, Harbron Electric, Helger Constructionand many other local subcontractors. The building is the home of Chippewa Nature Center’s NaturePreschool, which serves 88 children using a nature-based curriculum. The goal of the program is to helpchildren build a life-long connection to nature through frequent, positive outdoor experiences. Having aLEED Gold Certified building is an outward demonstration of the philosophy of the program housedwithin.32The program we are planning to implement will include tracking waste and recycling statistics. Unsureyet what other performance areas we may track. Physical plant issues are already monitored by anotherdepartment on campus.33The Museums expansion/renovation project, completed in 2011, has been submitted for LEEDcertification and approved at the Gold level. Because we are only three points from Platinum, we havenot yet accepted certification and are currently seeking funds for on-site power generation (solar panels)that would qualify us for the higher rating.441. Upgrade to LED fixtures in Gallery, currently up to 900 fixtures. 2.The gallery has begun trackingmetrics of energy consumption, mining 10 years of existing data to benchmark against the next 10 years.3. The gallery has provided staff with occupancy training56http://fieldmuseum.org/explore/greener-field-recycling 68
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 22For any performance tracking, formal or informal, please briefly describe the project(s). IDComEd Smart Ideas for your Business audit. Lighting and HVAC energy efficient opportunities evaluationEnergy Star utility consumption trending71Internal Recycling Use of energy efficient bulbs Energy Audits in past Installation of wi 74Exhibition construction and build out 80LEED 81The Museums Sustainable Initiatives Team focuses on encouraging positive staff behaviors and selectsvarious in-building projects annually. The team is made up of one representative from each departmentand is staff-run.94Resource Conservation Project with ASHRAE audits level 1, 2, rxc, capital improvements for HVAC andlighting upgrades leading to LEED EBOM, Portfolio Manager used for self comparison for LEED98Utility consumption is bench marked on 2007 and each of the following years is compared to the benchmark utilizing actual consumption data measured by respective utility metrics.101Please describe the positive aspects of any formal certification experience(s). IDEasy to communicate sustainability efforts when you can cite that you are "___" certified. If thecertification is popular enough (such as LEED), it is a good selling point for new audiences.3We found no reasonable way to spend money tracking common senese. 18We have not done any formal certifications. 29We are pleased to demonstrate in a public way our support for green construction and environmentaldesign. We strive to be a model for other individuals and institutions in our region.32n/a 33Uniformly positive. Our commissioning agent was able to hold the engineers feet to the fire until wefinally got modifications (paid by the engineer!) to the HVAC which permit it to operate properly. Thiswould not have happened if we had not embraced the LEED process.44n/a 56Outside recognition lends credence to our attempts to green the buildings operations 68No formal certifications pursued 71Ability to benchmark progress 80PR 81none 94Raise awareness through out staff. 98Avoid Cost has far outpaced industry increase in all areas. 101Please describe the negative aspects of any formal certification experience(s). IDNo single certification is comprehensive of all sustainability initiatives, so there has to be multiple. Thecost involved is also a negative.3Obsolete or inaccurate standards orther than Energy Star 18We have not done any formal certifications. 29
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 23While our building construction was completed in 2009, the LEED certification process was just finalizedin mid-2012. There were several problems with the LEED system not recognizing our detailed monitoringprocess, which led to delays and three years of frustration.32Though we havent started one, most seem incredibly complex. 33Really, none to speak of. 44n/a 56No formal certifications pursued 71Formal certifications fail to address adequately the unique aspects of museum operations andenvironments80none 94LEED review period is very record keeping heavy, creating stress amoung staff. 98Program restraints have been in area of capitol funding not being available to maximize energyconservation project implementation101For any certifications that were used informally, please describe the reasons for not applying forformal certification.IDThe LEED checklist has been used in the design process for several renovation projects without movingforward to formal certification.3No local boards or guides. 18In 2011, the Aquarium engaged a third-party group to perform a sustainability review using the LEED-EBprogram as a template. Various aspects of the buildings, including mechanical, electrical and plumbingsystems, operational schedules and policies and the site itself were evaluated. A feasibility report forcertification was created based on this information, on-site visits, and interviews with 20 Aquariumstakeholders. The report outlines what sustainable processes are already in place, what policies need tobe defined, and what opportunities lay ahead. At the time, it was decided not to pursue certification.While we were well within reach of certification, large-scale capital improvements to energyperformance are needed. However, the review has been very beneficial: it has served as a framework asthe leadership team develops short and long-term goals; Capital Projects plans to use the report toexplore feasibility of major recommendation to re-commission all major systems or options for solarenergy; and a well of information for the Conservation Task Force.20The cost of certification has kept us from applying for formal certifications. 29n/a 33Not required by University at design/development stage 56Short staffed and not able to get to this. 71Time and budget and certifications that dont apply to the main emphasis of our work- exhibitions. 80none 94Staffing restrictions is primary reason for not applying for formal certification. Man hours have beendevoted to implementation providing positive cash flow, vs formal certification which has no monetaryvalue101
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 24Please describe the things you see as most lacking in sustainability performance tracking. IDTransparency of method and consistency of method. Transparency and consistency would allow forbenchmarking across institutions and organizations. Whereas, right now, we only benchmark internallywith our campuses of buildings.3For smaller public places--the lack of real goals that show up in the bottom line. 18“Green Teams†place where ideas for green projects & programs are identified and expertise from individualdepartments is offered. But the team is only the resource – the job, such as documenting and trackingperformance, must lie within assigned staff. Many certification programs require extensivedocumentation and tracking that already packed workloads cannot take on. Dedicated positions withdecision-making authority, such as a Sustainability Coordinator or Sustainability Department, canfacilitate this, but not many organizations provide this support.20Funding to perform. For instane, it would be good to have funds to do a carbon footprint analysis 27We dont have the people to enter the data that would get us started with our sustainability tracking. 29The certification process was overly complicated and lengthy. Having to jump through so many hoopsand go back and forth so many times led to a process which would be overly difficult for many.32Perhaps some lack of standards or standardization in what or how things or measured. For thosestandards that do exist, an inability to measure them in the conventionally accepted means for thatstandard.33we dont do it! 38LEED: Lacking is an appropriate recognition of the value of re-use of existing structures. No penalty fortearing down one building in order to build a "green" one in its place.44Inconsistent amount of base data for ten year period of trended information 56Internationally accepted standards/benchmarks. Both for a baseline as well as progress-oriented. 68The time to formally track sustainability initiatives 71Questioning of conservation standards and a one size fits all approach 80LEED is a marginal system that only addresses Sustainabilty in a superficial and short term manner. 81For those of us at small sites, the staff time to manage tracking is difficult to allocate and maintainconsistently.92As far as I am aware, we do not track our sustainability performance. Beginning such a program wouldbe beneficial to strengthen the Museums mission.94Education-social interation 98Having the time and the funding to dedicate staff to this imitative, knowing the end result shows notcontribution the budget bottom line101Please give a vignette related to sustainability and museums that would be a good to share with themarket.IDOur sustainability tracking has allowed us to identify over 50 sustainability strategies that saved us over$30,000 a year on utility bills, and diverted 300,000 kg of greenhouse gas emissions. This was done witha targeted effort, using greenhouse gas emissions and return-on-investment measures to find the bestinitiatives for our organization.3
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 25Please give a vignette related to sustainability and museums that would be a good to share with themarket.IDThe quickest and best thing for our museum was to switch out the lighting to natural light bulbs withabout 30% lower energy usage.18At the Aquarium, we are committed to conservation. It is in everything we do. But this is no small task.As we care for thousands of animals, repair aging buildings, provide for millions of visitors and engagehundreds of staff, we must use our resources wisely and hope we inspire others follow our lead. Oneexample that we are proud of is one that began as a way to reduce waste and found future life savingone of the most essential natural resources – water. Our seal pool exhibit was once a major attractionto Baltimore Inner Harbor visitors and the sight of a famous "swim" by then Mayor William DonaldSchaefer on our opening day in 1981. When the seal pool was covered over to make room for theexpansion in 2005, it was decided not to demolish it, but to harvest rainwater in the pool to irrigatenative plants in our plaza. Rainwater is collected from our roof into a cistern, which is connected to thesprinkler system in the waterfront park. We estimate conservatively that we would use 40,000 gallons ofcollected water each season. Unless we have a severe drought, we will not have to use domestic waterto irrigate the plaza area at all! As we share this story, we hoping guests will be inspired on many levels:to find new use for old items, to create their own rain barrel at home, and choose native plants for theirhome gardens.20Weve replaced almost 3000 of our gallery halogen bulbs with LEDs, and were expecting a 15%reduction in our electricity costs.29Were too infant in our progress to have any good stories. 33Our goal at Yale University Art Gallery is to be the most sustainable/Green College Art Gallery in the U.S.We plan to achieve this goal through collaborations with students, staff, and colleagues, in and out ofthe University environment, to pull data and compile it into a basic picture of our last ten years ofconsumption. From this compilation we can move forward with tracking and eventual mass reductionsleading towards our ultimate goal of sustainability56The Field Museum constantly strives to improve our building operations so that they match ourcommitment to improving sustainability locally and internationally.68Its taking a long time for Museums to live up to their potential to lead in sustainability when the veryheart of their purpose is preservation and informal learning.80Our sustainability efforts have gained us positive PR in the community, and helped us acheive NEH grantfunding.92A Frank O Geary designed museum, which has obtained LEED EBOM certification. 98Base line facility audit is critical to any sustainability program and the accuracy of metrics to measureachieved results, positive or negative.101
    • PIC-Green Summit on Sustainability in Museums 26What type of information might be valuable for this museums future sustainability initiative?* Other Responses IDAs far as I know, this museum remains reasonably uninterested in sustainability, except as a cost-savingmeasure103Is there list to offer material or equipment that is not any more usefull: e.g. crates used for loan, reallynice but we have no storage space and rarely re-used them. It ould be noce t ofind a way to give themaway.35More forums for debating this topic- go Sarah! 80overall definition and framework 81Video presentations with case studies on how to get started 33