Day 2 3 urbanization and implications for lgld-kodjo

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  • 1. Urban Governance & Development Challenges and its implications for theLGLD Strategy in the light of the MoU with UN Habitat November 2012 1
  • 2. 1. URBANIZATION TRENDS Future World Population Growth: Overwhelmingly Urban 2
  • 3. 1. URBANIZATION TRENDS Population Growth: Predominantly in Cities of Poor Countries 2% 9% 18% 57% 91% 32% 50% 34% 7%Source: UN UrbanizationProspects 2005 3
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  • 8. 2. URBANIZATION : Urban Challenge• Increasing urban population• Continual migratory trend• Higher urban trend in poor countries• Development and expansion of urban slums• Urban managers are overwhelmed• Growing towns are dysfunctional• Abuse of rights especially minority• Focus on physical issues – landuseIndia alone the increase in urban population exceeds U.S. population. 8
  • 9. 2. URBANIZATION : Implications• Growth in urban poverty• Informality grows• High level of exclusion• Inadequate public service delivery• Capacity and capabilities of urban managers challenged• Human rights abuses (ejection)• Environmental degradation• Mounting health hazards and risk exposure 9
  • 10. Urbanization and Per capita Income Kenya 1960-2003 10
  • 11. Urbanization and Per Capita Income Brazil 1960-2003 11
  • 12. Urbanization - UNDP Responses• Municipal Poverty Support• Urban poverty reduction policy• Increasing household Resilience• Promoting participation in Urban Governance• Pro-poor land & housing access• Waste Management• Environmentally sound infrastructure• Urban governance assessment• Urban observatory• Capacity development for Land management• Local Economic Development• HIV/AIDS Management in urban areas 12
  • 13. Urbanization – MoU with HABITATi.Effective advocacy and monitoring of urban issues andpartnershipsii. Promotion of participatory urban planning,management and governanceiii. Promotion of pro-poor land and housingiv. Environmentally sound basic urban infrastructure andservicesv. Strengthened human settlement finance systems 13
  • 14. Urbanization – Integrated LGLD Implications• Focus on the Added Value of UNDP to the Urban governance and development process• Integrated Urban governance and development approach• Focus on rights based approach• UNDP to focus on the pro-poor dimension• Focus on areas of impact on marginalized and vulnerable urban groups – Youth, Women, Migrants, Indigenous groups• Harness the varied capacity within UNDP towards urban governance 14
  • 15. Urbanization- Areas of focus for UNDP• Urban Policy development • Create the platform for urban actors• Influencing perception and psychology of urban development: Spatial to Integrated – LGA, Training Institutions; Urban Advocacy groups etc.• Capacity support to urban/city managers• Specific Capacity city initiatives: • Response to informal dwellers • Urban security • Waste management & CC adaptation • Facilitating Local Economic Development • Urban security • Urban focused decentralized cooperation 15
  • 16. Urbanization- Way Forward• Inventory of UNDP Urban initiatives• Organize existing UNDP urban initiatives into knowledge documents• Select focus areas for integrated responses• Dialogue with UN-Habitat to define areas of emphasis with respect to selected focus areas• Select focus countries for integrated urban governances and development approach• Crucial aspect is Key areas of focus for the Integrated Urban Governance and Development 16