Grammar book mckenzie


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Grammar book mckenzie

  1. 1. Gramatica de Libro By: McKenzie Feyerabend
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1) Front Cover 2) Table of Contents 3) Present tense 4) Stem changers 5) Irregular 6) Saber vs. Conocer 7) Reflexives 8) Se impersonal 9) Verbs like gustar 10) Irregular verbs 11) Hacer expressions 12) Imperfect 13) Preterite tense 14) Comparatives/ Superlatives 15) Future
  3. 3. Presente – Ar, Er, Ir verbos Ar Er Ir-o -o -o-as -es -es-a -e -e-amos -emos -imos-an -en -en
  4. 4. Stem Change ―e‖ se convierte a ―ie‖ ―e‖ se convierte a ―I‖ ―o‖ se convierte a ―ue‖ ―u‖ se convierte a ―ue‖--No se cambian en el nosotrosni vosotros
  5. 5. Irregulares en el presente ―go‖, ―zco‖, y los demas verbos
  6. 6. Saber vs. Conocer •Both mean to know. •Irregular in yo form. (Se, conozco)Saber- Used to Conocer- Usedexpress knowledge to expressof facts. familiarity with places or people.
  7. 7. ReflexivesMe Te Se Nos Se El tiene que banarse. Command: Banate Conjugated verb: Te banas
  8. 8. Se Impersonal Passive voice- No specific person Reciprocal action
  9. 9. Verbs like Gustar In english we use ―liking‖, but in spanish it doesn’t exist. Example: Maria le gusta escuela. It is more direct.
  10. 10. Hacer Expressions
  11. 11. Irregular—Cucharacha verbs•Andar- Anduve •Conducir- Conduj•Estar- Estuv •Producir- Produj•Poder- Pude •Traducir- Traduj•Poner- Pus •Decir- Dij•Quere- Quis •Traer- Traj•Saber- Sup•Tener- Tuv•Vener- Vin
  12. 12. -Uir/guir, -cer/cir, -ger/gir•Gu-O en yo. (E-I)•Cer/cir- (c-z) en yo•(c-zc)
  13. 13. Irregular--SpockIR/SER DAR/VER• Fui •I• Fuiste •Iste• Fue •Io• Fuimos •Imos• Fueron HACER •ieron •Hice •Hiciste •Hizo •Hicimos •hicieron
  14. 14. El Imperfecto-- snakesIn third personLeer, creer, oir change the I to Y in third person.
  15. 15. El imperfecto Used to express actions in the past that occurred repeatedly or over a long period of time.
  16. 16. Preterite-tense verbs with spelling Pedir (e>i) Dormir (o>u)Pedi DormiPediste DormistePedio DurmioPedimos DormimosPediesteis DormisteisPidieron Durmieron
  17. 17. Preterite Endings: e, aste, o, amos, aron Past action that is completed. Triggers:
  18. 18. Comparatives/Superlatives Mas..que - more than Menos…que - less than Tan…como - as (much) as Tanto…como - as much Definite article + noun + mas or menos + adjective
  19. 19. Future Endings: e, as, a, emos, an Irregulars: poner– pondre. Decir– dire Triggers:
  20. 20. Ser vs. Estar SER ESTAR•Descriptions •Health•Origin De.. •Emotions•Characteristics •Location•Time •Present Condition•Occupation •ING- Ar>ando•Relationships •Er/Ir> iendo/yendo•Events•Dates
  21. 21. Dipthongs with accentsVerbs like estudiar and limpiar do not require accents because the stress is not placed on the ―I‖
  22. 22. Hacer + ___ + que + ___ Adjectivos Mas, menos, tan, tanto
  23. 23. Ser vs. EstarSER ESTAR Descriptions-Lapiz, Cuaderno Health- bien, mal Origin de..Mexico, Peru Emotions-Triste Characteristics- alto, baja Time- Es la una, Son las Location- la case, la escuela Occupation- doctor Present Condition- Relationships-Hermano/ sucio, cerrado hermanastro Possession- De quien es.. Events- De la clase, fiesta Dates- Lunes, Martes
  24. 24. Table of Contents parte dos! Preterite/Imperfect Future/Conditional Por Para Por vs. para Commands Present Perfect Double Object pronouns Adverbs Subjunctive Se Impersonal
  25. 25. Preterite vs. ImperfectoEndings:  Used to expresse, aste, o, amo actions in thes, aron past thatPast action occurred that is repeatedly or completed. over a long period of time.
  26. 26. Future/ Conditional Helps you talk about what would happen under certain conditions. Irregular stem- same endings.Dicir Dire Diria Endings— • Ia • Ias • Ia • Iamos • ian
  27. 27. Por Motion Destination Purpose or goal Recepient of something operation "¿Por qué?" means "Why?" (for what reason) while "¿Para qué?―means "Why?" (for what purpose).
  28. 28. Para• Destination• Deadline or specific time in the future• Purpose or goal• Recipient of something• Comparisions with other or to give an opinion• In the employ of
  29. 29. Por VS Para Motion • Destination Destination • Deadline or specific time in Purpose or goal the future Recepient of • Purpose or goal something operation • Recipient of something "¿Por qué?" means • Comparisions with other or "Why?" (for what to give an opinion reason) while "¿Para • In the employ of qué?―means "Why?" (for what purpose).
  30. 30. Commands! Used to tell someone to do something.Ejemplo: Haga la tarea. (Do your homework)
  31. 31. Present Perfect It means ―has‖ or ―have‖ done something. I have studied he estudio.• Place He before the verb. Has Ha Hemos Han
  32. 32. Double Object Pronouns When a direct object pronoun and an indirect object pronoun are in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun goes before the DO pronoun. Ejemplo: Ellan me los dicen. Make it negative by putting no before the pronouns. Ejemplo: No me lo dice.
  33. 33. Adverbs Adverbs usually have ~mente at the end of the word. It is like -ly in english. rapidamente mal perfectamente
  34. 34. Subjunctives• Indicate mood• states facts, actions, and attitudes• Ar- e, es, e, emos, en• Er- a, as, a, amos, an• Irregular- • dar, estar, ir, saber, ser, hay• Dar- de, des, de, demos, den
  35. 35. Se impersonal se= one/people ¿Se puede nadar en el lago? Can you swim in the lake? / Can one swim in the lake? Se is used as the reflexive pronoun for third- person uses (including when usted or ustedes is the subject).
  36. 36. Progressive w/ Ir, Andar, ySeguir + ando/iendo/yendo Is slowly but surely ___ing Ir + ando/iendo/yendoAndar Is going around ___ingSeguir + ando/iendo/yendo Is still ____ing (e-i)