Preterite Endings: e, aste, o, amos, aron Past action that is completed. Triggers:
Comparatives/Superlatives Mas..que - more than Menos…que - less than Tan…como - as (much) as Tanto…como - as much Definite article + noun + mas or menos + adjective
Future Endings: e, as, a, emos, an Irregulars: poner– pondre. Decir– dire Triggers:
Ser vs. Estar SER ESTAR•Descriptions •Health•Origin De.. •Emotions•Characteristics •Location•Time •Present Condition•Occupation •ING- Ar>ando•Relationships •Er/Ir> iendo/yendo•Events•Dates
Dipthongs with accentsVerbs like estudiar and limpiar do not require accents because the stress is not placed on the ―I‖
Hacer + ___ + que + ___ Adjectivos Mas, menos, tan, tanto
Ser vs. EstarSER ESTAR Descriptions-Lapiz, Cuaderno Health- bien, mal Origin de..Mexico, Peru Emotions-Triste Characteristics- alto, baja Time- Es la una, Son las Location- la case, la escuela Occupation- doctor Present Condition- Relationships-Hermano/ sucio, cerrado hermanastro Possession- De quien es.. Events- De la clase, fiesta Dates- Lunes, Martes
Table of Contents parte dos! Preterite/Imperfect Future/Conditional Por Para Por vs. para Commands Present Perfect Double Object pronouns Adverbs Subjunctive Se Impersonal
Preterite vs. ImperfectoEndings: Used to expresse, aste, o, amo actions in thes, aron past thatPast action occurred that is repeatedly or completed. over a long period of time.
Future/ Conditional Helps you talk about what would happen under certain conditions. Irregular stem- same endings.Dicir Dire Diria Endings— • Ia • Ias • Ia • Iamos • ian
Por Motion Destination Purpose or goal Recepient of something operation "¿Por qué?" means "Why?" (for what reason) while "¿Para qué?―means "Why?" (for what purpose).
Para• Destination• Deadline or specific time in the future• Purpose or goal• Recipient of something• Comparisions with other or to give an opinion• In the employ of
Por VS Para Motion • Destination Destination • Deadline or specific time in Purpose or goal the future Recepient of • Purpose or goal something operation • Recipient of something "¿Por qué?" means • Comparisions with other or "Why?" (for what to give an opinion reason) while "¿Para • In the employ of qué?―means "Why?" (for what purpose).
Commands! Used to tell someone to do something.Ejemplo: Haga la tarea. (Do your homework)
Present Perfect It means ―has‖ or ―have‖ done something. I have studied he estudio.• Place He before the verb. Has Ha Hemos Han
Double Object Pronouns When a direct object pronoun and an indirect object pronoun are in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun goes before the DO pronoun. Ejemplo: Ellan me los dicen. Make it negative by putting no before the pronouns. Ejemplo: No me lo dice.
Adverbs Adverbs usually have ~mente at the end of the word. It is like -ly in english. rapidamente mal perfectamente
Subjunctives• Indicate mood• states facts, actions, and attitudes• Ar- e, es, e, emos, en• Er- a, as, a, amos, an• Irregular- • dar, estar, ir, saber, ser, hay• Dar- de, des, de, demos, den
Se impersonal se= one/people ¿Se puede nadar en el lago? Can you swim in the lake? / Can one swim in the lake? Se is used as the reflexive pronoun for third- person uses (including when usted or ustedes is the subject).
Progressive w/ Ir, Andar, ySeguir + ando/iendo/yendo Is slowly but surely ___ing Ir + ando/iendo/yendoAndar Is going around ___ingSeguir + ando/iendo/yendo Is still ____ing (e-i)