16th Century – Spain and Portugal began to settle.An interesting mix of traditional Andean Music styles with Spanish and Portuguese Music which was also influenced by the complex rhythms of Africa with the advent of slavery.Leno Verde (Green Wood).INTRO – name the instrument.Section 1 – panpipe enters. Describe what you hear. Panpipe phrase is echoed by a second panpipe.Section 2 – 1st panpipe with main melody, repeated by the 2nd panpipe. (repeated x2)Transition – charango + voiceSection 3 – panpipe. How many notes does its theme here have? Three notes that are echoed by a 2nd panpipeENDING – how does the piece end?Have students clap the rhythmic pattern played by the panpipe. Practice pulse AGAINST rhythm.
Important points:4/4 timeKey of E MinorFour part pitched composition played togetherRepetitionSyncopated rhythmsABA (ternary) formThe piece begins with an ostinato – played by a drum. This pattern is repeated throughout. 2 1 1, (ec – cua-dor)
Never studied music officially and was a self taught composer/musician.Traveled around much of Brazil to learn about folk/traditional music.Innovative use of percussion instruments to create images in his music.
NB 3. is made up of a dotted crotchet, quaver tied to a dotted quaver, semi quaver tied to a quaver, and a quaver (2/4 time)
Music from SouthAmericaHealth and Social EducationHow do the Arts promote social responsibility and a balancedlifestyle?
What do you already know? Working with a partner try and write down as much as possible under the following headings: Countries in South America South American music styles and genres Instruments used in South American Music The names of any composers of musicians from South America
Leno Verde (Green Let’s start at Wood).the beginning! INTRO – name the instrument. Andean MusicThe oldest Music from Latin Section 1 – panpipe America – from the native enters. Descibe what you Indians who live in the hear. Andean Mountains. ‘Ancient’ instruments like Section 2 – 1st panpipe panpipes, flutes, guitars, with main melody, repeated by the 2nd harps, and drums. panpipe. Spanish and Portugusese explorers brought with them Transition – charango +their own sounds and dances voice when they arrived and this‘fused’ with the native Indian Section 3 – panpipe. How styles. many notes does its Tango (Argentina); Samba theme here have?and Bossa Nove (Brazil); Salsa and Rhumba (Cuba) ENDING – how does the piece end?
Extra listeningWhat two instruments do you hear at the start? Listen to the panpipes insection 1. they SEEM to copy each other. Write down the SIMILARITIES and DIFFIERENCES. Match the graphic scores to each section.
Rhythms of the Andes We are going to learn Floreo de Llamas ; this is a popular Andean piece of music. Together we will talk about some important parts of the score before we play it together. Practice the four pitched accompaniments. Use untuned percussion for the ostinato parts (R1) Finally play the melody. Now lets put it all together. How can we improve our performance?
Music from Brazil Brazilian music has a rich history and many exciting different styles. Carnival music, samba, and bossa nova all come from Brazil. Features of Brazilian music (and many other Latin American music styles) include:Use of the spanish decima song formAfrican syncopated rhythmscall – response vocal techniquesEuropean harmony
Samba music The samba is seen as the national music of Brazil Its origins are traced back to Anogla and Congo in Africa where it was a dance Samba rhythms were mixed with European harmonies from Portugal The result was SAMBA! Samba first became well known early in the 20th century where it emerged from Rio De Janeiro’s immigrant African American culture. The samba beat is a syncopated rhythm in 2/4 time – usually played by the surdo
Bossa Nova Bossa nova music is an offshoot of Samba music. It literally means ‘new beat’ It became popular in the USA because of 3 men (J. Gilberto, A. Jobim, and S. Getz) who collaborated on the hit song Girl from Impanema Bossa nova is a lighter form of samba, with less of a percussive feel, and more complicated harmonies.
One note SambaThis is just a little samba built upon a single note,Other notes are bound to follow but the root is still that note.Now the new one is the consequence of the on we’ve justbeen through,As I’m bound to be the unavoidable consequence of you.
Composer : Villa Lobos One of Brazil’s most famous composers. Wanted Brazilian music to have it’s own national flavour. Used folk music elements and Brazilian instruments in his works. The little Train of Caipira – this piece was written as Lobos was riding on a steam engine taking fruit plantation workers to work in Brazil.
The Little Train of the Caipira1. How does Lobos use instruments and instrumental techniques to show the following? The engine building steam Leaving the station Slowing down to approach the station Letting off steam2. How does the piece end?3. What is the syncopated rhythm that features in the main melody?
Carnival Samba! Read through the assessment tasks carefully.