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Lesson guide

  1. 1. Musical Savants How is Form and Structure used in the arts? Human IngenuityTuesday, February 14, 12
  2. 2. Let’s start at the very beginning ...Tuesday, February 14, 12
  3. 3. Let’s start at the very beginning ... What do YOU already know about Western Music?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  4. 4. Let’s start at the very beginning ... What do YOU already know about Western Music? Brainstorm your ideas.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  5. 5. Let’s start at the very beginning ... What do YOU already know about Western Music? Brainstorm your ideas. Compare your brainstorm with a neighbour. How does your knowledge differ?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  6. 6. What do YOU think? List five adjectives to describe Western Art Music. Who do you think Western Art Music appeals to and why? How has Western Art Music influenced musicians in the past and today? Do you agree that Western Art Music has a place in our community now and in the future? Why/why not.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  7. 7. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 450 850 1250 1650 2050Tuesday, February 14, 12
  8. 8. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  9. 9. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICALTuesday, February 14, 12
  10. 10. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  11. 11. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  12. 12. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 Middle Ages 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  13. 13. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 Middle Ages Baroque 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  14. 14. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 Renaissance Middle Ages Baroque 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  15. 15. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 Renaissance Classical Middle Ages Baroque 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  16. 16. Timeline 650 1050 1450 1850 Renaissance Classical Middle Ages Baroque Romantic 450 850 1250 1650 2050 Where would you put the following words on the timeline? RENAISSANCE ROMANTIC BAROQUE MIDDLE AGES CLASSICAL Why? What do you already know about these eras?Tuesday, February 14, 12
  17. 17. The Middle AgesTuesday, February 14, 12
  18. 18. Context “Life in the Middle Ages” Church was central to Medieval life division between social classes : nobles/ peasants/clergy one Hundred years war and the plague (mid 1300’s) Monastry monopolised educationTuesday, February 14, 12
  19. 19. Musical characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: “O Successors” - Hildegard of Bingen “Alleluia Vidimus Stellam” - anon Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  20. 20. Musical Characteristics SECULAR MUSIC Listen to the following song and describe the musical elements below: Melody Texture Structure “Estampie”Tuesday, February 14, 12
  21. 21. ElementsTuesday, February 14, 12
  22. 22. Elements Vocal music (church frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan).Tuesday, February 14, 12
  23. 23. Elements Vocal music (church frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan). GREGORIAN CHANTTuesday, February 14, 12
  24. 24. Elements Vocal music (church frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan). GREGORIAN CHANT flexible rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  25. 25. Elements Vocal music (church frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan). GREGORIAN CHANT flexible rhythm melody moves by stepTuesday, February 14, 12
  26. 26. Elements Vocal music (church frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan). GREGORIAN CHANT flexible rhythm melody moves by step church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  27. 27. Elements Vocal music (church SECULAR MUSIC frowned upon instruments - seen as pagan). GREGORIAN CHANT flexible rhythm melody moves by step church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  28. 28. Elements Vocal music (church SECULAR MUSIC frowned upon instruments - seen as music outside the church pagan). GREGORIAN CHANT flexible rhythm melody moves by step church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  29. 29. Elements Vocal music (church SECULAR MUSIC frowned upon instruments - seen as music outside the church pagan). instrumental - pipes, GREGORIAN CHANT fiddles, drums. flexible rhythm melody moves by step church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  30. 30. Elements Vocal music (church SECULAR MUSIC frowned upon instruments - seen as music outside the church pagan). instrumental - pipes, GREGORIAN CHANT fiddles, drums. flexible rhythm love songs and dances melody moves by step church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  31. 31. Elements Vocal music (church SECULAR MUSIC frowned upon instruments - seen as music outside the church pagan). instrumental - pipes, GREGORIAN CHANT fiddles, drums. flexible rhythm love songs and dances melody moves by step Monophonic - later homophonic church modes usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  32. 32. Your Turn Compose a single melody line for the words “Alleluia”. Use a church mode of your choice. Think about the characteristics of Gregorian Chant.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  33. 33. RenaissanceTuesday, February 14, 12
  34. 34. Context A rebirth of human creativity Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Shakespeare. Catholic church was far less powerful - church didn’t monopolise learning and education became a status symbol. Invention of printingTuesday, February 14, 12
  35. 35. Characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: “Pope Marcellus” Mass - Palestrina “Ave Maria” - Josquin Desprez Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  36. 36. Characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: “Now is the month of Maying” - Thomas Morley Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  37. 37. ElementsTuesday, February 14, 12
  38. 38. Elements Vocal music still important - close relationship between words and musicTuesday, February 14, 12
  39. 39. Elements Vocal music still important - close relationship between words and music mainly polyphonic with imitation common between partsTuesday, February 14, 12
  40. 40. Elements Vocal music still important - close relationship between words and music mainly polyphonic with imitation common between parts bass register usedTuesday, February 14, 12
  41. 41. Elements Vocal music still important - close relationship between words and music mainly polyphonic with imitation common between parts bass register used gentle flowing rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  42. 42. Elements Vocal music still melodies easy to sing important - close with a few leaps relationship between words and music mainly polyphonic with imitation common between parts bass register used gentle flowing rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  43. 43. Elements Vocal music still melodies easy to sing important - close with a few leaps relationship between words and music SECULAR MUSIC mainly polyphonic with imitation common between parts bass register used gentle flowing rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  44. 44. Elements Vocal music still melodies easy to sing important - close with a few leaps relationship between words and music SECULAR MUSIC mainly polyphonic vocal music became with imitation common popular between parts bass register used gentle flowing rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  45. 45. Elements Vocal music still melodies easy to sing important - close with a few leaps relationship between words and music SECULAR MUSIC mainly polyphonic vocal music became with imitation common popular between parts solo voices or voice bass register used with accompaniment gentle flowing rhythmTuesday, February 14, 12
  46. 46. Elements Vocal music still melodies easy to sing important - close with a few leaps relationship between words and music SECULAR MUSIC mainly polyphonic vocal music became with imitation common popular between parts solo voices or voice bass register used with accompaniment gentle flowing Madrigal: combination rhythm of homophonic and polyphonic textureTuesday, February 14, 12
  47. 47. BaroqueTuesday, February 14, 12
  48. 48. ContextTuesday, February 14, 12
  49. 49. Context Baroque = action, movement, bizarre, flamboyant, elaborateTuesday, February 14, 12
  50. 50. Context Baroque = action, movement, bizarre, flamboyant, elaborate European rulers surrounded themselves in luxury while the rest of the population struggled to survive.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  51. 51. Context Baroque = action, movement, bizarre, flamboyant, elaborate European rulers surrounded themselves in luxury while the rest of the population struggled to survive. Religious institutions shaped the Baroque style, using theatrical and emotional qualities of art to make worship attractive.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  52. 52. Context Baroque = action, movement, bizarre, flamboyant, elaborate European rulers surrounded themselves in luxury while the rest of the population struggled to survive. Religious institutions shaped the Baroque style, using theatrical and emotional qualities of art to make worship attractive. Scientific advances and inventions.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  53. 53. Music in Society Music written to meet specific demands that came from the church and courts. The size of the musical staff depended on a courts’ wealth. Music directors supervised Church music was grand (organ, choirTuesday, February 14, 12
  54. 54. Characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: EARLY “Orfo” - Monteverdi (1607) LATE “La Primavera” from the Four Seasons - Vivaldi Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  55. 55. ELEMENTS Expresses one basic Mainly polyphonic as mood 2 or more melodic lines compete for the Continuous rhythms. listeners attention. Repetition. Provides drive and energy Emphasis on chords and Basso Continuo Melodic ideas repeated at different Music depicted the pitches. EXPANSION meaning of certain words Terraced dynamics or a constant volume.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  56. 56. Vivaldi You have 10 minutes to find out the following information about Vivaldi: lifespan countries he lived in musical influences major worksTuesday, February 14, 12
  57. 57. BACH and HANDEL Read the worksheets on Bach and Handel. Summarise your findings by writing song lyrics that communicate this information. Perform to someone in the class who hasn’t completed your reading.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  58. 58. Classical EraTuesday, February 14, 12
  59. 59. Context New style of architecture, literature, art. Newton’s philosophies in science = clarity in structure (reflected throughout society) Changes in social structure meant that nobility was the main supporter of music. The availability and quality of musicians altered - simple parts / limited rehearsal time.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  60. 60. Characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: Haydn, Symphony No. 4 in G Major (1791) Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 23 in A Major (1786) Beethoven, Piano Sonata in C Minor, Op. 13 (1798) Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  61. 61. Elements contrasting mood and tuneful melodies that variety were emphasised are easy to remember. in music. Balance and symmetry Greater emotional range. important in melodic phrases. flexible rhythm: pauses, syncopations, and widespread use of changes from long to gradual dynamic changes. short notes. usually homophonicTuesday, February 14, 12
  62. 62. Trends End of figured bass Chamber music: imitate the setting of a room. 2 to 9 The Classical Orchestra musicians (string quartet (standardised) important) compositions consisted Concerto: three movement of four movements work for an instrumental (symphonies, quartets, soloist and orchestra. some sonatas). Haydn, Beethoven, The Classical symphony: Mozart. extended composition (over 20 minutes). Covers a wide range of tone colour and dynamics in 4 movementsTuesday, February 14, 12
  63. 63. Mix ‘n’ Match Place each musical form in a suitable muscial era. Choose from: Medieval Renaissance Baroque ClassicalTuesday, February 14, 12
  64. 64. Great Classical Composers What words can you think of to associate with the following people: Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amedeus Mozart Ludwig Van Beethoven Read through the fact sheets and decide on 5 important ideas, facts, or works that best represent each person. Put them into your DW’s.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  65. 65. Romantic EraTuesday, February 14, 12
  66. 66. Context The romantic movement stressed emotion, individuality and imagination. Writers were drawn towards fantasy and rebelled against time-honored conventions of their elders. Romanticism coincided with the industrial revolution which caused many social and economic changes. Nationalism was an important political movement that influenced music. Composers became ‘free artists’.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  67. 67. Characteristics Listen to the following musical extracts: Shubert, The Erlking (1815) Chopin, Nocturne in Eb Major, Op. 9, No. 2 (1830-1831) Thaikovsky, Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy (1869) Describe what you hear in the following musical elements: 1. MELODY 2.TEXTURE 3.STRUCTURETuesday, February 14, 12
  68. 68. Elements individuality of style - Expressive tone colour music that reflected the (advances in technology) composers personalities. colourful new harmonies - Subjects of nature popular. chromatic chords and dissonance. Melancholy, rapture, longing, intimacy, romantic rapid modulation and a love, and fantasy are some wide variety of keys. of the many emotions covered in romantic music. Expanded range of dynamic, pitch and tempo Program music. tiny and HUGE musical works.Tuesday, February 14, 12
  69. 69. Trends Art song - strophic form (repeated musical material for each verse) OR through composed (different musical material) Program music Lots of composers! The Russian fiveTuesday, February 14, 12

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