Occupational Health and Safety
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Get familiar with the Health and Safety requirements involved in running a business.
Activity 1. Quiz
Have students study the topic handout individually before forming into groups of four for the quiz (answers over page). Each team only has a few moments to discuss the question and give an answer. One point for each correct answer.
For a more intense learning game, divide the topic into four subjects (such as mergers, take overs, growth direction and external growth advantages). After the students have studied the topic handout and formed groups, ask them to assign a number, from 1 to 4, to each team player. That player is now the 'expert' on the subject their number was assigned to, and only they can answer questions on that subject. This quiz is based on a resource from Co-operative Learning by Spencer Kagan.
Activity 2. Health and Safety in the Workplace
Students use the Health and Safety notes to complete the scenarios in the worksheet provided. Suggested answers could be:
"Move the desk so it is positioned differently, give a different task to employee away from the desk at that time of day, get curtains or blinds."
"Ensure document holder is at the same level and distance as the screen, make sure it is stable and adjustable, get employees eyes checked."
"Refer to the notes on 'Positioning of Operator'."
"Ensure employees have a variety of tasks during the day and spend only an allocated amount of time on the computer."
Health & Safety precautions are part of the fabric of virtually every modern business, regardless of whether they operate out of an office, a paddock or a foundry. The working environment we are afforded by law today is the result of a sea-change in thinking that began in Britain in the 1830s. In 1833, the UK government of the time established the Factories Act, a law that was initially intended only to prevent injury and overworking in child textile factories. The effort started with just four HM Factory Inspectors who were to cover more than 3000 textile factories, but by 1871 the UK had multiple thousands of inspectors and the law had been extended to virtually every type of workplace imaginable. New Zealand started down the path to safe workplaces in the late 19th Century.
Established in 1891 as the Bureau of Industries, the Department of Labour (as it became known just a year later) is today responsible for promoting and enforcing health and safety regulations through the Occupational Safety & Health Service – otherwise known as OSH.
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