Occupational Health and Safety


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Get familiar with the Health and Safety requirements involved in running a business.

Activity 1. Quiz

Have students study the topic handout individually before forming into groups of four for the quiz (answers over page). Each team only has a few moments to discuss the question and give an answer. One point for each correct answer.

For a more intense learning game, divide the topic into four subjects (such as mergers, take overs, growth direction and external growth advantages). After the students have studied the topic handout and formed groups, ask them to assign a number, from 1 to 4, to each team player. That player is now the 'expert' on the subject their number was assigned to, and only they can answer questions on that subject. This quiz is based on a resource from Co-operative Learning by Spencer Kagan.

Activity 2. Health and Safety in the Workplace

Students use the Health and Safety notes to complete the scenarios in the worksheet provided. Suggested answers could be:

"Move the desk so it is positioned differently, give a different task to employee away from the desk at that time of day, get curtains or blinds."
"Ensure document holder is at the same level and distance as the screen, make sure it is stable and adjustable, get employees eyes checked."
"Refer to the notes on 'Positioning of Operator'."
"Ensure employees have a variety of tasks during the day and spend only an allocated amount of time on the computer."


- www.business.govt.nz/tools-and-templates/educational-resources/health-and-safety/Health%20and%20Safety_Student%20Handout.doc
- www.business.govt.nz/tools-and-templates/educational-resources/health-and-safety/Health%20and%20Safety_Student%20worksheet.doc
- www.business.govt.nz/managing/implementing-health-and-safety

**Student Handout

Health & Safety precautions are part of the fabric of virtually every modern business, regardless of whether they operate out of an office, a paddock or a foundry. The working environment we are afforded by law today is the result of a sea-change in thinking that began in Britain in the 1830s. In 1833, the UK government of the time established the Factories Act, a law that was initially intended only to prevent injury and overworking in child textile factories. The effort started with just four HM Factory Inspectors who were to cover more than 3000 textile factories, but by 1871 the UK had multiple thousands of inspectors and the law had been extended to virtually every type of workplace imaginable. New Zealand started down the path to safe workplaces in the late 19th Century.
Established in 1891 as the Bureau of Industries, the Department of Labour (as it became known just a year later) is today responsible for promoting and enforcing health and safety regulations through the Occupational Safety & Health Service – otherwise known as OSH.

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Occupational Health and Safety

  1. 1. Health & Safety
  2. 2. Health & Safety in the workplace… … First became a concern in the early 19th Century when the UK’s Factories Act appointed just four inspectors to regulate safety in more than 3000 child textile factories www.business.govt.nz
  3. 3. Health & Safety todayEvery workplace in NewZealand has to abide by theregulations set down by the……Health and Safety inEmployment Act 1992 (HSEA) www.business.govt.nz
  4. 4. HSEA EnforcementThe Occupational Safety &Health Service (OSH) – partof the Dept of Labour −enforces the law throughinspecting businesseswww.business.govt.nz
  5. 5. Benefits to employersAccording to researchcited by the Dept ofLabour, the productivitygains of maintaininghigh health and safetystandards far outweighthe costswww.business.govt.nz
  6. 6. HSEA 1992 requires employers to…Ensure the health, safety andwelfare at work of their employeesby (among other things):-Ensuring safe working conditions-Providing protective clothing whennecessary-Ensuring equipment is safe andwell-maintainedwww.business.govt.nz
  7. 7. Employees must…- Take reasonable care of their health and safety- Co-operate with employers on health and safety measures- Not misuse anything provided to improve their health and safetywww.business.govt.nz
  8. 8. WorkstationsEmployers must makesure workstations aresafe and effective to use… one employerimproved productivity by1000% within threemonths of improvingworkstationswww.business.govt.nz
  9. 9. Health & Safety: SummaryEmployers must:•Carry out risk assessments•Make sure employees report all faults and hazards•Inform employees of first-aid procedures and thenames of the first-aid persons in the company•Have an accident book to report any occurrences•Maintain health and safety guidelines•Follow all health and safety workplace legislationand regulations www.business.govt.nz
  10. 10. Find Out MoreFacebook.com/business.govt.nzTwitter.com/business_govtNZLinkedin.com/company/business-govt-nzSlideshare.net/MED-Businessbusiness.govt.nz