Teamwork and working in teams have become staple phrases in organizations. Moreover, both terms (teams and teamwork) have an aura of “that's the way things should be done.” This presentation seeks to address some issues surrounding teams and teamwork. The underlying premise is that a team is a particular way of organizing in order to achieve a specific task. Not all tasks require teams . Teams and teamwork, therefore, are not an end in themselves but rather a means to a specific end . I posit there is no “intrinsic” value in teams and teamwork.
Teams and teamwork Manuel E. Contreras KNL/SDI March 2009 This presentation does not represent the official position of the Inter-American Development Bank or its member countries. It was developed for training purposes only. The author gratefully acknowledges the comments of Christel Steinvorth and Gabrielle Vetter to a previous version. The usual caveats apply.
1. A small number of people 2. With complementary skills 3. Who share a c ommon purpose and goals 4. A commitment with a common vision of progress. 5. And mutual responsibility What is a Team? Source: Katzenbach & Smith, 1993
Team building is not about getting everyone to see things the same way. An effective team leverages each team member’s unique way of seeing, thinking and acting in order to illuminate all possibilities, minimize risk and produce effective results . Source : Katzenbach & Smith, 1993
Focusing on Team Basics Performance Results Skills Accountability Commitment Collective Work Products Personal Growth * Problem solving * Technical/ functional * Interpersonal * Mutual * Small number of people * Individual * Specific goals * Common approach * Meaningful purpose Source : Katzenbach & Smith, 1993
Ten characteristics of a high performance team Source : Biech (2008) Clear Goals Defined Roles Open and Clear Communications Effective Decision Making Balanced Participation Valued Diversity Managed Conflict Positive Atmosphere Cooperative Relationships Participative Leadership