Speed Dating - Fracking Update
(Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation)
New Developments & Old Concerns
2014 Mid-America Environme...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Energy Boom
Energy
Independence
Energy Exports
US Net Energy
Imports ...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Horizontal Drilling
and
Hydraulic Fracture
Stimulation
1300-1500
bbls...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Well Pad
(6 - 8 wells)
300,000 barrels Freshwater
200,000 barrels
Flo...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Bakken (flaring gas to produce 1.1
million bpd in 2014)
Eagle Ford
Pi...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Per EPA - Hydraulic Fracturing Includes:
1.Water Acquisition
2.Chemic...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Water Acquisition
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Water Acquisition
• Intake to meet impingement mortality
and entrainm...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Conveyance (Temporary)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Same Line (Permanent)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Water Trucks – 100 barrels
Yellow Frac Tank – 500 barrels
Conveyance:...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
12 | MARCELLUS SHALE
COALITION
On-Site Water Storage Only…No Transpor...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
250,000 barrels
Freshwater
Well Pad – 6 Wells
300,000 barrels Freshwa...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Chemical Mixing - Hydraulic Fracturing Job
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Chemical Mixing - FracFocus.org
99% Water and
Sand
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
500 barrel Fiberglass Tanks for Flowback/Produced
Re-use for Next Fra...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Reduce TSS – Filtering w/ 100 & 25µm SocksFlowback Filtration – Reduc...
Thanks
2014 Mid-America Environmental
Compliance Conference – April 3-4, 2014
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
19
Drilling Well
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Well Pad, Freshwater Storage, Access Roads
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Baseline Data and Permits
• Baseline Surface Water, Groundwater, Air,...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
New Developments/Old Concerns
• In 2014: Next EPA Study Potential Imp...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Workover with Containment Pad
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Storage
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Shale Gas: Environmental Protection in Wells
Casing
Integrity
Testing
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Bolted Stainless Steel Tank (100 foot diameter/40,000 barrels)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Wastewater Treatment Tanks – 500 barrels
On Site Treatment/Storage On...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Whoa!
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Road Maintenance
Before After
E&P Operators Pay for Road Repairs
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Narrow Bridge and Large Vehicles
5 Point Turn
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Erosion and Sediment Control (E&S Controls)
Freshwater Conveyance Lin...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Conveyance Line (After)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Shale Gas Europe
Move Fluids, Sludge, Drilling Muds & Spill Cleanup
V...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Wetland Delineation
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Wetland?...Yes! (Landowner Used as a Dump)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Temporary and Mobile Freshwater Storage
50,000-100,000 BBL systems ar...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Temporary and Mobile Freshwater Storage
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Cultural Resources (Historic Sites…Native Peoples)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Well Pad and Access Road Under Construction
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Setbacks
Composite Impact: 50% of Your Acreage Off-limits
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Typical Casing Design
for Marcellus
Assure Annular Seal
• Cement to S...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
“Fracking…
Hydraulic Fracturing (HF)
• > 60 years: more than 1 millio...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Vertical Setbacks – from Frac Zone
• At least 1,000 feet from top of
...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
First 5 Minutes – Shale Gas Primer and Fracking
• Background
• Leasin...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Manage Freshwater on Basis of River Basins
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Workover with $30,000 Containment Pad
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Baseline Data: Protect Your Company
• Groundwater
• Springs
• Underdr...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Document Baseline Site Conditions (Groundwater…)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Placing Geotextile and Stone on Level Pad Footprint
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Cut Slope, Geotextile and Stone on Level Pad
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Access Road w/ Erosion and Sediment Control Structures
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Rock Construction Entrance to Public Roadway
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Erosion and Sediment Control Measures Under
Construction (RCE)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Well Pads – E&SC Considerations
• Keep clean water offsite. Control w...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Access Roads – Design Considerations/E&S
• Assume Road Width for Two-...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Procurement
• Basin Approach to Water Management
• Water C...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Flowback and Produced Water Storage
Tanks or Impoundments?
• High Ris...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Storage for Hydraulic Fracturing
Floating Intakes
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Single Liner – Freshwater Impoundment
Double Liner w/ Leak Detection ...
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Freshwater Impoundment – 300,000 barrels
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
Water Quality Example
Parameter Blended Flowback/Produced Groundwater...
Thank you!
(marcelluscoalition.org)
2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference
The Marcellus Shale recently surpassed the 12 BCF
per day mark as out...
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Fracking Update; URS, Martin Pringle Law Firm; 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Seminar in Overland Park, KS, April 3-4

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Fracking Update; URS, Martin Pringle Law Firm; 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Seminar in Overland Park, KS, April 3-4

  1. 1. Speed Dating - Fracking Update (Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation) New Developments & Old Concerns 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference – April 3-4, 2014
  2. 2. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Energy Boom Energy Independence Energy Exports US Net Energy Imports Reached 20 Year Low in 2013
  3. 3. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Horizontal Drilling and Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation 1300-1500 bbls/stage @ 100 bpm
  4. 4. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Well Pad (6 - 8 wells) 300,000 barrels Freshwater 200,000 barrels Flowback/Produced “Long” Access Road Water Source ½ Mile 4 Well Pad, Freshwater, Flowback/Produced
  5. 5. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Bakken (flaring gas to produce 1.1 million bpd in 2014) Eagle Ford Piceance Basin NYC Boston Philly
  6. 6. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Per EPA - Hydraulic Fracturing Includes: 1.Water Acquisition 2.Chemical Mixing 3.Well Injection (Normally Considered the Frac Job) 4.Flowback and Produced Water 5.Wastewater Treatment and Waste Disposal
  7. 7. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Water Acquisition
  8. 8. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Water Acquisition • Intake to meet impingement mortality and entrainment standards • Need to Meter
  9. 9. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Conveyance (Temporary)
  10. 10. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Same Line (Permanent)
  11. 11. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Water Trucks – 100 barrels Yellow Frac Tank – 500 barrels Conveyance: No One Likes Water Trucks…
  12. 12. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference 12 | MARCELLUS SHALE COALITION On-Site Water Storage Only…No Transport 500 bbls
  13. 13. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference 250,000 barrels Freshwater Well Pad – 6 Wells 300,000 barrels Freshwater Landowner Surface Water Gas Treatment 13 All Freshwater Storage
  14. 14. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Chemical Mixing - Hydraulic Fracturing Job
  15. 15. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Chemical Mixing - FracFocus.org 99% Water and Sand
  16. 16. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference 500 barrel Fiberglass Tanks for Flowback/Produced Re-use for Next Frac Job
  17. 17. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Reduce TSS – Filtering w/ 100 & 25µm SocksFlowback Filtration – Reduce TSS and Re-use
  18. 18. Thanks 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference – April 3-4, 2014
  19. 19. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference 19 Drilling Well
  20. 20. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Well Pad, Freshwater Storage, Access Roads
  21. 21. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Baseline Data and Permits • Baseline Surface Water, Groundwater, Air, Topography • Construction Permits (pads, roads, impoundments, gas treatment/compressor stations)…any disturbance! −Notification −Cultural Resources −T&E Species (plants and animals [bats, rattlesnakes…]) −All about E&S Controls (Erosion and Sediment Controls) −Set Backs (from schools, drinking water, etc.) • Freshwater Extraction: Pass-bys based on Q7,10 flows • Hauling Permits and Permitted Routes • Wastewater Treatment (Flowback and Produced Water) NORM TENORM – Technically Enhanced NORM
  22. 22. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference New Developments/Old Concerns • In 2014: Next EPA Study Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources • Use Less Water and/or Natural Gas Liquids or Nitrogen Foam – Decrease Dependence on Water…Less Wastewater. • Decrease Additives or Use More Environmentally Friendly Additives. • Seismic Events? Mostly due to wastewater injection (OH) • No More Photos of Ignited Kitchen Faucets PLEASE!
  23. 23. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Workover with Containment Pad
  24. 24. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Storage
  25. 25. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Shale Gas: Environmental Protection in Wells Casing Integrity Testing
  26. 26. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Bolted Stainless Steel Tank (100 foot diameter/40,000 barrels)
  27. 27. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Wastewater Treatment Tanks – 500 barrels On Site Treatment/Storage Only
  28. 28. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Whoa!
  29. 29. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Road Maintenance Before After E&P Operators Pay for Road Repairs
  30. 30. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Narrow Bridge and Large Vehicles 5 Point Turn
  31. 31. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Erosion and Sediment Control (E&S Controls) Freshwater Conveyance Line (Before)
  32. 32. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Conveyance Line (After)
  33. 33. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Shale Gas Europe Move Fluids, Sludge, Drilling Muds & Spill Cleanup Vac Truck
  34. 34. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Wetland Delineation
  35. 35. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Wetland?...Yes! (Landowner Used as a Dump)
  36. 36. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Temporary and Mobile Freshwater Storage 50,000-100,000 BBL systems are typically installed in 3-4 days and removed within 3 days.
  37. 37. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Temporary and Mobile Freshwater Storage
  38. 38. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Cultural Resources (Historic Sites…Native Peoples)
  39. 39. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Well Pad and Access Road Under Construction
  40. 40. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Setbacks Composite Impact: 50% of Your Acreage Off-limits
  41. 41. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Typical Casing Design for Marcellus Assure Annular Seal • Cement to Surface to Extent Possible • Mechanical Integrity Tests on annulus Stray Gas? No Bubbles…No Troubles
  42. 42. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference “Fracking… Hydraulic Fracturing (HF) • > 60 years: more than 1 million wells in 27 states • 90 percent of oil and gas wells use HF technology • 99.5 percent water/sand mix • 3 to 5 million gallons of water fractures the shale. • Well casing protects water supply • PA Chapter 78 upgrades reflect best practices in well casing 42 | MARCELLUS SHALE COALITION
  43. 43. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Vertical Setbacks – from Frac Zone • At least 1,000 feet from top of Frac Zone to Freshwater Aquifer (blue stripe at top) • At least 2,000 feet from top of Frac Zone to Ground Surface Marcellus Frac Zone Freshwater
  44. 44. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference First 5 Minutes – Shale Gas Primer and Fracking • Background • Leasing and Well Pad Siting/Permitting • Well Pad Design (Erosion and Sediment Controls) • Water Management • Freshwater Procurement, Conveyance, and Storage • Manifolds and Pumping for Hydraulic Fracturing • Flowback and Produced Water Storage, Treatment, Re-use, and Disposal • Well Pad Production Equipment: Well Testing, Treatment (Separation and Dehydration), Storage 44
  45. 45. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Manage Freshwater on Basis of River Basins
  46. 46. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Workover with $30,000 Containment Pad
  47. 47. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Baseline Data: Protect Your Company • Groundwater • Springs • Underdrain Outlets
  48. 48. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Document Baseline Site Conditions (Groundwater…)
  49. 49. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Placing Geotextile and Stone on Level Pad Footprint
  50. 50. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Cut Slope, Geotextile and Stone on Level Pad
  51. 51. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Access Road w/ Erosion and Sediment Control Structures
  52. 52. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Rock Construction Entrance to Public Roadway
  53. 53. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Erosion and Sediment Control Measures Under Construction (RCE)
  54. 54. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Well Pads – E&SC Considerations • Keep clean water offsite. Control water onsite and filter and re-infiltrate onsite or filter before it goes offsite. Reduce TSS! • Sediment traps may be better choice than sediment basins • No compost filter socks or silt fence unless very flat • Clean water diversion swale up gradient to level spreaders • Riprap-lined channels around pad to sediment traps • Infiltration basins used when soil types are conducive • Stormwater Management - due to the increase in impervious area
  55. 55. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Access Roads – Design Considerations/E&S • Assume Road Width for Two-way Traffic • Rock Construction Entrance (RCE) ±130’ Wide at Public Road • Radius of the Tapered Curve of RCE ±50’ • 50-foot Radius into Well Pad and Tank Pad • Coming off the state/local road with the access road - assume 10' @ -4% from EOP (driveway pipe/culvert will be placed at this point). • 10% max grade preferred • Roadside ditches (lined with riprap) placed on the upslope side of the access roads • Road is in-sloped at 2%
  56. 56. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Procurement • Basin Approach to Water Management • Water Consumed and Not Returned to the Basin • Water Used and Returned to the Basin • Do Not Move Water Between Basins…Invasive Species • Extraction Limits per Day • And, “Pass-by” when source is low, can’t take any water
  57. 57. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Flowback and Produced Water Storage Tanks or Impoundments? • High Risk Fluids • Compatibility Issues (TDS) • Bolted Stainless Steel Tank Capacity – 45,000 barrels • Impoundment Capacity – 300,000 barrels • Temporary Impoundment – 100,000 barrels
  58. 58. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Storage for Hydraulic Fracturing Floating Intakes
  59. 59. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Single Liner – Freshwater Impoundment Double Liner w/ Leak Detection Zone – Flowback/Produced Single Liner - Freshwater Double Liner – Flowback/Produced
  60. 60. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Freshwater Impoundment – 300,000 barrels
  61. 61. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference Water Quality Example Parameter Blended Flowback/Produced Groundwater (Freshwater) Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) mg/L 11,100 35,600 233 Conductivity (µmhos/cm at 25C) 30,400 139,000 449 pH 6.36 6.57 7.74 Chloride (mg/L) 6,300 22,900 18.1 Sodium (mg/L) 2,680 8,120 6.75 Calcium (mg/L) 811.0 2,610.0 81.6 Magnesium (mg/L) 59.7 183.0 19.9 Sulfate (mg/L) 4.62 3.3 36.2 Barium? Strontium? Watch for: • Incompatibility with Liners • Scaling and Precipitation Potential Don’t want any leaks
  62. 62. Thank you! (marcelluscoalition.org)
  63. 63. 2014 Mid-America Environmental Compliance Conference The Marcellus Shale recently surpassed the 12 BCF per day mark as outlined in various press reports based on the latest Energy Information Administration data. If the Marcellus Shale region were a country, it would be the eighth largest natural gas producer in the world. In other words, the Appalachian Basin is the region for business development, investment, and advocacy – with MSC membership at the heart of it all.

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