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South Africa - Extension Policy Development
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South Africa - Extension Policy Development


Tomazile, L - Extension Policy Development in South Africa …

Tomazile, L - Extension Policy Development in South Africa

Presentation given at the GFRAS side event on Rural Extension Policy, Manila 2012_09_25. More info at

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  • 1. Towards National Policy on Extension & Advisory Services for DAFF (SA) 3rd GFRAS Annual Meeting 25 September 2012 ManilaMr.TOZAMILE LUKHALODIRECTOR: NATIONAL EXTENSION REFORMDEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,FORESTRY AND FISHERIESPRIVATE BAG X250PRETORIA0001TEL: +27 12 319 6524Cell: +27 83 500 1874TEMAIL:
  • 2. Outline• Background• Mission• Purpose• Objectives• Key stakeholders• Project phasing• Phase 1: Research outputs• Phase 2: Research-led Policy dialogue• Engagement strategies• Independent Peer Review• Provincial policy dialogue• Role of Provinces• Phase 3 - 5
  • 3. BACKGROUND• DAFF is embarking on a consultative process of creating a national policy on extension and advisory services, to bring about real change in the agricultural, fishery and forestry sectors.• DAFF has appointed a team of consultants through funds made available from Ford Foundation.• Appointed consultants: Phuhlisani Solutions who have long experience in land and rural development initiatives
  • 4. MissionTo facilitate policy dialogue between public sector officials, private sector actors, NGOs and organisations representing producers in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors.In order to…..Develop a draft policy framework on extension and advisory services…
  • 5. Purpose…within which services to farmers, and incentives for them, support wise decision-making about the use of resources for agricultural production, fishing and forestry.
  • 6. Objectives To review and reform effectiveness of extension in terms of delivery structures and the relevance of its advice and support. To frame and shape the content, targeting & co-ordination of extension and advisory services according to the needs and ambitions of primary producers To promote and facilitate harmonised public and private sector extension & advisory services that operate on a common set of principles across the entire sector To guide and regulate the provision of extension and advisory services in the country.
  • 7. Key Stakeholders The consultative process will engage with:  The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF)  The Agricultural Research Council (ARC)  Provincial Departments of Agriculture  Other relevant government departments - DRDLR  Key role players in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors ▪ Organised agriculture, fisheries and forestry ▪ Private sector, NGOs, CBOs, ▪ Smallholder farmers, fishers, forestry enterprises
  • 8. Development Organised agriculture, forestry Universities agencies and fisheries, co-ops, commodity organisations, input, equipment Research and veterinary suppliers, banks, Agricultural institutes retailers... colleges Climate, SETAs ASAFA, NAFU, USAAA, land reform environment, disaster beneficiaries, small scale forestry, risk artisanal fishers, land NGOs, Extension and DRDLR staff, municipalities... Land, health and welfare NGOs CBOs, church groups, women’s associations, local farmers associations, micro finance agencies, natural resource users on the commons Extension and DRDLR staff, municipalities...
  • 9. Phase 1: Inception Extension status quo High level International trends implementation plan Policy options Phase 5: Phase 2: Indicative Research led policy implementation plan dialogue Extension and advisory Reports of F2F andservices policy approved online dialogue on policy Stakeholder engagement by DEXCO options online and f2f Phase 4: Phase 3: Comments and Draft policy amendments framework
  • 10. Phase 1: Research outputsInternational trends in extension• In depth overview of global extension trends• Country case studies on Brazil, China, Denmark, Ethiopia, India, Kenya and MalawiThe state of extension in South Africa• History of the evolution of extension in South Africa• Analysis of post 1994 trends and issues
  • 11. Phase 1: Research outputs Studies on forestry and fisheries and current extension functions/needs Summary discussion paper  Captures key issues from international and local research studies  Identifies policy questions and options for South African policy dialogue  Present policy options
  • 12. Phase 2 Research-led policy dialogueA consultative process: Key objective is to engage diverse range of stakeholders in the policy dialogue and formulation process  Agriculture  Forestry  Fisheries  …Using the Summary Discussion Paper
  • 13. Engagement strategies• Online discussion forum• Dedicated website• Twitter stream• Independent peer review• Provincial policy dialogue workshops
  • 14. Low cost media Raising the media campaigns profile Emails to stakeholders Data base of 1400 individuals and organisations Twitter alerts, Bulk SMS Dedicated website Public front page with article comment functionRegistration required to comment on policy options and participate in online discussions
  • 15. Dedicated
  • 16. Twitter stream
  • 17. Independent Peer ReviewReference Group comprised of South African andinternational extension experts  Provide an oversight in the development process of National Extension Policy for DAFF.  Provide advice, practical direction and guidance on the Policy Framework.  Read and provide commentary on the discussion document (with policy options for SA).
  • 18. Independent Peer Review Reference Group comprised of South African and international extension experts Contribute to and monitor online discussion forums on the National Extension Policy website ( Analyse key policy issues arising from national policy dialogue sessions.
  • 19. Independent Peer Review Reference Group comprised of South African and international extension experts Participate in closed online discussions. Attend reference group meetings. Contribute to the development of the Implementation Plan.
  • 20. Provincial Policy dialogue workshop Date Province City Tuesday 2nd October Western Cape, Cape Town Wednesday Free State Bloemfontein 3rd October Thursday Northern Cape Kimberley 4th October Tuesday 9th October Eastern Cape East London Wednesday KZN Durban 10th October Thursday Mpumalanga Nelspruit 11th October Tuesday Limpopo Polokwane 16th October Wednesday Gauteng Pretoria 17th October Thursday North West Mafikeng 18th OctoberProvincial policy dialogue workshops
  • 21. Provincial Policy Dialogue Workshops Who should attend? • Relevant Departmental Staff (especially extension) • Stakeholders in Agricultural, forestry and fishery sectors in the province: – Farmers, fishers, forest users – Land reform beneficiaries – Organised agriculture – CBOs, NGOs – Agribusiness
  • 22. Why Provinces????• Extension practitioners are based in the provinces.• Deep knowledge of local conditions and particular challenges.• Link to local agriculture, forestry and fisheries stakeholders for consultative processes.• Provincial support for and involvement in the policy development process is essential.
  • 23. Policy dialogue workshop agenda• One day workshops will: – Provide brief background to the policy development process – Review international trends in extension • Discuss lessons for South Africa – Review the state of extension in South Africa and discuss policy options
  • 24. Policy dialogue workshop agenda cont…  Review the state of extension in South Africa and discuss key questions ▪ What should be the future role of the public sector extension service in South Africa? ▪ What should be the priority focus of extension in the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors? ▪ What role should the private sector, NGOs and producer organisations play in providing extension and advisory services? ▪ What will extension and advisory services look like in 2030?
  • 25. Role of the Provinces• Inform and involve all extension staff• Encourage them to participate in online and face to face policy dialogue• Select key officials to participate in provincial workshops• Help publicise the process with key provincial stakeholders – Organised agriculture, NGOs, smallholder farmers, land reform beneficiaries, municipalities etc• Assist DAFF to identify local stakeholders and ensure that provincial workshops are well attended• Assign a senior management official to monitor and support the policy dialogue and development process
  • 26. Documenting Provincial Policy dialogue workshops • All workshops will be documented • Reports will be made available through the website • Workshops will help shape policy agenda and identify key issues which policy must address
  • 27. Phase 3: Draft Policy Framework• Based on the research reviews and the policy dialogue workshops a draft policy will be developed by the end of November 2012.
  • 28. Phase 4: Comment & Finalisation• Draft policy will be circulated for comment from all stakeholders.• Final policy document which incorporates revisions will be presented to DEXCO for discussion and approval.
  • 29. Phase 5: Implementation plan High level implementation plan to roll out the policy
  • 30. Subject SpecialistsTeam member Function and focus areaDr Stephen Turner Review of trends in international extension Independent consultant at Stephen Turner Ltd, (4 years) formerly senior consultant at Centre for Development Co-operation ,Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (25 years)Dr Steve Worth The state of agricultural extension and advisory services in SA, policy options and review Senior Lecturer UKZN. Teaching, research and community engagement in Agricultural Extension and Rural Resource Management (2005-present) and Community Resource Management (2001-2007)Assoc Prof Mafa Hara The state of fisheries extension and advisory services, policy options and review PLAAS, C2 rated National Research Foundation (South Africa) researcher, 30 years focusing on rural and coastal communities in South and Southern Africa.Dr Moenieba Isaacs The state of fisheries extension and advisory services, policy options and review PLAAS, Senior Lecturer and specialist in policy making in the small scale fisheries sectorJeanette Clarke The state of forestry extension and advisory services, policy options and review Independent consultant with 25 years work experience as a researcher and consultant with a particular emphasis on forestry in the context of poverty reduction and livelihood security, adaptive research and extension.
  • 31. THANK YOU