Hiv In The Workplace Phi Swell Mtg Presentation 2008 Qtr I


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Pepco Holdings, Inc. 1st quarterly safety meeting featuring myself introducing employees to HIV/AIDS Facts

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Hiv In The Workplace Phi Swell Mtg Presentation 2008 Qtr I

  1. 1. Michelle Delores Morgan Certified HIV/AIDS Prevention & Education Instructor American Red Cross Authorized HIV in the Workplace: Basic Facts
  2. 2. Some Ground Rules to Follow <ul><li>One at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Respect the feelings and opinions of others </li></ul><ul><li>No telling – if someone feels comfortable enough to “share” let us keep that information confidential </li></ul><ul><li>Speak for yourself only </li></ul><ul><li>It is ok to pass or not participate, however participation is strongly encouraged  </li></ul>
  3. 3. The information you receive today was provided by the American Red Cross – National Capital Area Chapter Whitman Walker Clinic – Washington, DC About Today's Presentation…
  4. 4. The Immune System <ul><li>What does it do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fights off infections and keep you healthy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does the immune system fight infections? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By using white blood cells and antibodies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does the immune system coordinate the use of white blood cells and antibodies? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A special type of white blood cell, the CD4 T-cell, coordinates all the components of the immune system. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Exercise HIV and AIDS – Myths and Facts Handout IcE BrEaKeR
  6. 6. *Answers* <ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Myths </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who has HIV but looks and feels healthy can still infect other people </li></ul><ul><li>The risk of getting HIV from a blood transfusion these days is extremely low </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of getting HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing needles to inject steroids can spread HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Using a condom during sexual activity can reduce the risk of getting HIV </li></ul><ul><li>You can get HIV by drinking from a glass used by someone who has HIV </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is spread by kissing </li></ul><ul><li>You can get HIV from giving blood </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes can spread HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Taking birth control pills can protect a girl from getting HIV </li></ul><ul><li>You can get HIV from a toilet seat </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus <ul><li>It is only transmitted from human to human </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You cannot become infected from animals or insect bites. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weakens the immune system via the destruction of CD4 T-cells. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV infects and multiplies in CD4 T-cells </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A virus is an organism that can cause disease. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV causes AIDS. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What is AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome <ul><li>Symptoms after initial infection with HIV are flu-like, however, the symptoms associated with AIDS can differ depending on the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot tell if a person has AIDS by just looking at them. </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS is defined by a CD4 count <200/mm3 </li></ul>
  9. 9. How HIV is Not Transmitted <ul><li>Casual Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing Office Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing Restrooms, Water Fountains, or Showers </li></ul><ul><li>Eating Together </li></ul><ul><li>Sneezing or Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul><ul><li>Being Bitten by an Animal or Insect </li></ul><ul><li>Donating Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Transfusions </li></ul>
  10. 10. How HIV IS Transmitted <ul><li>Body Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast Milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaginal Fluid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risky Behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unprotected Sexual Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing Needles </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. HIV Antibody Testing <ul><li>Antibodies are proteins produced by the body to fight infections, such as HIV </li></ul><ul><li>The test is designed to detect HIV antibodies in the sample you provide. </li></ul><ul><li>An HIV antibody test can be done drawing blood or using oral fluid. </li></ul>
  12. 12. How can we become more aware of HIV in the Workplace <ul><li>Don't judge - do not base a symptom of the virus on any level, race, gender, preference of any matter </li></ul><ul><li>Be safe - examples are ways in assisting someone with a cut, always use gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Be educated - learn the facts, and share information with others </li></ul>
  13. 13. &quot;Be Educated, Be Healthy, and LIVE!&quot; - know your status Any Questions? To conclude…