Early China

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Early China

  1. 1. Chapter 7 The Silk Road and Beyond: The Art of Early China and Korea Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 12e
  2. 2. China and Korea
  3. 3. Goals <ul><li>Explore the broad geographic area encompassed by contemporary China and Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the Neolithic and early dynastic beginnings of Chinese civilization and art. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the indigenous religious beliefs, early Daoism and Confucianism, and the later influence of Buddhism on art in China and Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe materials, techniques and stylistic qualities of Chinese and Korean art and architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the changes in art related to the Silk Road and other eastern and western trade and conquests. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the artistic and cultural development of Korea apart from China. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 7.1 China and Its Dynasties <ul><li>Explore the broad geographic area encompassed by contemporary China and Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine the Neolithic and early dynastic beginnings of Chinese civilization and art. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the indigenous religious beliefs, early Daoism and Confucianism, and the later influence of Buddhism on art in China. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Neolithic and Early Chinese Art <ul><li>Early Neolithic pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and techniques in bronze and jade </li></ul>
  6. 6. Figure 7-1 Yangshao Culture vases, from Gansu Province, China, mid third millennium BCE. Earthenware.
  7. 7. Figure 7-2 Guang, probably from Anyang, China, Shang dynasty, twelfth or eleventh century BCE. Bronze, 6 1/2” high. Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco (Avery Brundage Collection).
  8. 8. Figure 7-3 Standing figure, from Sanxingdui, China, ca. 1200–1050 BCE. Bronze, 8’ 5” high, including base. China Cultural Relics Promotional Center, Beijing.
  9. 9. Figure 7-4 Bi (disk), from Jincun(?), China, Eastern Zhou dynasty, fourth to third century BCE. Nephrite, 6 1/2” in diameter. Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City.
  10. 10. Art and Burial Practices <ul><li>Art in the funerary practices of the Qin and Han Dynasties </li></ul>
  11. 11. Figure 7-5 Army of the First Emperor of Qin in pits next to his burial mound, Lintong, China, Qin dynasty, ca. 210 BCE. Painted terracotta, average figure 5’ 10 7/8” high.
  12. 12. Art and Religion <ul><li>The artistic influence of Buddhism and the Silk Road </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Tang and Song Dynasties <ul><li>Grottoes, colossal Buddhas and cave paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Earthenware sculpture and pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Court painting, hanging and handscrolls </li></ul>
  14. 14. Figure 7-8 Model of a house, Han dynasty, first century CE. Painted earthenware, 4’ 4” high. Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City.
  15. 15. Figure 7-9 Shakyamuni Buddha, Zhao Dynasty, Period of Disunity, 338. Gilded bronze, 1’ 3 1/2” high. Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco (Avery Brundage Collection).
  16. 16. Figure 7-10 GU KAIZHI, Lady Feng and the Bear, detail of Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies, Period of Disunity, late fourth century. Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, 9 3/4” X 11’ 4 1/2”. British Museum, London.
  17. 17. Figure 7-11 Shakyamuni and Prabhutaratna, Northern Wei dynasty, 518. Gilded bronze, 10 1/4” high. Musée Guimet, Paris.
  18. 18. Figure 7-12 Vairocana Buddha, disciples, and bodhisattvas, Longmen Caves, Luoyang, China, Tang dynasty, completed 675. Buddha, approx. 44’ high.
  19. 19. Figure 7-13 Paradise of Amitabha, Cave 172, Dunhuang, China, Tang dynasty, mid eighth century. Wall painting, approx. 10’ high.
  20. 20. Figure 7-15 Attributed to YAN LIBEN, Emperor Xuan and attendants, detail of The Thirteen Emperors, Tang dynasty, ca. 650. Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, detail: 1‘ 8 1/4” X 1’ 5 1/2”; entire scroll, 17’ 5” long. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
  21. 21. Figure 7-16 Palace ladies, detail of a wall painting in the tomb of Princess Yongtai, Qianxian, China, Tang dynasty, 706. Approx. 5’ 10” X 6’ 6”.
  22. 22. Figure 7-17 Neighing Horse, Tang dynasty, eighth to ninth century. Glazed earthenware, 1’ 8” high. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
  23. 23. Figure 7-18 FAN KUAN, Travelers among Mountains and Streams, Northern Song period, early eleventh century. Hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk, 6’ 7 1/4” X 3’ 4 1/4”. National Palace Museum, Taibei.
  24. 24. Figure 7-19 Attributed to HUIZONG, Auspicious Cranes, section of a handscroll, Northern Song period, 1112. Ink and colors on silk, 1’ 8 1/8” X 4’ 6 3/8”. Liaoning Provincial Museum, Shenyang.
  25. 25. Figure 7-20 Meiping vase, from Xiuwi, China, Northern Song period, twelfth century. Stoneware, Cizhou type, with sgraffito decoration, 1’ 7 1/2” high. Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco (Avery Brundage Collection).
  26. 26. Architectural Basics in Early China <ul><li>View architectural basics and plans on page 200 in the textbook. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine early temples and later pagodas. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Figure 7-21 Foguang Si Pagoda, Yingxian, China, Liao Dynasty, 1056.
  28. 28. Figure 7-22 Plan and cross-section of Foguang Si Pagoda, Yingxian, China, Liao Dynasty, 1056. (after L. Liu)
  29. 29. Figure 7-23 MA YUAN, On a Mountain Path in Spring, Southern Song period, early thirteenth century. Album leaf, ink and colors on silk, 10 3/4” X 17”. National Palace Museum, Taibei.
  30. 30. Figure 7-24 ZHOU JICHANG, Arhats Giving Alms to Beggars, Southern Song period, 1184. Ink and colors on silk, 3’ 8” X 1’ 9”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
  31. 31. Figure 7-25 LIANG KAI, Sixth Chan Patriarch Chopping Bamboo, Southern Song period, early thirteenth century. Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 2’ 5 1/4” high. Tokyo National Museum.
  32. 32. 7.2 Korea <ul><li>Recognize the distinctive qualities of Korean pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Buddhist influence on art </li></ul>
  33. 33. Figure 7-27 Shakyamuni Buddha, at entrance to cave temple, Sokkuram, Korea, Great Silla, 751–774. Granite, approx. 11’ high.
  34. 34. Discussion Questions <ul><li>Consider the enormous authority necessary to construct Emperor Shi Huangdi’s burial pit. What do its artifacts indicate about his wealth and power? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the specific visual qualities of Chinese painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key types and designs of Chinese and Korean pottery. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the lasting influence of Chinese accomplishments, such as the Great Wall. Can you identify any similar structures built since that time? </li></ul>

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