Mexican Mafia & Midwest Crime Trends


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What role is the Mexican Mafia playing in the increased crime in the Midwest?

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Mexican Mafia & Midwest Crime Trends

  2. 2. NEWS Chicago Gang Sets Up Shop In Missouri Town Disciples Franchise Their Drugs, Violence December 17, 1995 By Maurice Possley, Tribune Staff Writer.
  3. 3. SPRINGFIELD, Mo. — “When police here arrested 18-year-old Marvin Herron on Aug. 25, 1993, and confiscated a .380-caliber handgun, they were taken aback by the cocksure arrogance of the Harvey, Ill., teenager.”
  4. 4. "Marvin told me that he was from a suburb of Chicago and he had come to Springfield and had been selling crack cocaine,“ "He admitted that he was a member of the Gangster Disciples street gang, that the gun he was carrying was to protect his money and his investment."
  5. 5. "They see there's nothing happening, see dollar signs, set up a prototype, and they're up and running," Knox said. "It's sort of like a McDonald's operation, a franchise.“ Professor George Knox, director of the National Gang Research Center at Chicago State University
  6. 6. Drug Markets Overview “The Midwest HIDTA region contains several primary drug market areas, including the Kansas City, Omaha, and St. Louis…”
  7. 7. Drug Markets Overview “…secondary markets, including Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Fargo/Grand Forks, Sioux City/Sioux Falls, Springfield, and Wichita.”
  8. 8. Drug Retail Distributor Market Meth Hispanic street gangs, Caucasian local independent dealers All markets Crack cocaine African American street gangs, independent dealers All markets Marijuana Hispanic street gangs, African American street gangs, Caucasian local independent dealers All markets Heroin African American street gangs, local independent dealers, Caucasian local independent dealers Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield Table 1. Drugs in the Midwest HIDTA, by Retail Distributor and Market, 2009 Source: Drug Enforcement Administration; Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force
  9. 9. Springfield, MO “Springfield, with a population of more than 150,000, is the county seat of Greene County and is situated along I-44, which connects Springfield to St. Louis and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.”
  10. 10. Figure 2 Midwest HIDTA Region Transportation Infrastructure
  11. 11. Springfield, MO “Mexican DTOs and criminal groups are the principal transporters and wholesale distributors of most illicit drugs in Springfield.”
  12. 12. Springfield, MO “Mexican traffickers transport wholesale quantities of ice methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana from Phoenix; Bakersfield, California; and Texas to Springfield for distribution.”
  13. 13. Springfield, MO “Since 2005…Gangster Disciples members operating in this market has increased, and law enforcement officials report that these criminals now distribute Mexican black tar heroin in addition to crack cocaine.”
  14. 14. Sureño Gangs “…most active criminally…most prolific in gang killings... The African-American gangs are normally the victims of Sureño in hate- crime…Sureños…invading Northern California cities by the hundreds, not vice versa.” Mexican Mafia: The Most Dangerous Gang Surenos you encounter are taking their orders from a higher authority. April 12, 2010 by Richard Valdemar
  15. 15. “No matter which big bad bloody band of barrio bad boys you might be dealing with (in southern California),…all pay taxes to and obey the codes of conduct dictated by the Mexican Mafia.” Mexican Mafia: The Most Dangerous Gang Surenos you encounter are taking their orders from a higher authority. April 12, 2010 by Richard Valdemar
  16. 16. NGIC “…is an agency of the U.S. Government Justice Department… NGIC is a multi-agency effort that integrates the gang intelligence assets of federal, state, and” Info. Source: Wikipedia National Gang Intelligence Center
  17. 17. ”…local law enforcement entities to serve as a centralized intelligence resource for gang information and analytical support.” Info. Source: Wikipedia National Gang Intelligence Center
  19. 19. Page 7: “Gangs are responsible for an average of 48% of violent crime in most jurisdictions…up to 90% in several others…” National Gang Intelligence Center
  20. 20. Page 7: “Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (MDTO)…resulted in gang expansion and violence in a number of jurisdictions.” National Gang Intelligence Center
  21. 21. Page 8: “Gangs are acquiring high-powered, military- style weapons and equipment which poses a significant threat…” National Gang Intelligence Center
  22. 22. Page 9: “…data indicates…since 2009, gang membership increased most significantly… Arizona, California, and Illinois-boast the highest number of gang members.” National Gang Intelligence Center
  23. 23. Page 30: “Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (MDTO) are among the most prominent…because… of the production of most drugs consumed in the U.S.” National Gang Intelligence Center
  24. 24. Page 30: “…street gangs are expanding their influence over drug distribution in rural and suburban areas and acquire drugs directly from MDTOs in Mexico or along the Southwest border” National Gang Intelligence Center
  25. 25. Page48: “THE SOUTHWEST BORDER… US-based gangs, MDTOs and other criminal enterprises in…U.S. and Mexico…incur enormous profit…” National Gang Intelligence Center
  26. 26. Page48: “in…smuggling drugs, arms, and illegal immigrants; and serving as enforcers for MDTO interest on the U.S. side… ” National Gang Intelligence Center
  27. 27. The Chicago Council on Global Affairs THE MIDWESTERNER BLOGGING THE GLOBAL MIDWEST Wednesday, September 18, 2013
  28. 28. The Mexican Connection: Drugs in the Midwest “One of the best descriptions of this recently is an article in the October issue of Bloomberg Markets Magazine that focuses on the billionaire Mexican drug lord Joaquin Guzman, and his success in taking over the Chicago market for heroin, cocaine, marijuana and meth.”
  29. 29. “The article tells how Guzman, from his hideout in the Sierra Madre of northern Mexico, directs the Sinaloa cartel, a multi- billion-dollar drug empire target that supplies 80 percent of the heroin, cocaine, marijuana and meth sold in the Chicago region – a $3 billion per year business. The result is a monopoly that has eliminated price competition between gangs and replaced it with a bloody competition for turf.”
  30. 30. “If this Mexican immigration – nearly 1.5 million people in the city and suburbs – is a huge contribution to the city’s current prosperity, this criminal underground feeds the violence that scars its poorer neighborhoods.”
  31. 31. “It’s not that most of the victims are gang members, although many undoubtedly are: many of the victims, including children, are innocent targets caught in the gunfire. But most of the violence that kills them originates in turf battles between the drug gangs.”
  32. 32. “It’s also the destruction of the housing projects, which were high-rise poverty warehouses controlled by gangs: many police refused to go into them. They’re mostly gone now, but their gangbangers have scattered to previously peaceful black neighborhoods: an elderly woman I know in the middle class Chatham neighborhood says she now feels like a prisoner in her own home.”
  33. 33. “At the same time, police have broken up many of the huge gangs that used to dominate Chicago’s drug trade. There’s not much good to say about these gangs, but they did discipline their troops and focus the violence. In their place now are hundreds of mini-gangs, each heavily armed and fighting to establish control over their own street corner.”
  34. 34. “This crackdown has worked, in a fashion. It pretty well put local meth labs out of business. But it opened a market for Mexican meth, one of Guzman’s products. It also created demand for other drugs, including cocaine and heroin, which by all accounts are flooding into rural Midwestern counties.”
  35. 35. ‘We Have Never Experienced This’: Chilling Drug Cartel-Style Threats Hit Texas Billboards May. 24, 2014 Jason Howerton
  36. 36. El Paso police were investigating two mysterious messages painted onto billboards in the border city that included mannequins dressed in suits hanging from nooses.
  37. 37. “One message read “silver or lead” in Spanish, a threat heard in Mexico signifying pay up or get shot.” “This (message) has historically been used by Mexican drug cartels to threaten or intimidate Mexican citizens, business owners and government officials.”
  38. 38. “The message on the other billboard read, “dying for drugs.” “Whoever did this went through a lot of work to get this accomplished,” said Phil Jordan, a former Drug Enforcement Administration agent…”.
  39. 39. “This is possibly a message to someone who hasn’t cooperated with the cartels…this is going to make the El Paso population uneasy, given that the city is not far from the killing fields of Mexico.”
  40. 40. Border agent laments gang members entering U.S.: ‘Why are we letting him in here?’ Saturday, June 14, 2014
  41. 41. “Border Patrol officials are swamped by…crossing illegally into the United States and…they can’t turn away known Mexican gang members. Chris Cabrera, vice president of the National Border Patrol Council Local 3307…, said… confirmed gang members in Mexico including…Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) are coming…to be reunited with their families, National Review reported Friday.