Homelessness in Montgomery County
Mission








MCCH’s mission to end homelessness is based on
the belief that every person is entitled to the
dignity...
Homelessness Nationwide


Point-in-time count conducted in 2012 reported that
633,782 people were experiencing homelessne...
Homelessness in Montgomery County




Point-in-time survey on January 30, 2013 counted
1,007 homeless persons 1
 117 fa...
Homelessness in Montgomery County




PIT count of homeless households without children 1
 35% considered chronically h...
Causes of Homelessness:
Lack of Affordable Housing




In no jurisdiction in the United States can a
minimum wage earner...
Lack of Affordable Housing
in Montgomery County




2010 median sales price of a single-family detached
house was $455,0...
Causes of Homelessness: Poverty




People who are homeless are a subset of those living
in poverty
In Montgomery County...
Causes of Homelessness: Disabilities


PIT count of homeless households without children 1
 68% reported chronic substan...
100,000 Homes Campaign
Montgomery County has joined the national 100,000
Homes Campaign
 Homeless individuals are 3–4 tim...
Other Causes of Homelessness








Domestic violence
Lack of affordable healthcare
Direct discharge into the homele...
Montgomery County Services






Prevention
Outreach and engagement
Emergency and transitional shelters
Safe Havens h...
Emergency Shelter

Home Builder’s Care Assessment Center men’s emergency shelter
Safe Havens Housing

Adrianne’s Safe Haven
Permanent Housing

Cordell Place
Seneca Heights Apartments
Permanent Housing

Creative Housing Initiative Pilot
Project
Home First
Permanent Housing

Hope Housing

Partnership for Permanent Housing
Join With Us

www.mcch.net
mcch@mcch.net
301-217-0314
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Homelessness in Montgomery County

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  • Who we are-Bit of history, evolution and current mission –mention plan, permanent housing as emphasis Started in the mid-1980s as a loose coalition of service providers in response to the growing number of people experiencing homelessness in our community. 1990 MCCH officially incorporated to allow the organizations to raise funds, hire staff, and operate its own programs. Today where we serve 1,600 men, women, and children in our community through 9 unique programs
  • There were over 630,000 people experiencing homelessness on a particular night in January 2012 in the United States.This number is generated by a one day count that is done each year called the Point -in -Time survey. Disclaimer about the count is that is only shows a snapshot.Of that number,239,403 are people in families, and close to394,379 are individuals.15.8%of the homeless population is considered "chronically homeless"These people were homeless for long periods or repeatedly over timeThis population uses approximately 50% of the resources Almost 10%of the homeless population—62,619—are veterans.Of the 633,782 comprising the homeless population, 61.6% were living in shelters or transitional housing
  • There’s homelessness in Montgomery County?Many people living in Montgomery County don’t fully understand the issue of homelessness besides the few people they see on the streets In Montgomery County no children sleep on the streets
  • Why are people homeless? Some of the reason people are homeless They don’t have anywhere to liveWhy don’t they have anywhere to live? Lack of affordable housingThere has been a reduced availability of affordable housing over the years Classification for "Low"In order to be classified as low income, the household must earn 80 percent or lower than the median income of the county where you live. Classification for "Very Low"In order to classify as having very low income, the household must earn 50 percent or less of the median income for the number of people per household in your county.Classification for "Extremely Low"For a household to qualify as extremely low income, the household must earn 30 percent or less of the median income for the county.Very low income (VLI)-experience less of a shortage but with only 87 affordable units for every 100 VLI renter in 2010Low income (LI)—important to note that a surplus of affordable units was found for households in the low income category in 2010. There were 134 units for every 100 renter households.
  • Housing is expensive, especially true in Montgomery County.There are only 168 hours in a week
  • Homelessness is inextricably linked to poverty.Most of us know people who suffer from a mental illness or abuse substances but maintain housing because they have money and support networks (family or friends who help). While many homeless people have other underlying issues, they become homeless because they lack resources.Lack of affordable housing coupled with poverty results in homelessness.Homelessness is poverty without a bed
  • Disclaimer that these numbers come from the one-day count. More people without disabilities are homeless over the course of a year – they tend to enter and exit more quickly because they have fewer barriers.Many of us know people who have these problems but aren’t homeless. In addition to their disability they also lack the resources. There are a variety of clinics, as well as outreach, housing, and shelter-based programs, which provide medical services to homeless populations in our community.
  • Economic disasters…Thousands of homes have been foreclosed in the past year.Some have entered the homeless system, but many have averted it because they have resources and/or support network.Has resulted in a tightening rental market, which raises the cost of rental housing and jeopardizes people living in poverty.
  • Prevention: Emphasis on keeping people housed to prevent the housing crisis Outreach: Conduct outreach to engage people who are difficult to serveOutreach workers, primarily focused in Bethesda, Silver Spring and GaithersburgA few examples: Drop-in day programs, Mobile Crisis Team, and Crisis Intervention Team of Police Department
  • Ultimate goal is to move out quickly FamiliesGuarantee of shelterIncludes comprehensive assessmentNeeds of children are paramountSingle AdultsNo guarantee of shelterAvailability of beds increases in the winter monthsHome Builders Care Assessment Center – A year-round, 24/7 emergency shelter for over 800 men experiencing homelessness in our community each year. The shelter offers a range of services and amenities including showers, bunks, meals, case management, medical care, and job training and vocational counseling services.
  • Save Havens Housing: “Action” oriented – have specific goals that people need to be addressingSafe Havens HousingA low-demand housing program for 40 chronically mentally ill, homeless adults. Safe Havens provides case management, counseling, life skills development, and on-site psychiatric services with the goal of helping clients transition to a healthy life with permanent housing.
  • Main focus is on permanent housing programs Philosophy of Housing First “Housing is a human right” Universal Declaration of Human Rights In FY12,MCCH served over 1,540 homeless and formerly homeless men, women, and children. This included 163 families (316 children and193 adults in families) and 1,031 individual adults.MCCH provided:• 163 families and 240 individuals withpermanent housing.• 748 homeless men with emergency shelter.• 43 individuals with Safe Havens housing.Cordell Place—MCCH’s newest award winning program provides permanent housing to 32 single men and women in downtown Bethesda, in a facility featuring Personal Living Quarters, shared kitchens, a community room, and other amenities. All tenants receive on-site case management as well as the opportunity to engage in a range of community events and activities.Seneca Heights Apartments – An award winning, innovative model combining housing, services and amenities. Seneca Heights serves as permanent housing for 40 single adults and 17 families moving from shelters to independent living quarters. All tenants receive on-site case management and social services as well as the opportunity to engage in a wide variety of community events and activities.
  • Homelessness in Montgomery County

    1. 1. Homelessness in Montgomery County
    2. 2. Mission     MCCH’s mission to end homelessness is based on the belief that every person is entitled to the dignity of a home. Housing First Initiative—places permanent housing at the center of ending homelessness. Create housing options and provide supportive services Advocacy and education
    3. 3. Homelessness Nationwide  Point-in-time count conducted in 2012 reported that 633,782 people were experiencing homelessness on one night in January 2012 1  15.8 % were chronically homeless  9.9% were veterans  38.4% were unsheltered—living on the streets or in other places meant for human habitation 1 The State of Homelessness in America 2013, National Alliance to End Homelessness not
    4. 4. Homelessness in Montgomery County   Point-in-time survey on January 30, 2013 counted 1,007 homeless persons 1  117 families—140 adults, 229 children (369 total)  638 individuals 2.5 % increase over 2012, but 11% decrease 2011-2013 1  Decrease attributed to increase in permanent supportive housing. 1 Homelessness in Metropolitan Washington: Results and Analysis from the 2013 Point-in-Time Count of Homeless Persons in the Metropolitan Washington Region
    5. 5. Homelessness in Montgomery County   PIT count of homeless households without children 1  35% considered chronically homeless  58% reported some type of income  5% reported veteran status Formerly homeless persons residing in permanent supportive housing increased 15% over 2011 1 1 Homelessness in Metropolitan Washington: Results and Analysis from the 2013 Point-in-Time Count of Homeless Persons in the Metropolitan Washington Region
    6. 6. Causes of Homelessness: Lack of Affordable Housing   In no jurisdiction in the United States can a minimum wage earner afford housing 1 One of the most frequently self-reported reasons for homelessness is the inability to afford housing  In 1970, there were 300,000 more affordable housing units than low-income households that needed them 2  In 2010, there were 4.3 million fewer affordable units for extremely low income renters 3 1 Key Data Concerning Homeless Persons in America, 2004, NLCHP 2 NAEH, Toolkit for Ending Homelessness, 2003 3 National Low Income Housing Coalition, Housing Spotlight, Volume 2, Issue 1
    7. 7. Lack of Affordable Housing in Montgomery County   2010 median sales price of a single-family detached house was $455,000 1 Renters living alone must make $28.96/hr to afford a two-bedroom apartment at fair market rent of $1,506 2  Minimum wage is $7.25/hr  A minimum wage earner would need to work about four full-time jobs to afford a two-bedroom apartment at fair market rate in Montgomery County 3 1 2012 Montgomery County Snapshot 2 The Sentinel, 2012 3 2012 National Low Income Housing Coalition Report
    8. 8. Causes of Homelessness: Poverty   People who are homeless are a subset of those living in poverty In Montgomery County 29% of homeless adults in households without children and 47% of those with children are employed 1  20,330 children live in families whose income is below the poverty line 2  1/3 of county school children receive free and reducedprice school meals 3  1 Homelessness in Metropolitan Washington: Results and Analysis from the 2013 Point-in-Time Count of Homeless Persons in the Metropolitan Washington Region 2 KIDS COUNT Data Center, from US Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates for 2011 3 http://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/about/
    9. 9. Causes of Homelessness: Disabilities  PIT count of homeless households without children 1  68% reported chronic substance abuse, serious mental health issues, or co-occurring disorders  40% reported chronic health problems and/or physical disability  Montgomery County is galvanizing resources to create permanent supportive housing opportunities for homeless people with medical vulnerabilities 1 Homelessness in Metropolitan Washington: Results and Analysis from the 2013 Point-in-Time Count of Homeless Persons in the Metropolitan Washington Region
    10. 10. 100,000 Homes Campaign Montgomery County has joined the national 100,000 Homes Campaign  Homeless individuals are 3–4 times more likely to die  prematurely than the general population 1 Our local campaign will prioritize homeless individuals who are most in need of housing and improve access to permanent supportive housing and services  O’Connell JJ. Premature Mortality in Homeless Populations: A Review of the Literature, 19 pages. Nashville: National Health Care for the Homeless Council, Inc., 2005. 1
    11. 11. Other Causes of Homelessness      Domestic violence Lack of affordable healthcare Direct discharge into the homeless system from prisons/jails, hospitals, child welfare and mental health systems Natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and fires Economic disasters such as job loss and home foreclosures
    12. 12. Montgomery County Services      Prevention Outreach and engagement Emergency and transitional shelters Safe Havens housing Permanent housing programs with supportive services
    13. 13. Emergency Shelter Home Builder’s Care Assessment Center men’s emergency shelter
    14. 14. Safe Havens Housing Adrianne’s Safe Haven
    15. 15. Permanent Housing Cordell Place Seneca Heights Apartments
    16. 16. Permanent Housing Creative Housing Initiative Pilot Project Home First
    17. 17. Permanent Housing Hope Housing Partnership for Permanent Housing
    18. 18. Join With Us www.mcch.net mcch@mcch.net 301-217-0314
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