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Nature of Culture Notes
 

Nature of Culture Notes

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    Nature of Culture Notes Nature of Culture Notes Presentation Transcript

    • Monday, February 25, Warm-Up
      • On your Unit Sheet, under Warm-Up #1, answer the following question:
      • 1. What is culture?
      • _____
    • The Nature of Culture
      • What is culture?
        • Culture the ways in which a particular group of people lives, including their shared knowledge, values, customs and physical objects
    • The Nature of Culture
      • When studying cultures throughout the world, you will analyze various cultures by distinguishing between:
        • cultural traits – the smallest element in a culture nonmaterial, such as a belief
        • cultural items – a material culture trait, which can be seen, handled and used
    • American Culture
      • In groups of 4
        • draw 10 pictures of cultural items that represent American culture
        • write a list of 10 ideas, beliefs or concepts that are cultural traits of American culture.
    • Tuesday, February 26, Warm-Up
      • Answer the following question under Warm-Up #2 on your unit sheet:
      • Given your understanding of the purpose of studying sociology, why is it important to study culture?
      • * Under essential questions, change question #1 to What is the purpose of studying culture?
    • The Nature of Culture
      • What is culture?
        • Culture the ways in which a particular group of people lives, including their shared knowledge, values, customs and physical objects
        • Religion, dress, music, group behavior, jobs, lifestyles, daily life, family, rules, objects, gestures, symbols, ideas, values, traditions, foods, language, morals, trends, greetings, manners, drinks, laws, art, knowledge, homes
    • What is the purpose of studying sociology?
      • Understand social structure
      • Explain reasoning for group’s pattern of behavior
      • Repeat or change behavior
      • Promote conformity
    • Culture vs. Society
      • Culture the ways in which a particular group of people lives, including their shared knowledge, values, customs and physical objects
      • Society a specific territory inhabited by people who share a common culture
      • A society’s culture is their total way of life. Culture needs a society of people to develop and a society will not stay intact without culture.
    • Thursday, February 28, Warm-Up
      • On your Unit Sheets under WarmUp #3, answer the following question:
      • What are basic needs of all humans?
    • American Culture
      • Cultural Items
      • Cultural Traits
      • McDonalds Drugs
      • Ford
      • Music
      • Baseball
      • Money
      • Chevy
      • Statue Of Liberty
      • Michael Jordan
      • Flag
      • Football
      • Ipod
      • Cell phone
      • Twin Towers
      • Mall
      • MYSPACE
      • Authority & Freedom Diversity
      • Opportunities
      • Money
      • Freedom of religion
      • Power & rights
      • Freedom of speech
      • Democracy
      • Education
      • Liberty
      • Justice
      • Patriotism
      • Advertising
      • Gluttony
      • Arrogant
    • Nacirema Culture
      • Cultural Items
      • Cultural Traits
      • Charm box
      • Holy water
      • Shrine
      • Charms
      • Potions
      • Sharp instruments
      • Body is ugly
    • Given the list of cultural items and traits, what Americans value? Given the list of cultural items and traits, the people of Nacirema value ?
    • What is the purpose of studying culture?
      • reasoning for why people act the way that they do
      • Understanding other ethnicities
      • Explain why beliefs of groups exist
      • Similarities/differences of cultural groups
      • New perspective of life and behavior
    • What is the purpose of studying culture?
      • Studying culture will help us to understand and explain the patterns of behavior of societies, or cultural groups.
      • Studying culture will help us to determine what behavior is universal across cultures and why cultures differ from region to region.
      • Studying culture will help us to determine which human behavior is instinctive, or innate, unlearned behavior, and which behavior is learned.
    • What is the purpose of studying sociology?
      • Understand social structure
      • Explain reasoning for group’s pattern of behavior
      • Repeat or change behavior
      • Promote conformity
    • The Nature of Culture Quiz 1
      • What is culture?
      • List 5 objects that would be considered cultural items for any culture.
      • List 5 ideas that would be considered cultural traits for any culture.
      • What is the purpose of studying culture?
    • Class assignment, complete and discuss.
      • Given our discussion on culture and basic needs all people, write a 2-paragraph response to the following:
      • Two-thousand years ago, their are 2 groups of people. One group lives in a coastal, or ocean-side, village in what is now Alaska. While the other group lives next to a river on the equator, in what is now Ghana (in Africa). Describe how each group’s society and culture may have developed. (hint: in your answer consider what characteristics define culture, geography and basic human needs).
    • Cultures Developing
      • Culture of group in Alaska
      • Culture of group in Ghana
    • How are language and culture related? (essential question #2)
      • IDEA #1:
      • In order for it to survive, culture must be transmitted, or shared, from one generation to the next.
      • HOW CAN CULTURE BE TRANSMITTED?
    • Transmission of Culture
      • Cultures can be spread and communicated through the use of symbols.
      • Symbols are a thing that stands for or represents something else.
      • Examples of symbols can include sounds, smells, tastes, gestures, expressions, images, people, objects, or a word
      • School
      • School Crossing
    • Men at Work
    • Car Rental
    • Elevator
    • Answer the following question
      • How are symbols essential, or important in transmitting culture?
    • Language and Culture
      • Task #1:
      • On the following 3 pages, you will view a series of colors you must identify all of these colors by writing its color name on the specific box identified. Your entire group must be in agreement when identifying each color.
    • Language and Culture
      • Task #1:
      • On the following 3 pages, you will view a series of colors you must
      • identify all of these colors by writing its color name on the specific box identified
      • your entire group must be in agreement when identifying each color
    • What color is it?
    • What color is it?
    • What color is it?
    • How are language and culture related? (essential question #2)
      • IDEA #1:
      • In order for it to survive, culture must be transmitted, or shared, from one generation to the next.
      • IDEA #2:
      • Our understanding of a thing relates to the complexity and detail of the words we use to describe it (also known as the hypothesis of linguistic relativity or the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis )
    • Language and Culture
      • Task #3
      • Read the expressions on the following page and complete the following:
      • What is the meaning of the expression?
      • How might someone who is just learning American English perceive this expression?
      • Expression: A leopard can’t change its spots.
      • Expression: Getting up on the wrong side of bed.
      • Expression: Kick the bucket.
      • Expression: It’s raining cats and dogs.
    • Language and Culture
      • Task #2
      • On the following pages American English will be compared to other languages. Examine each page and complete the following tasks:
      • Write in additional synonyms for the words provided
      • What can be learned about each culture based on the number, or lack of, synonyms of the words studied. (hint-what does the culture value, or what is important)
    • Language and Culture
      • American English
      • Inuit (Eskimo Language)
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE SNOW
      • Fluff
      • Ice powder
      • Slush
      • Snowstorm
      • Snowfall
      • Snowflake
      • Hail
      • Sleet
      • Ice
      • Blizzard
      • Frozen precipitation
      • Wintery weather
      • Frozen rain
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE SNOW
      • See Attached
    • Language and Culture
      • American English
      • Twi (a Ghanaian Language)
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE HELLO
      • Hey what’s good
      • Yo what’s poppin
      • What’s up
      • Hi
      • Hola
      • Chello
      • Ayo
      • Aye
      • Greetings
      • Good morning
      • Good day
      • Morning
      • Good afternoon
      • Ciao
      • Howdy
      • bonjour
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE GOOD MORNING (Only)
      • Mekyea wo
      • Ma akye
      • Ma aha
      • Ma adwo
      • Agoo
      • Amee
      • Yoo
      • Nante Ye
      • Wo ho te sEn
      • Kyea
      • Yaa agya
      • Yaa ena
    • Language and Culture
      • American English
      • Twi (a Ghanaian Language)
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE MONEY
      • Beans bejamins
      • Bills stalks
      • Bread funds
      • Banknote coin
      • Cash dibs
      • Check dinero
      • Cabbage scratch
      • Dough rocks
      • Capital mula
      • Green green stuff
      • Dollar bill
      • Cask
      • Buck
      • Guap
      • Chedda
      • cheese
      • WORDS THAT DESCRIBE MONEY
      • Cedis
    • How are language and culture related? (essential question #2)
      • IDEA #1:
      • In order for it to survive, culture must be transmitted, or shared, from one generation to the next.
      • IDEA #2:
      • Our understanding of a thing relates to the complexity and detail of the words we use to describe it (also known as the hypothesis of linguistic relativity or the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis )
      • IDEA #3:
      • When something is important to a society, its language will have many words to describe. Values of a cultural group can be understood by studying its language.
    • Monday, March 10, Warm-Up
      • On your Unit Sheet, complete the following:
      • Write one paragraph explaining how language and culture are related.
    • How are language and culture related? (essential question #2)
      • IDEA #1:
      • In order for it to survive, culture must be transmitted, or shared, from one generation to the next.
      • IDEA #2:
      • Our understanding of a thing relates to the complexity and detail of the words we use to describe it (also known as the hypothesis of linguistic relativity or the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis )
      • IDEA #3:
      • When something is important to a society, its language will have many words to describe. Values of a cultural group can be understood by studying its language.
    • Wednesday, March 12, Warm-Up
      • 1. What are you suppose to do when you cough?
      • 2. What is the speed limit on Connecticut highways?
      • 3. How many spouses can an American have?
      • 4. How do you shake someone’s hand?
      • 5. Is murder acceptable?
      • 6. Is lying acceptable?
    • Identifying cultures
        • Culture –the ways in which a particular group of people lives, including their shared knowledge, values, customs and physical objects
      • Sub-culture – groups in society share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population
      • Counterculture – a subculture deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central beliefs or attitudes of the dominant culture
    • What components define a culture?
      • All cultures, regardless of time, location or size have the following:
        • Symbols
        • Language
        • Technology
        • Values
        • Norms, including folkways, mores, and laws
    • What are symbols?
      • Symbols are anything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it. Language, gestures, images, sounds, physical objects, events, and elements of the natural world can serve as symbols as long as people recognize that they convey a particular meaning.
    • What is technology?
      • Technology is knowledge of tools people use for practical purposes
      • What are examples of tools people use for practical purposes today?
    • What is language?
      • Language is an organization of written and spoken symbols into a standardized system.
    • Read the following:
        • Aoccdrnig to rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, itdeosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrodare, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The rset can be a total mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm.
    • What are values?
      • Values are shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
      • A cultural group could have:
        • Religious values
        • Political values
        • Economic values
        • Gender values
        • Age-related values
    • Answer:
      • 1. What are you suppose to do when you cough?
      • 2. What is the speed limit on Connecticut highways?
      • 3. How many spouses can an American have?
      • 4. How do you shake someone’s hand?
      • 5. Is murder acceptable?
      • 6. Is lying acceptable?
    • What are norms*?
      • Norms are shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations in order to enforce cultural values, norms include:
        • Folkways
        • Mores
        • Laws
    • In relation to norms, what are folkways?
      • Folkways are norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them—the common customs of everyday life
        • How many time a week should a person shower?
        • Examples of folkways are: rules for eating, sleeping, supporting school activities, removing your hat indoors, rules for dress
    • In relation to norms, what are mores?
      • Mores are norms that have great moral significance attached to them
        • Examples can include: working for a living, standing up at during the national anthem or pledge of allegiance, not using profanity during a religious service, respecting the limitations of others whether it be physical or mental, telling the truth
    • In relation to norms, what are laws?
        • Laws are written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government. By definition, the violation of these norms is considered a criminal act