CH 1: What's Sociology?
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CH 1: What's Sociology?






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    CH 1: What's Sociology? CH 1: What's Sociology? Presentation Transcript

      • If sociology is the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of individuals within these groups, THEN
      • What topics will be addressed in the study of sociology? (Please Answer)
    • What is studied in sociology?
      • Given the list of topics that may be studied in sociology, what questions might be asked about these topics?
      • YOUR TASK:
        • In groups, create a list of questions that may be asked about your topic in relation to the study of sociology?
    • What is Sociology?
      • Sociology – the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of individuals within these groups
      • Groups – can range from individual family to an entire society
      • Social Structure – the patterned interaction of people in social relationships
      • Categories of people will interact in the same patterned way or relationship regardless of time or location
    • When studying groups, sociologists are attempting to answer 4 basic questions:
      • How much of human behavior is inherited?
      • How much of human behavior is learned?
      • How much is human behavior determined by the individual?
      • How much is human behavior determined by the group?
    • In the study of sociology, how is information gathered?
      • Social facts are any social activity or situation that can be observed and measured.
      • Examples of social facts could be:
      • attendance at sporting events, crime patterns, patterns of religious affiliation, marriage rates, unemployment and underemployment rates, patterns of educational level reached
    • Conformity
      • What is conformity?
      • acting according to certain accepted standards
    • Conformity
      • Why do people conform?
        • Emotional response, such as joy or fear
        • Acceptance into group
        • Shared values with group
    • Sociology and Conformity
      • How understanding conformity contribute to the study of sociology?
    • Sociological Assumptions
              • People do not make decisions in isolation rather they value the attitudes of the group
              • People base decisions on the norms and values of groups
              • People will conform to match group behavior.
    • What is the purpose of studying sociology?
      • How does group behavior influence individual behavior , or cause an individual to conform?
      • How does the group change behavior over time?
      • How can the group be used to change or influence individual behavior?
      • How do events effect individual’s daily lives?
      • How do events and group behavior help a person make decisions about his/her own life?
    • Theoretical Perspectives
              • Theoretical perspective a set of assumptions accepted as true, or an area of study
              • The way you interpret and understand the meaning of an image or event
              • In sociology, theoretical perspectives are assumptions on how society should be studied
    • Functionalism
      • Definition:
        • Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
        • Example: Family, economy and religion are “parts” of a society and each contributes to other “parts” of society
      • How does theory explain change in society?
        • A change in one part of society can lead to change in another part of society
        • Society tends to return to a state of stability after some upheaval has occurred
    • Conflict Perspective
    • Symbolic Interactionism
      • Definition
        • the approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols
      • How does theory explain change in society?
        • Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #1 we learn the meaning of a symbol from the way we see others reacting to it
        • Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #2 we base our behavior or interaction based on the meanings of symbols
        • Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #3 we use the meanings of symbols to imagine how others will respond to our behavior