Mba 512 Final Example 1

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Mba 512 Final Example 1

  1. 1. 11/19/2009 EXPLORATION: OBESITY FACTS  Experts say that inactivity and poor eating habit contribute to obesity in children  Over 16% of children aged 6-10 years old are obese , number has tripled since 1980  1/3 of U.S. children ages 4-19 eat fast food everyday, resulting in an extra 6 pounds a year per child OBESITY IN CHILDREN  Parent supporting bad choices By: Laura Weidner and Courtney Palmer EXPLORATION: OBESITY FACTS EXPLORATION: OBESITY FACTS  According to Centers for Disease Control…  CDC recommends up to an hour a day  Obesity is the result of a calorie imbalance minimum of physical activity  Children currently doing less than that  Among boys – Hispanics have the highest prevalence to obesity  This leads to an increase in adult obesity as  Mexican American children ages 6-11 years of well because these children grow up to be an age are more likely to be overweight obese adult  Also leads to the development of type 2  Among girls – African Americans have the highest prevalence of obesity diabetes 1
  2. 2. 11/19/2009 QUESTIONS: RELATED FACTORS:  Overall Questions: Why is there an increase in  What can be the cause  Are children affected obesity among children? of child obesity? with being overweight?  Research Questions: Are parents feeding their  Genetics - Express Frustration children unhealthy foods, resulting in an  Lack of physical activity  Are children watching too increase in child obesity?  Are the parents much television?  Research Hypothesis: Consumption of contributing to their  Hours per week unhealthy fat bearing foods along with little child’s unhealthy  Relate to amount of exercise can result in increased weight gain lifestyle? physical activity among children.  Using food for comfort  Using food as a reward DATA COLLECTION DATA PREPARATION - SURVEY  Target audience: parents of obese children 1) How often do your children engage in physical activity?  Sampling Plan: worked with endocrinologists and ( ) Every Day How Often do they Perform their patients to get the best results ( ) Often Physical Activity  Lordes Hospital ( ) Occasionally Everyday Often  Wilson Hospital ( ) Not at All Ocassionally  Diabetes centers in Binghamton, New York Not at All  Summary of respondents: passed out 30 surveys, 2) Has your healthcare provider ever suggested your child lose received back 17 weight? Healthcare Provider Has  Method of survey administration: printed the Suggested Weight Loss ( ) Yes surveys onto paper and handed them out to 15 parent at doctors offices ( ) No 10 5 0 Yes No 2
  3. 3. 11/19/2009 SURVEY QUESTION SURVEY QUESTION 3) How does obesity affect your child? 5) How important is physical activity to your family’s lifestyle? ( ) Emotionally How Does Obesity Affect Your Child ( ) Very Important Importance of Physical Activity ( ) Socially 8 ( ) Important 7 6 6 ( ) Not at All ( ) Neutral Axis Title 5 4 4 ( ) Unsure 2 0 ( ) Less Important 3 2 1 Emotionally Socially Not at All Unsure ( ) Not Important at All 0 Very Important Important Neutral Less Important Not Important 4) What do you believe is the cause of your child’s obesity? At All Diet____ 6) Do you use food to reward your child? (such as fact food or sweets) Yes Lack of Physical Activity___ 12 ( ) Every Day Uses Food as a Reward 10 Genetics___ 8 ( ) Often Not at All Is not obese___ 6 4 Yes ( ) Occasionally Ocasionally 2 ( ) Not at All Often Uses Food as a Reward 0 Poor Diet Lack of Physical Genetics Not Obese Everyday Activity 0 2 4 6 8 SURVEY QUESTION SURVEY QUESTION 7) How many hours in a week does your child watch TV, play video 8) How certain are you that your children are eating the following games or sit in front of the computer? foods? ( ) less than 5 hours a week ( ) between 10 and 15 hours a week Fruits Green Vegetables Fiber Enriched Foods ( ) between 20 and 30 hours a week 14 ( ) more than 30 hours a week ( ) Very Uncertain 12 Hours of TV/Games Watched/Played ( ) Uncertain 10 8 7 ( ) Neutral 8 Fruit 6 6 Vegatables 5 ( ) Certain 4 Fiber Enriched 4 3 2 ( ) Very Certain 2 0 1 Very Uncertain Uncertain Neutral Certain Very Certain 0 Less than 5hrs Between 10-15hrs Between 20-30hrs More than 30hrs 3
  4. 4. 11/19/2009 SURVEY QUESTION TELEVISION TIME 9) Do you use food to comfort your child?  Null: On average obese children do not watch more than 20 hours of television per week ( ) Yes Uses Food as a Comfort  Alt: On average obese children do watch more than 20 hours of ( ) No television per week  One-Sampled Hypothesis Test for the Mean Yes No  One Tailed  T-Observed = 0.398 Hypothesized Value = 2.59  T-Critical = 1.746 Sample Mean = 2.67  P-value = 0.348 Standard Deviation = 0.80 10) Does your child express frustration over their physical  Significance Level = 0.05 Sample Size = 17 abilities? Child Frustrated by Weight  Degrees of Freedom = 16 ( ) Yes 12 10 8  Cannot reject the null! ( ) No 6 4 2 0 Yes No PHYSICAL ACTIVITY VS. GENETICS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY VS. GENETICS  Null: Lack of physical activity is not more of a cause for  Two Tailed child obesity than genetics  Alt: Lack of physical activity is more of a cause of child  Pooled Proportion = 0.0607 obesity than genetics  Standard Deviation = 0.189  Two-Sampled Hypothesis Test for the Proportion  T-Observed = 2.632  x-value sample 1 (frustrated) 10 sample size 1 11  T-Critical = 1.960 proportion 1 0.909  P-Value = 0.008  x-value sample 2 (not frustrated) 7  Significance Level = 0.05 sample size 2 17 proportion 2 0.412  Reject the Null! 4
  5. 5. 11/19/2009 EXPRESSED FRUSTRATION PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND TV TIME  Null: There is a difference in expressed frustrations over physical  Null: There is no relationship between TV time and abilities  Alt: There is not a difference in expressed frustrations over physical lack of physical activity abilities  Alt: There is a relationship between TV time and  Two-Sampled Hypothesis Test for the Mean lack of physical activity Two Tailed  Simple Linear Regression Test   T-Observed = (0.665) Hypothesized Value = 0.67  T-Critical = 1.746 Sample Mean = 0.59  X= Amount of TV time, Y= Lack of Physical Act.  P-Value = 0.516 Standard Deviation = 0.51  R Squared = 52% P-Value = 0.001048  Significance Level = 0.05 Sample Size = 17  Degrees of Freedom 16  Standard Error = 0.352 Coefficient: Hours of TV =  Significance Level = 0.001048 0.44767442  Cannot Reject the Null!  Reject the Null! HEALTHCARE PROVIDER AND USING FOOD AS HEALTHCARE PROVIDER AND USING FOOD AS COMFORT, USING FOOD AS A REWARD COMFORT, USING FOOD AS A REWARD  Null: There is no relationship between healthcare provider  Correlation Coefficients: FC = 0.618 FR = -0.614 suggestion of child loosing weight and the use of food for  Adjusted R-Squared = 35% comfort, and use of food as a reward by parents  Standard Error = .398  Alt: There is a relationship between healthcare provider suggestion of child loosing weight and the use of food for  Significance Level = 0.01957 comfort, and use of food as a reward by parents  P-Values: FC = 0.279 FR = 0.296  Multiple Regression Test  Coefficients: FC = 0.3466667 FR = -0.1866667  x= Food as comfort, and food as reward  Both P-values are higher than 0.05 therefore neither use  y= Has a healthcare provider suggested a child looses weight? of food by parents affects a healthcare providers suggest on weather or not a child should loose weight  Cannot Reject the Null! 5
  6. 6. 11/19/2009 CONCLUSION THANK YOU!  There is an increase in child obesity due to:  Lack of physical activity more so than genetics  Children watching too much television each week  Could not necessarily blame parents for obesity based on our survey  May not want to blame themselves when answering survey questions  Cannot be certain the cause is fat bearing foods  Only asked about health food consumption  Unfortunately being obese affects children in a negative way Any Questions  Often expressing frustrations 6

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