China is located in Southeast Asia along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, China is the worlds third largest country, after Russia and Canada. With an area of 9.6 million square kilometers and a coastline of 18,000 kilometers, its shape on the map is like a rooster. It reaches Mohe in Heilongjiang Province as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha to the south, Pamirs to the west, and expands to the eastern border.
Peking is the capital of the Peoples Republicof China and one of the most populous citiesin the world, with a population of 19,612,368as of 2010. The metropolis, located innorthern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the nationalgovernment, with 14 urban and suburbandistricts and two rural counties. BeijingMunicipality is surrounded by HebeiProvince with the exception of neighboringTianjin Municipality to the southeast.
The Renminbi (Chinese: 人民 币) is the official currency ofthe Peoples Republic ofChina (PRC). It is the legaltender in mainland China, butnot in Hong Kong and Macau. Itis abbreviated as RMB, and theunits for the Renminbi are theYuan (元), Jiao (角), and Fen (分): 1 Yuan = 10 Jiao = 100 Fen.
Chinese civilization originated in various regional centers along both the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys in the Neolithic era, but the Yellow River is said to be the Cradle of Chinese Civilization. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the worlds oldest civilizations. The written history of China can be found as early as the Shang Dynasty (c. 1700 – 1046 BC), although ancient historical texts such as the Records of the Grand Historian (ca. 100 BC) and Bamboo Annals assert the existence of a Xia Dynasty before the Shang. Oracle bones with ancient Chinese writing have been dated to the late Shang Dynasty around 1200 BC . Much of Chinese culture, literature and philosophy further developed during the Zhou Dynasty (1045–256 BC).
Hu JintaoHu Jintao , pronounced born 21December 1942) is the currentParamount leader of the PeoplesRepublic of China. He has held thetitles of General Secretary of theCommunist Party of China since2002, President of the PeoplesRepublic of China since 2003, andChairman of the Central MilitaryCommission since 2004, succeedingJiang Zemin as the chief of thefourth generation of leadership ofthe Communist Party of China
In China, summer is warm and short while winter is cold and long. Trees in South China stay green around the year. Local people often wear heavy coats in the morning and change into short sleeve silk shirts at noon. Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in Southwest China is characterized by low temperature among four seasons.It is an extremely cold area in China
Table Tennis, Badminton, Diving, and Gymnastics are quite popular in China. Football is the most popular sport in China today
Built as a defensive wall, construction started between two and four hundred years B.C. When finished, the Great Wall guarded approximately four thousand miles of border. Although many sections of the wall have fallen into decay, there are numerous locations where you can see the Great Wall at its best: the most commonly visited Great Wall site is north of Beijing in Badaling
Since 1959, Tibet has been administered by China as the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region, sits in a beautiful mountain valley and the city is topped by the world famous Potola Palace. Many important temples and monasteries are in or near Lhasa and the
Since 1959, Tibet has been administered by China as the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region, sits in a beautiful mountain valley and the city is topped by the world famous Potola Palace. Many important temples and monasteries are in or near Lhasa and the city is a beautiful place to visit. Be sure to inspect the wares at Barkor Street while on your way to the Jokhang Temple, regarded as the holiest of Tibetan temples.