Pollution Prevention andGreen ChemistryMaking Our Industries and CommunitiesSafer, Healthier, and More Competitive(I’m ser...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgPollutionPreventionMassachusetts’ ToxicsUse Reduction Act(TURA)Green Chemistryand Design f...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
Toxics – always newsworthy
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org10Evolution of Pollution Laws
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgEnd-of-the-pipe Pollution Control
SourceReductionToxics UseReduction• Energy Conservation• Cleaner Production• ResourceConservationTreatmentRecyclingWaste D...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgReactionaryEnd-of-the-piperemediation4. Prevention3. Recycling2. Treatment1. DisposalAntic...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgToxics Use Reduction Act (TURA)• Users of large amounts of toxics must:– Report toxics use...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTURA – Major aspects• Massachusetts competitiveness• Toxics reduction• Technical analysis•...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgRequired data collection pointsProduction UnitIn-plant treatmentor recyclingByproductRawMa...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgDid We Achieve the Goals?17Total Use Production Adjusted0.0200.0400.0600.0800.019901991199...
TUR Technical Analysis
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Financial Analysis – costs of toxicsMaterial/substancecostWorker protectiveequipmentWo...
TUR Plans – evaluating safer alternativesTechnical Feasibility• Analyze current processes and use oftoxics• Evaluate safer...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Input substitution
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Product Reformulation
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Production Unit RedesignX-ray inspection –ball-grid array
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Modernization
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Improved Operations & Maintenance
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgIntegral in-process recycling
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgToxics Use Reduction Planners• Only professionalsable to certify MATUR Plans• 48-hour inte...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgGreen ChemistryDesign for Environment
What makes a product ‘green’?Framework forSustainable Products
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgAlternatives AssessmentRiskAssessmentBetterSolutionsProblem-based approachDebates delay pr...
Green Screen• Developed by CleanProduction Action• 17 environmental,health and safetycriteriahttp://www.cleanproduction.or...
33CarcinogenicMutagenicReproductiveDevelopmentalEndocrineDisruptionNeurologicalMetabolitesDegradationProductsDecaBDE 1163-...
mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
‘Design for Environment’ Definitions• “…product contains only thoseingredients that pose the least concern[regarding human...
“The DfE program has three priorities:• Energy efficiency - reduce the energy neededto manufacture and use our products• M...
Drivers: LegislationREAChRoHSTURAToSCAEU EnergyCA Appliance EfficiencyMA “Stretch Codes”EnergyToxicsResourceConservationWE...
Drivers: Labeling and Certification
Drivers: Consumer Preference
We cant solve problems byusing the same kind of thinkingwe used when we created them.Albert Einsteinmark.myles@turi.org+1 ...
Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013
Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013
Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013
Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013
Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013
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Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013

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TURI, Toxics Use Reduction Institute

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Mark Myles, TURI, masccc 2013

  1. 1. Pollution Prevention andGreen ChemistryMaking Our Industries and CommunitiesSafer, Healthier, and More Competitive(I’m serious)
  2. 2. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgPollutionPreventionMassachusetts’ ToxicsUse Reduction Act(TURA)Green Chemistryand Design forEnvironmentA little history of toxicsand pollution prevention
  3. 3. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
  4. 4. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
  5. 5. Toxics – always newsworthy
  6. 6. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org10Evolution of Pollution Laws
  7. 7. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgEnd-of-the-pipe Pollution Control
  8. 8. SourceReductionToxics UseReduction• Energy Conservation• Cleaner Production• ResourceConservationTreatmentRecyclingWaste DisposalMinimizationEnergyRecoveryPollution Control = end of pipe remediationPollution Prevention = greater efficiency with less or no toxic materialPollution Preventionvs Pollution Control
  9. 9. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgReactionaryEnd-of-the-piperemediation4. Prevention3. Recycling2. Treatment1. DisposalAnticipatory1. Prevention3. Treatment2. RecyclingSHIFT4. Disposal
  10. 10. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgToxics Use Reduction Act (TURA)• Users of large amounts of toxics must:– Report toxics use– Pay fees– Plan toxics reduction• 2006 Amendments:– Designates higher and lower hazard substances– Resource Conservation Planning – energy, water, materials– Integrates Environmental Management Systems into TURAdopted 1989Effective 1990Expanded 2006
  11. 11. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTURA – Major aspects• Massachusetts competitiveness• Toxics reduction• Technical analysis• Financial analysis• Plans in good faith
  12. 12. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgRequired data collection pointsProduction UnitIn-plant treatmentor recyclingByproductRawMaterialProductEmission
  13. 13. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgDid We Achieve the Goals?17Total Use Production Adjusted0.0200.0400.0600.0800.01990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005YearMillionsofPoundsByproduct0.020.040.060.080.0100.0120.01990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005YearMillionsofPounds
  14. 14. TUR Technical Analysis
  15. 15. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Financial Analysis – costs of toxicsMaterial/substancecostWorker protectiveequipmentWorkerCompensationInsuranceHazardous wastehaulingAir & wateremissionspermittingAir & wateremissionsabatementequipmentRisk protection –accidental spills &discharge‘Soft’ costs –reputation, image,etc.
  16. 16. TUR Plans – evaluating safer alternativesTechnical Feasibility• Analyze current processes and use oftoxics• Evaluate safer alternatives• Choose alternative on technical merits• Employ sound engineering principlesFinancial Viability• Collect information on cost of toxics• Determine changes in cash flows• Apply measures of profitability• Base decisions on accepted accountingpracticeToxics Reduction Methods• Input substitution• Product reformulation• Process redesign or modification• Improve operation & maintenance• In-process recycling
  17. 17. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Input substitution
  18. 18. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Product Reformulation
  19. 19. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Production Unit RedesignX-ray inspection –ball-grid array
  20. 20. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Modernization
  21. 21. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgTUR Improved Operations & Maintenance
  22. 22. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgIntegral in-process recycling
  23. 23. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgToxics Use Reduction Planners• Only professionalsable to certify MATUR Plans• 48-hour intensivecourse• Certified by examTURA 20th Anniversary Video atwww.turi.org“[Becoming a TUR Planner] was awhole new career path….we havenew credibility; people listen to us;we became part of the businessplanning process.”Jack Bailey, TUR Planner, Bose Corp.
  24. 24. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgGreen ChemistryDesign for Environment
  25. 25. What makes a product ‘green’?Framework forSustainable Products
  26. 26. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.orgAlternatives AssessmentRiskAssessmentBetterSolutionsProblem-based approachDebates delay preventionToxicity data limitedRisk shiftingGame nobody winsFocus on solutions &opportunitiesGreater stakeholderparticipationPromotes innovation, enterprisecreationMulti-risk consideration
  27. 27. Green Screen• Developed by CleanProduction Action• 17 environmental,health and safetycriteriahttp://www.cleanproduction.org/library/Green_Screen_Report.pdf
  28. 28. 33CarcinogenicMutagenicReproductiveDevelopmentalEndocrineDisruptionNeurologicalMetabolitesDegradationProductsDecaBDE 1163-19-5 97 M L L M M M L L L nd L L nd L L vH Mpenta-to nona-BDEtri- tonona-BDEPentaBDE 32534-81-9 nd L M M H M L H L L M M nd H H vH vHOctaBDE 32536-52-0 nd L M H M M L H L nd L L nd L L vH M ndlowerPBDEsHuman Health Effects Ecotox. FateChronicPersistenceBioaccumulationBreakdown ProductsDecabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE) - CAS# 1163-19-5Bold text = based on experimental data. Black italics text= based on analog data or expert judgment.BreakdownProductsPriority EffectsAcuteToxicitySystemic/OrganEffectsSensitization(skin)Sensitization(respiratory)Irritation/Corrosion(skin)Irritation/Corrosion(eyes)ImmuneSystemEffectsAcuteChemical CAS#%inFormulationGreen Screen Benchmarking DecaBDE
  29. 29. mark.myles@turi.org www.turi.org
  30. 30. ‘Design for Environment’ Definitions• “…product contains only thoseingredients that pose the least concern[regarding human health andenvironmental effects] among chemicalsin their class.”• “Ecodesign aims at reducing theenvironmental impact of products,including the energy consumptionthroughout their entire life cycle.”
  31. 31. “The DfE program has three priorities:• Energy efficiency - reduce the energy neededto manufacture and use our products• Materials innovation - reduce the amount ofmaterials used in our products and developmaterials that have less environmentalimpact and more value at end-of-life• Design for recyclability - design equipmentthat is easier to upgrade and/or recycle”DfE Definitions
  32. 32. Drivers: LegislationREAChRoHSTURAToSCAEU EnergyCA Appliance EfficiencyMA “Stretch Codes”EnergyToxicsResourceConservationWEEEELVEU EcodesignDirective: all 3
  33. 33. Drivers: Labeling and Certification
  34. 34. Drivers: Consumer Preference
  35. 35. We cant solve problems byusing the same kind of thinkingwe used when we created them.Albert Einsteinmark.myles@turi.org+1 978.934.3298www.turi.org

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