1            PARES, Mariel    SANTOS, Jemimah Joy
2             February 5, 2012RainforestA dense evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 406 centimeters (160...
3               February 5, 2012Types of Rainforest Tropical Rainforest     Temperate Rainforest The best known         ...
4              February 5, 2012Tropical Rainforest an ecosystem type that occurs roughly within the latitudes 28 degrees ...
5
6           February 5, 2012 Characterized   in two words: WARM and  WET Jewels of the Earth World’s Largest Pharmacy ...
7          February 5, 2012Brief HistoryWhen do Tropical Rainforests exist?
8      February 5, 2012Types of TropicalRainforest
9              February 5, 2012Types of Tropical Rainforest Lowland equatorial evergreen rain forests Moist deciduous an...
10            February 5, 20127 Types of Flooded Rainforest    Permanently waterlogged swamp forest    Seasonally waterl...
11   February 5, 2012Forest StructureHow does it structured?
12                  February 5, 2012 Layers of Rainforest Forest Floor Understory Layer Canopy Layer Emergent Layer
13   February 5, 2012Forest Floor
14             February 5, 2012 The lowest level of the rainforest Detritus, duff and O horizon one of the most distinc...
15                  February 5, 2012 Okapi Okapia johnstoni
16                   February 5, 2012 Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis
17         February 5, 2012 Tapir Tapirus
18   February 5, 2012Understory Layer
19             February 5, 2012 liesbetween the canopy and the forest  floor home to a number of birds, small  mammals, ...
20                    February 5, 2012 Leopard Panthera Leopardus
21             February 5, 2012 Poison Dart Frog Dendrobates
22             February 5, 2012 Ring-Tailed Coati Nasua nasua
23          February 5, 2012 Boa Constrictor
24   February 5, 2012Canopy Layer
25             February 5, 2012 primary layer of the forest forming a roof  over the two remaining layers contains the m...
26         February 5, 2012 Orchids
27          February 5, 2012 Yellow-Casqued Wattled Hornbill
28          February 5, 2012 Collared Sunbird
29         February 5, 2012 Congo African Grey Parrot
30   February 5, 2012Emergent Layer
31            February 5, 2012 contains a small number of very large trees, called emergents
32        February 5, 2012 Crowned Eagle
33         February 5, 2012 King Colobus
34            February 5, 2012 Flying Fox
35                 February 5, 2012EcologyClimate, soil, carbon flux, forest succession
36       February 5, 2012Climate “equatorial climate” (characterized by three major climatic  parameters)    Temperatur...
37               February 5, 2012Soils – Soil Types Classification   of soils     Ultisols - well weathered, acidic red ...
38              February 5, 2012Soils – Nutrient Recycling How   does nutrients in soils are recycled?
39            February 5, 2012Soils – Buttress Roots create a wide spread root network at the surface for more efficient ...
40           February 5, 2012Carbon Flux definedas the exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and a sink
41            February 5, 2012Forest Succession an ecological process that changes the biotic community structure over ti...
42   February 5, 2012GEOGRAPHY
43             February 5, 2012South and Central America Amazon    Rainforest Atlantic Forest Central American Atlantic...
44             February 5, 2012Africa Atlantic  Equatorial Coastal Forest Ituri Rainforest Kilum-Ijim Forest Madagasca...
45       February 5, 2012Asia SulawesiLowland Rainforest Borneo Lowland Rainforest Palawan Rainforest Harapan Rainforest
46              February 5, 2012Australasia and Oceania DaintreeRainforest Huon Peninsula Montane Rainforest Hawaiian t...
47   February 5, 2012Major Tropical RainforestsAround the world
48   February 5, 2012
49            February 5, 2012Amazon Rainforest A.k.aAMAZONIA one of the worlds greatest natural resources Climate:  “L...
50   February 5, 2012Plants
51   February 5, 2012Animals
52   February 5, 2012People
53           February 5, 2012Congo River Basin Rainforest Knownas the heart of darkness by Joseph Conrad
54   February 5, 2012Plants
55   February 5, 2012Animals
56   February 5, 2012People
57            February 5, 2012Rainforest of Central America found in coastal Brazil, northern and western South America (...
58   February 5, 2012Plants
59   February 5, 2012Animals
60   February 5, 2012People
61             February 5, 2012Madagascar Rainforest home   to some of the richest rainforests on  Earth. Climate:
62   February 5, 2012Plants
63   February 5, 2012Animals
64   February 5, 2012People
65            February 5, 2012Rainforest of Southeast Asia theoldest, consistent rainforests on Earth, dating back to the...
66   February 5, 2012Plants
67   February 5, 2012Animals
68   February 5, 2012People
69           February 5, 2012Philippine RainforestOne of the Southeast Asian Rainforest
70   February 5, 2012Plants
71   February 5, 2012Animals
72   February 5, 2012People
73                February 5, 2012Biodiversity andSpeciationInterspecific competition hypothesis, Pleistocenerefugia
74            February 5, 2012Interspecific CompetitionHypothesis because   of the high density of species with similar n...
75            February 5, 2012Pleistocene RefugiaA  theory developed by Jürgen Haffer in  1969 To further understand thi...
76              February 5, 2012Human DimensionsHabitation, IndigenousPeople, Resources, Ecosystem Services, Tourism
77            February 5, 2012Habitation Tropical         rainforests are unable to support human life
78                    February 5, 2012 Indigenous People: Pygmy People hunter-gatherer groups living in equatorial rainfor...
79           February 5, 2012ResourcesCultivated foods and spicesYam, Coffee, chocolate, banana, mango,papaya, macadamia, ...
80            February 5, 2012Ecosystem Services Humankind  benefits from a multitude of resources and processes that are...
81            February 5, 2012Tourism anincrease in tourism has increased economic support, allowing more revenue to go i...
82   February 5, 2012CONSERVATIONThreats and Protection
83                February 5, 2012PAST and PRESENTThe rainforests before, how it were slowly gettingdestroyed, and ways to...
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Ecology - Tropical Rainforests

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A Microsoft Powerpoint 2010 presentation about the Tropical Rainforests. I used this in our Ecology class. Feel free to download =)

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Ecology - Tropical Rainforests

  1. 1. 1 PARES, Mariel SANTOS, Jemimah Joy
  2. 2. 2 February 5, 2012RainforestA dense evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 406 centimeters (160 inches).
  3. 3. 3 February 5, 2012Types of Rainforest Tropical Rainforest Temperate Rainforest The best known  coniferous or broa rain forests found in dleaf forests that tropical regions occur in between the the temperate Tropics of cancer zone and receive and Capricorn. high rainfall.
  4. 4. 4 February 5, 2012Tropical Rainforest an ecosystem type that occurs roughly within the latitudes 28 degrees north or south of the equator (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn)
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6 February 5, 2012 Characterized in two words: WARM and WET Jewels of the Earth World’s Largest Pharmacy The MOST threatened ecosystem
  7. 7. 7 February 5, 2012Brief HistoryWhen do Tropical Rainforests exist?
  8. 8. 8 February 5, 2012Types of TropicalRainforest
  9. 9. 9 February 5, 2012Types of Tropical Rainforest Lowland equatorial evergreen rain forests Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen seasonal forests Montane rain forests Flooded forests (w/c has seven types)
  10. 10. 10 February 5, 20127 Types of Flooded Rainforest  Permanently waterlogged swamp forest  Seasonally waterlogged swamp forest  Lower floodplain forest  Middle floodplain forest  Upper floodplain forest  Old floodplain forest  Previous floodplain
  11. 11. 11 February 5, 2012Forest StructureHow does it structured?
  12. 12. 12 February 5, 2012 Layers of Rainforest Forest Floor Understory Layer Canopy Layer Emergent Layer
  13. 13. 13 February 5, 2012Forest Floor
  14. 14. 14 February 5, 2012 The lowest level of the rainforest Detritus, duff and O horizon one of the most distinctive features of a forest ecosystem also teems with a wide variety of fauna and flora one of the richest components of the ecosystem from the standpoint of biodiversity
  15. 15. 15 February 5, 2012 Okapi Okapia johnstoni
  16. 16. 16 February 5, 2012 Sumatran Rhino Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis
  17. 17. 17 February 5, 2012 Tapir Tapirus
  18. 18. 18 February 5, 2012Understory Layer
  19. 19. 19 February 5, 2012 liesbetween the canopy and the forest floor home to a number of birds, small mammals, insects, reptiles, and predators
  20. 20. 20 February 5, 2012 Leopard Panthera Leopardus
  21. 21. 21 February 5, 2012 Poison Dart Frog Dendrobates
  22. 22. 22 February 5, 2012 Ring-Tailed Coati Nasua nasua
  23. 23. 23 February 5, 2012 Boa Constrictor
  24. 24. 24 February 5, 2012Canopy Layer
  25. 25. 25 February 5, 2012 primary layer of the forest forming a roof over the two remaining layers contains the majority of the largest trees The densest areas of biodiversity
  26. 26. 26 February 5, 2012 Orchids
  27. 27. 27 February 5, 2012 Yellow-Casqued Wattled Hornbill
  28. 28. 28 February 5, 2012 Collared Sunbird
  29. 29. 29 February 5, 2012 Congo African Grey Parrot
  30. 30. 30 February 5, 2012Emergent Layer
  31. 31. 31 February 5, 2012 contains a small number of very large trees, called emergents
  32. 32. 32 February 5, 2012 Crowned Eagle
  33. 33. 33 February 5, 2012 King Colobus
  34. 34. 34 February 5, 2012 Flying Fox
  35. 35. 35 February 5, 2012EcologyClimate, soil, carbon flux, forest succession
  36. 36. 36 February 5, 2012Climate “equatorial climate” (characterized by three major climatic parameters)  Temperature  Rainfall  Dry season intensity
  37. 37. 37 February 5, 2012Soils – Soil Types Classification of soils  Ultisols - well weathered, acidic red clay soils  Oxisols - acidic, old, typically reddish, highly weathered and leached
  38. 38. 38 February 5, 2012Soils – Nutrient Recycling How does nutrients in soils are recycled?
  39. 39. 39 February 5, 2012Soils – Buttress Roots create a wide spread root network at the surface for more efficient uptake of nutrients in a very nutrient poor and competitive environment.
  40. 40. 40 February 5, 2012Carbon Flux definedas the exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and a sink
  41. 41. 41 February 5, 2012Forest Succession an ecological process that changes the biotic community structure over time towards a more stable, diverse community structure after an initial disturbance to the community.
  42. 42. 42 February 5, 2012GEOGRAPHY
  43. 43. 43 February 5, 2012South and Central America Amazon Rainforest Atlantic Forest Central American Atlantic Moist Forest
  44. 44. 44 February 5, 2012Africa Atlantic Equatorial Coastal Forest Ituri Rainforest Kilum-Ijim Forest Madagascar lowland forests
  45. 45. 45 February 5, 2012Asia SulawesiLowland Rainforest Borneo Lowland Rainforest Palawan Rainforest Harapan Rainforest
  46. 46. 46 February 5, 2012Australasia and Oceania DaintreeRainforest Huon Peninsula Montane Rainforest Hawaiian tropical rainforests
  47. 47. 47 February 5, 2012Major Tropical RainforestsAround the world
  48. 48. 48 February 5, 2012
  49. 49. 49 February 5, 2012Amazon Rainforest A.k.aAMAZONIA one of the worlds greatest natural resources Climate: “LUNGS OF OUR PLANET”
  50. 50. 50 February 5, 2012Plants
  51. 51. 51 February 5, 2012Animals
  52. 52. 52 February 5, 2012People
  53. 53. 53 February 5, 2012Congo River Basin Rainforest Knownas the heart of darkness by Joseph Conrad
  54. 54. 54 February 5, 2012Plants
  55. 55. 55 February 5, 2012Animals
  56. 56. 56 February 5, 2012People
  57. 57. 57 February 5, 2012Rainforest of Central America found in coastal Brazil, northern and western South America (from Peru to Venezuela), central America (especially Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Belize), southern Mexico, and on some islands in the Caribbean.
  58. 58. 58 February 5, 2012Plants
  59. 59. 59 February 5, 2012Animals
  60. 60. 60 February 5, 2012People
  61. 61. 61 February 5, 2012Madagascar Rainforest home to some of the richest rainforests on Earth. Climate:
  62. 62. 62 February 5, 2012Plants
  63. 63. 63 February 5, 2012Animals
  64. 64. 64 February 5, 2012People
  65. 65. 65 February 5, 2012Rainforest of Southeast Asia theoldest, consistent rainforests on Earth, dating back to the Pleistocene Epoch 70 million years ago.
  66. 66. 66 February 5, 2012Plants
  67. 67. 67 February 5, 2012Animals
  68. 68. 68 February 5, 2012People
  69. 69. 69 February 5, 2012Philippine RainforestOne of the Southeast Asian Rainforest
  70. 70. 70 February 5, 2012Plants
  71. 71. 71 February 5, 2012Animals
  72. 72. 72 February 5, 2012People
  73. 73. 73 February 5, 2012Biodiversity andSpeciationInterspecific competition hypothesis, Pleistocenerefugia
  74. 74. 74 February 5, 2012Interspecific CompetitionHypothesis because of the high density of species with similar niches in the tropics and limited resources available, they must do one of two things: become extinct or find a new niche.
  75. 75. 75 February 5, 2012Pleistocene RefugiaA theory developed by Jürgen Haffer in 1969 To further understand this theory, watch this video of
  76. 76. 76 February 5, 2012Human DimensionsHabitation, IndigenousPeople, Resources, Ecosystem Services, Tourism
  77. 77. 77 February 5, 2012Habitation Tropical rainforests are unable to support human life
  78. 78. 78 February 5, 2012 Indigenous People: Pygmy People hunter-gatherer groups living in equatorial rainforests characterized by their short height
  79. 79. 79 February 5, 2012ResourcesCultivated foods and spicesYam, Coffee, chocolate, banana, mango,papaya, macadamia, avocado, and sugarcane all originally came from tropicalrainforest and are still mostly grown onplantations in regions that were formerlyprimary forest.
  80. 80. 80 February 5, 2012Ecosystem Services Humankind benefits from a multitude of resources and processes that are supplied by natural ecosystems. e.g. Clean Drinking Water
  81. 81. 81 February 5, 2012Tourism anincrease in tourism has increased economic support, allowing more revenue to go into the protection of the habitat. e.g. Ecotours increasepublic appreciation of the environment and to spread awareness of environmental problems when it brings people into closer contact with the environment.
  82. 82. 82 February 5, 2012CONSERVATIONThreats and Protection
  83. 83. 83 February 5, 2012PAST and PRESENTThe rainforests before, how it were slowly gettingdestroyed, and ways to conserve it.
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