“My students don’t seem tounderstand what it means to behave in class!”
“My students seem to be more interested in each other than inwhat goes on in the classroom, so their performance is poor.”
“Success depends less on materials,techniques and linguistic analyses, and more on what goes on inside and between the people in the classroom.” Earl Stevick Teaching Languages: A Way and Ways, 1980
• Prehistoric man lived, learnt, gathered, invented, created, survived through working in groups• Group work is in our DNA• Man is a social animal• A group has more resources than any single one of its members• A group can support its members both materially and psychologically
“It exists when two or more people define themselves as members of it and when its existence is recognised by at least one other.” R. Brown Group Processes: Dynamics Within and Between Groups, 2000.
• General anxiety• Uncertainty about being accepted• Uncertainty about own competence• General lack of confidence• Inferiority• Restricted identity and freedom• Awkwardness• Anxiety about using L2• Anxiety about comprehending
Promoting acceptance• Foster learning about each other• Proximity, contact, integration through activities• Cooperation among individuals• Rewarding experience• Extra-curricular activities• Joint hardship and common threat• Intergroup competition• Teacher role-modeling