Confronting Suburban Poverty in America, Elizabeth Kneebone, Brookings Institute 11-19-13


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Presentation given at MAPC's Confronting Poverty on the North Shore forum, Salem, Mass., November 19, 2013, by Elizabeth Kneeland, Brookings Institute, co-author with Alan Berube of "Confronting Suburban Poverty," (Brookings Press, 2013).

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Confronting Suburban Poverty in America, Elizabeth Kneebone, Brookings Institute 11-19-13

  1. 1. Confronting Suburban Poverty Challenges and Directions for the Boston Region Elizabeth Kneebone Brookings Institution
  2. 2. Today, more of the nation’s poor live in suburbs than in cities 18,000,000 16,000,000 14,000,000 12,000,000 10,000,000 8,000,000 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000,000 1970 1980 1990 Poor Individuals in Suburbs 2000 Poor Individuals in Cities Number in poverty, central cities versus suburbs, 1970-2012. Source: Brookings analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data 2012
  3. 3. Poverty is spreading from older to “mid-century” suburbs 4,885 4,473 4,129 Thousands of poor 2000 3,560 2005-09 2,205 1,656 1,126 793 Older Mature Emerging Suburb Type Exurban
  4. 4. Poverty is suburbanizing due to changing demographics, economics, and consumer preferences Aging Communities Job Sprawl Suburban Poverty Big City Renewal Housing Crash Immigration
  5. 5. Suburban poverty brings added challenges Limited Transportation Options Uneven Philanthropy Strained Local Capacity Schools on the Front Lines
  6. 6. The fragmented system of place-based anti-poverty programs does not always map easily onto the suburban landscape $82 billion 81 federal programs 10 agencies
  7. 7. Yet innovators across the country are finding creative ways to navigate this system
  8. 8. Achieve Scale Neighborhood Centers Inc. • • • Has an annual budget of more than $275 million, 70 different sites, and a staff of over 1,000 Coordinates resources from 35 federal programs, state, local, and private sources to provide a seamless continuum of services Collaborates with other area providers Improve systems and networks Promote high-performance organizations Support smart consolidation
  9. 9. Collaborate and integrate Chicago Southland Housing and Community Development Collaborative • • • Represents 23 municipalities Continues to be supported by regional institutions and local funders Breaks down policy silos Identify and reduce barriers Reward collaborative approaches Catalyze regional capacity
  10. 10. Fund strategically Denver Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Fund • • Partnership between Urban Land Conservancy, Enterprise Community Partners, and City/County of Denver Makes capital available to purchase sites along current and future rails and bus corridors Commit to enterprise-level funding Promote tools that leverage public & private resources Develop consistent, comparable data sources
  11. 11. Creating a Metropolitan Opportunity Challenge could help bring these solutions to scale in regions across the country Federal Place-Based Anti-Poverty Programs $82 Billion; 81 Programs; 10 Agencies Re-purpose 5% : $4 billion
  12. 12. You can read more about the Metropolitan Opportunity Challenge and the contents of the book on our new website
  13. 13. The website provides a host of helpful resources: Profiles of the top 100 metros Tips for taking action Case studies of innovators Video Infographic
  14. 14.