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Parking in Boston
Vineet Gupta
Boston Transportation Department
 Policy Framework
 Current Programs
– Boston Parking Freeze
– Transportation Access Plan Agreements
 New Programs to Ex...
Policy Framework
Convenience
ClimateCost
Residents, Customers, Employees
$350K private
$1.25/hr meter
Commonwealth Avenue
$10/hr $14/2hr garage
Newbury Street
GloucesterStreet
$Free resident perm...
Convenience
Locate parking to meet the
mobility needs of residents such as travel to work, food,
health, education and rec...
Convenience
Provide multiple choices at parking facilities, including
space for car-share services, vanpool and bicycles
D...
Climate
Reduce auto-ownership in conjunction with increasing the
availability of alternative modes of travel
Encourage the...
Cost
Free or low-cost parking in residential permit districts
Parking in commercial districts to support customers and
not...
Cost
Encourage the use of market rates for garage parking in
office buildings
Explore shared or multiple uses for parking ...
Policy Framework
Convenience
ClimateCost
Residents, Customers, Employees
Current
Programs
• Boston Parking Freeze
• Keep overall parking supply low in downtown areas
• Transportation Access Plan ...
Current
Programs
Climate
•
•
• Parking Freeze regulations
• The Air Pollution Control Commission (APCC)
administers parking freezes on off-street p...
 Established in 1973 by the EPA, the Downtown
Freeze caps “public parking” or fee parking at 35,000
 Imposed by DEP in 1...
Current
Programs
Convenience
•
•
• Required for all Article 80 Projects
• Manage parking supply
• Manage TDM program
TAPAs
TAPAs
ARTICLE 80
PROCESS
ADEQUACY
DETERMINATION
OCCUPANCY
TRANSPORTATION
MITIGATION
COMMITMENTS
PROJECT/
ENVIRONMENTAL
NOT...
• Residential:
1 parking space per dwelling unit
• Office / Commercial:
0.75 parking space per 1000 square feet
• Minimum ...
Maximum Parking Ratios by
District
• Alternative mode parking
• Bicycle Parking Ratios
• Required car-share and vanpool parking
• Required electric car charg...
• Onesecure covered bike
space/ dwellingunit
• 0.3spaces for 1,000 sq ft of
office or commercial
• Showers for over 40,000...
• Required inclusion of car-share space
• Required inclusion of electric vehicle
parking at 5% of total spaces
Electric an...
• MASCO Longwood Medical Area
• A Better City Downtown Boston
• Seaport TMA South Boston Waterfront)
• TranSComm Boston Me...
New Programs to Explore
Cost
Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation
District
Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation District
• 329 on-street spaces with sensors
• Seaport Boulevard
• Congress Street
• Summ...
Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation District
• Occupancy
• Congress Street and Seaport
Boulevard over utilized (4 hrs)
• Summ...
Alternative Uses for Parking Spaces
• Choose technology for next
generation of meters
• Accommodate alternative
modes
• Bu...
Policy Framework
Convenience
ClimateCost
Residents, Customers, Employees
Parking in Boston
Vineet Gupta
Boston Transportation Department
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MAPC sPARKing New Ideas Parking Symposium: Presentation by Vineet Gupta

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  • Because… On-Street or Off-Street, that space has value.Parking is Real Estate, But we Subsidize it, Or Give it Away, Or Undervalue It.But what if we let the market determine the cost, look what happens:It becomes some of the Most Valuable Real Estate In Town, like here in Back Bay.
  • Transcript of "MAPC sPARKing New Ideas Parking Symposium: Presentation by Vineet Gupta"

    1. 1. Parking in Boston Vineet Gupta Boston Transportation Department
    2. 2.  Policy Framework  Current Programs – Boston Parking Freeze – Transportation Access Plan Agreements  New Programs to Explore Parking in Boston
    3. 3. Policy Framework Convenience ClimateCost Residents, Customers, Employees
    4. 4. $350K private $1.25/hr meter Commonwealth Avenue $10/hr $14/2hr garage Newbury Street GloucesterStreet $Free resident permit
    5. 5. Convenience Locate parking to meet the mobility needs of residents such as travel to work, food, health, education and recreation related destinations. Make it convenient for residents and customers to find parking either on-street or off-street.
    6. 6. Convenience Provide multiple choices at parking facilities, including space for car-share services, vanpool and bicycles Develop online and app based real-time information on parking availability.
    7. 7. Climate Reduce auto-ownership in conjunction with increasing the availability of alternative modes of travel Encourage the use of clean-fuel and fuel-efficient cars Reduce the number of trips associated with each parking space
    8. 8. Cost Free or low-cost parking in residential permit districts Parking in commercial districts to support customers and not employees
    9. 9. Cost Encourage the use of market rates for garage parking in office buildings Explore shared or multiple uses for parking spaces to encourage alternative modes and during emergencies
    10. 10. Policy Framework Convenience ClimateCost Residents, Customers, Employees
    11. 11. Current Programs • Boston Parking Freeze • Keep overall parking supply low in downtown areas • Transportation Access Plan Agreements (TAPAs) • Implement maximum parking ratios • Implement TDM progams
    12. 12. Current Programs Climate
    13. 13. • • • Parking Freeze regulations • The Air Pollution Control Commission (APCC) administers parking freezes on off-street parking for three areas of Boston: Downtown, South Boston, and East Boston Parking Freeze Districts
    14. 14.  Established in 1973 by the EPA, the Downtown Freeze caps “public parking” or fee parking at 35,000  Imposed by DEP in 1993 the South Boston Freeze caps all parking (except new residential at 1 space/unit) with an additional 3,000 spaces to accommodate development  The East Boston Freeze is administered by Massport to mange airport related parking Parking Freeze Districts
    15. 15. Current Programs Convenience
    16. 16. • • • Required for all Article 80 Projects • Manage parking supply • Manage TDM program TAPAs
    17. 17. TAPAs ARTICLE 80 PROCESS ADEQUACY DETERMINATION OCCUPANCY TRANSPORTATION MITIGATION COMMITMENTS PROJECT/ ENVIRONMENTAL NOTIFICATION FORM DRAFT PROJECT IMPACT REPORT/ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT FINAL PROJECT IMPACT REPORT/ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT TRANSPORTATION ACCESS PLAN AGREEMENT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT PLAN BAPCC PERMIT CONSTRUCTION TAPA / APCC PROCESS Figure 17 – Development Review Process
    18. 18. • Residential: 1 parking space per dwelling unit • Office / Commercial: 0.75 parking space per 1000 square feet • Minimum parking ratios superseded by Article 80 in Boston’s zoning code • New parking ratios for all projects in some zoning districts • Bundling / Unbundling varies Maximum Parking Ratios
    19. 19. Maximum Parking Ratios by District
    20. 20. • Alternative mode parking • Bicycle Parking Ratios • Required car-share and vanpool parking • Required electric car charging stations • Hubway Stations • Management programs • Subsidized MBTA pass programs • Ride-share, guaranteed ride-home, promotion events • Required membership with local TMA • Annual report and on-site transportation coordinator TDM Programs
    21. 21. • Onesecure covered bike space/ dwellingunit • 0.3spaces for 1,000 sq ft of office or commercial • Showers for over 40,000 sq ft Bicycle Parking
    22. 22. • Required inclusion of car-share space • Required inclusion of electric vehicle parking at 5% of total spaces Electric and Car-Share Parking
    23. 23. • MASCO Longwood Medical Area • A Better City Downtown Boston • Seaport TMA South Boston Waterfront) • TranSComm Boston Medical Center-South End) TMA Colloboration
    24. 24. New Programs to Explore Cost
    25. 25. Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation District
    26. 26. Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation District • 329 on-street spaces with sensors • Seaport Boulevard • Congress Street • Summer Street • Streetline real-time information • Smartphone app • Widget for local business websites • Extensive occupancy data
    27. 27. Smart Parking Pilot – Innovation District • Occupancy • Congress Street and Seaport Boulevard over utilized (4 hrs) • Summer Street underutilized (2 hrs) • In 2014 • Surveys • Promotion of app • Variable times and pricing ???
    28. 28. Alternative Uses for Parking Spaces • Choose technology for next generation of meters • Accommodate alternative modes • Bus lane on Essex Street • Bike lane on Mass Ave • Hubway and Scooter parking • Create more public space • Parklets • Plazas, Curb extensions
    29. 29. Policy Framework Convenience ClimateCost Residents, Customers, Employees
    30. 30. Parking in Boston Vineet Gupta Boston Transportation Department
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