Mushrooms

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Mushrooms

  1. 1. Russula Emetica Photos and information’s Click to continue
  2. 2. Mushrooms <ul><li>Mushrooms are fungus  consisting of   a numerous group  of organisms, the second in species number  in the planet, after  the insects and constitute one from the five kingdoms. The mushrooms  lack chlorophylle and they are unable to  compose organic compounds. They are heterotrophic  organisms and take the essential organic compounds from live or dead organisms. What most of us call mushroom, is the  the visible part of the organism, the carposome ,which is found  above the surface of the substrate.The body of fungus (thallus) is found  in or on the substrate. Thallus is consisted of branching trhreadlike  tubes,the mycelium hyphae, which are largely invisible to the naked eye and they  produce the carposomes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. THEIR ROLE IN THE ECOSYSTEM <ul><li>The ways in which  mushrooms conserve  energy, are particularly important for the economy of nature. Their role in the balance of the coal circle and inorganic salts is considered indispensable. Their  participation in the split of cellulose and xylin is considered particularly important. Secreting  the suitable ferments, the mushrooms, split the complicated organic compounds  in simple elements. If the mushrooms and the bacteria did not exist,  to decompose the leaves that fall  during  autumn, forests would disappear by the piles of leaves. Our planet  would also be in danger of becoming an immense cemetery of animals and plants. </li></ul>Russula brunneoviolacea
  4. 4. GROWTH CONDITIONS <ul><li>Theoretically, ideal conditions for most of the mushrooms to grow are those that combine relatively high humidity in substrate and atmosphere, with small deviations between maximun and minimal temperatures. In Greece such climatic conditions are observed mainly in fall. Ideal conditions for the growth  of edible mushrooms are the rainy summers. </li></ul>Tremiscus Helvelloides
  5. 5. THE COLLECTION <ul><li>An interesting pastime for forest lovers is the mushroom hunting, the recording, the photographing and the identification of the species. However the collection of the  tasty edible mushrooms is the most  fascinating part of the whole process. It is  also an  occasion for movement,  observation and a  contact with the thousands forms of life that exist in the forest. The collection of mushrooms is a relaxing and reviving  process , which is also an escape from the monotonous  everyday routine.The  essential equipment for a collector is a penknife and a basket. The basket allows  mushrooms to breathe and simultaneously  protects them  from  pulping, contrary to the plastic bag which accelerates  decay. </li></ul>
  6. 6. INSTRUCTIONS ON CUTTING THE MUSHROOMS <ul><li>First of all we cut the mushroom in the base of the stem. The section of  the base shows if  the remainder carposome is intact or if it has been infected by insects. Secondly we cut the stem in slices progressively, until we reach to a  point where there are no holes ,something that indicates that insects did no harm. In case  the insects have harmed  the entire stem and have reached  the cap, we remove the centre of the cap with a knife. Finally if  we see that the damage is extensive  , we search for the next mushroom. In every case we only keep carposomes that are found in good condition. Fresh and with cohesive flesh.We reject rotten, dry, dehydrated,watery, frozen and  those we find cut and  uprooted. </li></ul>Ganoderma licidum
  7. 7. EDIBLE MUSHROOMS <ul><li>The wild, mushrooms are considered ideal food and the value of certain species has exceeded by far  the price of black caviar. Apart from their  exceptional flavour and their unique scent, they lack chemical fertilizers, hormones and pesticides. Moreover, they are also considered a suitable slimming diet, because  they contain fibrillous substances  (cellulose and mykochitini) in important percentage 0,8- 7%), minimal fat (0,2-0,5%) and few sugars (1-1,5%). Generally mushrooms contain water in big percentage (80-90% roughly), proteins (1,5- 5,5%), metal salts and trace elements (0,5- 1,5%), vitamins and ferments. Moreover many  species of mushrooms have  therapeutic attributes. </li></ul>Morchella conica
  8. 8. DEADLY MUSHROOMS/ poisonous species <ul><li>The most dangerous poisoning that is caused by mushrooms is falloeidiki that offends mainly the liver. This poisoning is responsible for the biggest percentage of deaths from mushrooms in Europe. The symptoms of poisoning occur  after 6-24 hours. Intense diarrhoea, vomiting and cold sweat cause dehydration of  the organism. Strong abdominal pains, the intense sense of thirst and the production of minimal quantity of urine, supplement the list of symptoms, that  probably last  two days. Usually the third day they subside temporarily and come back more intensely. Ikteros, , insufficiency of liver, damage of heart, kidneys and central nervous system, leading to lethargies and finally, at the fifth day, to death. In case of  poisoning we should take  the victim as soon as possible  in a well equipped hospital. If other individuals ate, from the mushrooms that caused the poisoning they should also be taken to  hospital, even if the first symptoms haven’t occurred yet. We should always bear in mind that the  consumption of 50 gr. of mushroom is enough to cause death. </li></ul>Agaricus albertii
  9. 9. ATTENTION <ul><li>It is difficult to identify a safe mushroom without proper training, that’s why we should  only gather  the species , with the characteristics we know with absolute certainty. </li></ul>Amanita muscaria
  10. 10. Amanita muscaria
  11. 11. Amanita Muscaria
  12. 12. Amanita phalloides
  13. 13. Amanita pantherina
  14. 14. Hypholoma fasciculare
  15. 15. Amanita rubescens
  16. 16. Amanita Phalloides
  17. 17. Amanita Muscaria
  18. 18. Amanita pantherina
  19. 19. Amanita rubescens
  20. 20. Ramaria_botritis
  21. 21. Trametes Versicolor
  22. 22. Trametes Versicolor
  23. 29. Russula maculata
  24. 30. Pleurotus Ostreatus
  25. 31. Pleurotus ostreatus
  26. 32. Pholiota_aurivella
  27. 33. Oudemansiella mucida
  28. 34. Oudemansiella mucida
  29. 35. Macrolepiota Procera
  30. 36. Lycoperdon_perlatum
  31. 37. Lepiota rhacodes
  32. 38. Langermania gigantea
  33. 39. Lactarius deliciosus
  34. 40. Hygrophorus coccineus
  35. 41. Boletus Calopus
  36. 42. Boletus Edulis
  37. 43. Calocera viscosa
  38. 44. Calvatia excipuliformis
  39. 45. Cantharellus Cibarius
  40. 46. Clavaria
  41. 47. Clitocybe odora
  42. 48. Clytocybe geotropa
  43. 49. Coprinus_comatus
  44. 50. Geastrum sessile
  45. 51. Agaricus arvensis
  46. 52. Cantharellus cibarius
  47. 53. Boletus pinophilus
  48. 57. COPYRIGHTS TO ALL PHOTOS AND MUSIC BELONG TO THE ORIGINAL AUTHORS. You Can Keep Listening To The Music Or Press ‘Esc’ To Exit

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