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Crime and Justice

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Chris Bisset gives a session on Crime and Justice.

Chris Bisset gives a session on Crime and Justice.

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Crime and Justice
    Chris Bisset
  • 2. discretion
    Where are the discretion points in the criminal justice system?
  • Debates
    Accountability vs. Efficiency
    Public Participation vs expertise
    Sanctions
    Victim vs Society
    Fear
  • 9. The police
    Community Policing
    Zero Tolerance
    Problem-orientated policing
    Over-policing vsunder policing
    Corruption
    Discretion
  • 10. ELECTIONS vs appointment
    All have same elements:
    Look at faults of elections
    Role of the public in participating
    Role of Victims in participation
  • 11. Public Prosecutors
    Elect them or Appoint them?
    Accountability
    Performance
    Selection
  • 12. Judges
    Elect them?
  • 13. juries
    Arguments Against
    • Juries are incapable of understanding complex technical information
    • 14. The rule of law should guide judicial decisions
    • 15. Juries contain biases and are not truly representative
    • 16. Juries slow the justice system
    Arguments For
    • Provides legitimacy to decisions
    • 17. Allows for unbiased assessment of questions of fact
    • 18. Allows for a check on state power exercised through the legislature
    • 19. Gives the law a moral code
  • Sanctions
    Aspirations: DRDRP
    Purposes: Reduce crime and be fair
    Fairness vs. Reducing crime
    Short Term protection vs. Long term
    Average perspective vs. informed perspective
  • 20. Why are victim’s important in debates
    • Double Victimisation
    • 21. Willingness to report
    • 22. Vigilantism
  • Compelling participation in trials
    Why might someone chose not to press charges?
    Good?
    Bad?
  • 23. Attitudes to criminal justice
    • Broadcast and tabloid media provide the major source of information for most members of the public about crime and justice. Almost 80 percent of respondents rate TV, radio and newspapers as fairly or very important sources of information.
    • The proportion of Australians who agree that stiffer sentences are needed has gradually declined from a peak of 84.8 percent in 1987 to 71.7 percent in 2007.
    • 24. The majority of Australians have little or no confidence in the prison system to rehabilitate prisoners (87.7%), as a form of punishment (59.2%), in deterring future offending (84.7%) or in teaching prisoners skills (63.8%).
    • 25. The desire for harsher sentences was significantly positively associated with the self-rated importance of television and radio, for informing views of crime. The relationship between desire for stiffer sentences and beliefs about crime trends over the past two years was also examined using Spearman’s rho correlations. The desire for stiffer sentences was significantly positively associated with beliefs that crime was increasing (rho=.35, p<.001) and perceptions of the number of crimes reported to the police that involved violence (rho=.30, p<.001).
  • fear
    Of zombies