The symbols and traditions of christmas

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Presentation teaces students about Christmas traditions and symbols

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The symbols and traditions of christmas

  1. 1. The Symbols andThe Symbols and Traditions of ChristmasTraditions of Christmas
  2. 2. The Date of ChristmasThe Date of Christmas The idea to celebrate Christmas onThe idea to celebrate Christmas on December 25 originated in the 4thDecember 25 originated in the 4th century. The Romans celebratedcentury. The Romans celebrated the birthday of their sun god,the birthday of their sun god, Mithras during this time of year.Mithras during this time of year. Church leaders decided toChurch leaders decided to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christcelebrate the birth of Jesus Christ on this date. But it was slow toon this date. But it was slow to catch on in America. Thecatch on in America. The celebration of Christmas was evencelebration of Christmas was even banned by law in Massachusetts inbanned by law in Massachusetts in colonial days.colonial days.
  3. 3. MistletoeMistletoe The vines and berries ofThe vines and berries of mistletoe were sacred to themistletoe were sacred to the ancient Druids who used them inancient Druids who used them in their sacrifices to the gods astheir sacrifices to the gods as well as to celebrate the winterwell as to celebrate the winter solstice.solstice. The mistletoe, which was alsoThe mistletoe, which was also believed to have miraculousbelieved to have miraculous healing powers, was placed overhealing powers, was placed over doorways to ward off evil anddoorways to ward off evil and bestow health, happiness, andbestow health, happiness, and good luck.good luck.
  4. 4. Wreaths of Holly and BerriesWreaths of Holly and Berries Druids once believed that holly,Druids once believed that holly, with its shiny leaves and redwith its shiny leaves and red berries stayed green in winter toberries stayed green in winter to keep the Earth beautiful when thekeep the Earth beautiful when the sacred Oak lost its leaves.sacred Oak lost its leaves. Holly in Christianity, serves as aHolly in Christianity, serves as a reminder of the crown of thornsreminder of the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ at hisworn by Jesus Christ at his crucifixion.crucifixion.
  5. 5. PoinsettiasPoinsettias Poinsettias are native to Mexico.Poinsettias are native to Mexico. They were named afterThey were named after America's first ambassador toAmerica's first ambassador to Mexico, Joel Poinsett. He broughtMexico, Joel Poinsett. He brought the plants to America in 1828.the plants to America in 1828. The Mexicans in the eighteenthThe Mexicans in the eighteenth century thought the plants werecentury thought the plants were symbolic of the Star ofsymbolic of the Star of Bethlehem. Thus the PoinsettiaBethlehem. Thus the Poinsettia became associated with thebecame associated with the Christmas season.Christmas season.
  6. 6. The Christmas TreeThe Christmas Tree The Christmas Tree originated inThe Christmas Tree originated in Germany in the 16th century. It isGermany in the 16th century. It is believed that Martin Lutherwas thebelieved that Martin Lutherwas the first to light a Christmas tree withfirst to light a Christmas tree with candles. While coming home one darkcandles. While coming home one dark winter's night near Christmas, he waswinter's night near Christmas, he was struck with the beauty of thestruck with the beauty of the starlight shining through the branchesstarlight shining through the branches of a small fir tree outside his home.of a small fir tree outside his home. He duplicated the starlight by usingHe duplicated the starlight by using candles attached to the branches ofcandles attached to the branches of his indoor Christmas tree.his indoor Christmas tree.
  7. 7. The Candy CaneThe Candy Cane The most obvious symbolism used inThe most obvious symbolism used in the candy cane is its shape.the candy cane is its shape. Turned one way, it looks like a "J"Turned one way, it looks like a "J" for Jesus.for Jesus. Turned the other way, candy canesTurned the other way, candy canes remind us of the shepherd's staff.remind us of the shepherd's staff. Some say the 3 small stripes honorSome say the 3 small stripes honor the Holy Trinity, while the largerthe Holy Trinity, while the larger stripe reminds us of the One Truestripe reminds us of the One True God.God.
  8. 8. Santa ClausSanta Claus The original Santa Claus, St.The original Santa Claus, St. Nicholaus was born in 4th centuryNicholaus was born in 4th century Turkey. He was a devoted Christian.Turkey. He was a devoted Christian. He was known for his generosity andHe was known for his generosity and for his love of children. He is thefor his love of children. He is the patron saint of sailors and children.patron saint of sailors and children. In 16th century Holland, DutchIn 16th century Holland, Dutch children would place their woodenchildren would place their wooden shoes by the hearts in hopes thatshoes by the hearts in hopes that they would be filled with a treat. Inthey would be filled with a treat. In 1822, Clement C. Moore composed his1822, Clement C. Moore composed his famous poem, "A Visit from St.famous poem, "A Visit from St. Nicholas," which was later publishedNicholas," which was later published as "The Night Before Christmas."as "The Night Before Christmas."
  9. 9. Использованные ресурсы:Использованные ресурсы: • http://wilstar.com/xmas/xmassymb.htm • http://www.squidoo.com/christmas_symbols • http://www.c1c1.com/Christmas/Christmas-Symbols.html • http://moonlyra.mindmix.ru/241-271-simvoly-rozhdestva.zhtml • http://www.coolholidaygraphics.com/christmas/ • http://www.woodlandsjunior.kent.sch.uk/customs/Xmas/day.html
  10. 10. Презентацию подготовила Афанасенкова Людмила МихайловнаАфанасенкова Людмила Михайловна, учитель английского языка МБОУ «СОШ № 32» г.Норильск 2011

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