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Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
Adolf.Hitler.Interwar
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Adolf.Hitler.Interwar

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Transcript

  • 1. The Interwar Period and the Rise of Adolph Hitler
  • 2. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations Payments </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial Losses </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Re-establishment of Poland </li></ul>
  • 3. “ Hands off German homeland!” Postcards Title: “Lost but not forgotten land” Poem:   You must carve in your heart   These words, as in stone -    What we have lost    Will be regained!
  • 4. Fascism and Adolf Hitler I. German Dissatisfaction with Versailles Treaty <ul><li>War guilt clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial losses </li></ul>
  • 5. Polish Corridor Europe: 1919-1938 Rhineland Alsace-Lorraine
  • 6. 1871: Franco-Prussian War The Hall of Mirrors at Versailles <ul><li>1871, Franco-Prussian War, Alsace-Lorraine </li></ul>
  • 7. Czechoslovakia and Sudetenland Ethnic Distribution in Austria-Hungary (1911) German Czech
  • 8. II. Weimar Republic (1919-1933) Fascism and Adolf Hitler <ul><li>“ Stab-in-the-Back” theory </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Reichstag (e.g. 40 political parties) </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to the Versailles Treaty </li></ul>
  • 9. Inflation
  • 10. Inflation 1914: 10 Pfennig = ½ dozen eggs 1920: 1 Mark = ½ dozen eggs 1921: 3 Mark = ½ dozen eggs Jan. 1923: 250 Marks = ½ dozen eggs Sept. 1923: 15 Million Marks = ½ dozen eggs Oct. 1923: 2 Billion Marks = ½ dozen eggs 1923: Ruhr Crisis
  • 11. Hitler and the Nazis <ul><li>Beer Hall Putsch, 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf (1925): lebensraum (“living space”), propaganda, anti-semitism </li></ul>
  • 12. Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945 The Murky Family History of Adolph Hitler
  • 13. Hitler, Munich: August, 1914 Social Darwinism
  • 14. Hitler and World War I Romanticize, Nostalgia
  • 15. Hitler After WWI 1919: Hitler infiltrates German Worker’s Party 1920: Hitler leaves military 1921: Hitler = F ü hrer of National Socialist German Worker’s (Nazi) Party 1923-1924: Beer Hall Putsch/Prison 1930: Great Depression; Nazi representation Reichstag 2.6 -&gt;18.3%
  • 16. Geli Raubal Scandal ( 1931 ) Hitler becomes a vegetarian. Phobias: Dirt, Germs, Death Insomniac, hypochondriac
  • 17. Hitler v. von Hindenburg (1932) 1847-1934 1933: Hitler becomes chancellor
  • 18. Reichstag Fire (February, 1933) Reichstag Fire Decree : Articles 114, 115, 117, 118, 123, 124 and 153 of the Constitution of the German Reich are suspended until further notice. It is therefore permissible to restrict the rights of personal freedom, freedom of opinion, including the freedom of the press, the freedom to organize and assemble, the privacy of postal, telegraphic and telephonic communications, and warrants for house searches, orders for confiscations as well as restrictions on property, are also permissible beyond the legal limits otherwise prescribed. March, 1933 Elections: Nazi Party = 43.9%/Reichstag
  • 19. Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934) 85+ executed, thousands arrested SS (“protective squadron”) v. SA (“storm battalion”)
  • 20. Establishment of the Third Reich (August, 1934)
  • 21. Hitler Rebuilds Germany Economically <ul><li>Government Spending </li></ul><ul><li>Public works (bridges, dams, highways, railroads etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment Reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Armaments </li></ul><ul><li>Cross of Honor of the German Mother </li></ul>
  • 22. Hitler Reconstructs Germany Socially Degenerate Art Exhibition (1937)
  • 23. Otto Dix, “Mealtime in the Trenches (1923/24)
  • 24. Pablo Picasso, “Guernica” (1937)
  • 25. Helmut Herzfeld, “Hurrah, die Butter ist alle!” [Hurray, the butter is finished!] (1935)
  • 26. “ Degenerate Music” (1937)
  • 27. Marcel Duchamp, “Nude Descending a Staircase” (1912)
  • 28. Visitors at the Degenerate Art exhibition
  • 29. Visitors at the Great German Art exhibition
  • 30. &nbsp;

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