Mesopotamia P.S.R.

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Mesopotamia P.S.R.

  1. 1. Politics • Mesopotamia was made up of many small independent city-states. • Each city-state had its own government, laws, army, and more. • Each city-state had a monarchy for a government. Kings were believed to be chosen by the gods.
  2. 2. Politics • All the city-states in southern Mesopotamia are part of Sumeria; common culture. • City-states often would fight with each other to control natural resources and trade routes.
  3. 3. Politics • Akkadians lived in northern part of Mesopotamia. They were very similar to the Sumerians, but they spoke a different language. • The Akkadian king, Sargon I, conquered Sumeria. When one group of people (culture) conquers another, then they create an empire. Sargon I created the world’s first empire.
  4. 4. Hammurabi’s Code • A government keeps the peace, creates order in a community (just like a teacher in a classroom). • Hammurabi was the king of Babylon (a city in Sumeria). • Hammurabi created a set of laws that were written down.
  5. 5. Social Order • Specialization can refer to different jobs people become experts in (specialize). • Because people specialize in different jobs, some jobs are considered more important than others. This is how social classes are formed.
  6. 6. Mesopotamian Social Order Copy this beautiful pyramid!
  7. 7. Religion • Mesopotamians were polytheistic, meaning they believed in more than one god. • They built massive temples called ziggurats to please their gods and goddesses. • Since the king was chosen by the gods, he also served as a priest in the ziggurat to offer sacrifices.
  8. 8. Religion • The gods often reflected the natural world in some way. - Anu: god of the heavens (stars) -Enlil: god of the wind -Enki: god of water -Ninhursag: mother of the gods • If the gods were pleased then the natural world worked correctly and people were happy and safe.

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