Medieval Europe Lesson 2 - Manorialism

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Medieval Europe Lesson 2 - Manorialism

  1. 1. Warm-Up B2 Answer the 2 questions in the first concept column - Feudalism.
  2. 2. Economics Manorialism What is the manor system? • An economic system of obligations (promises) that govern the relationships between lords and peasants (serfs) in medieval Europe. • The manor system is about who works the land, and how the fruit of that labor is divided up.
  3. 3. Economics A manor on the fief What is a fief? What is a manor? • When a lord gave something to a vassal it was often called a fief. A fief was usually a piece of land that the vassal would become responsible for. • This fief would have a manor on it. A manor is a self-sustaining community.
  4. 4. Economics Trade What was feudalism and manorialism a response to? What was trade like during the early part of Medieval Europe. • Remember, feudalism was a political solution to the dangerous conditions in Western Europe. • Manorialism was the economic response to that danger. • Trade was far to dangerous; communities could not trust that trade would ever make it to them. As a result, communities had to produce everything they needed. A manor served this function.
  5. 5. Economics Serfs What did a serf receive from the lord? What was the serf required to do with some of the produce from their lands? • Serfs were given small parcels of land to grow crops for their family and to sell – but the land still belonged to the lord, so they could not sell it. • Some of this produce also had to be paid to the lord of the land as taxes. Also, if a serf wanted to use any of the lords resources (like a mill for grinding grain) then they would pay a fee with some of their produce.
  6. 6. Economics Produce Before a serf could work their own land, what did the serf have to do? What would a serf have to do if they wanted to leave the manor? • Before a serf was able to work in their fields, they were required to work the fields that belonged only to the lord. • Everything that grows on the lord’s fields goes to the lord. The serf is not allowed to keep anything they grow on that land. • A serf was tied to the land. Even though a serf was considered a free person, they needed to receive the lords permission to leave the manor.
  7. 7. Economics The Lords What did the lord do on the manor? What did many lords and vassals train to be? • Serfs did most of the work on the manor, which freed up much of the lord’s time. • The lord spent most of their time protecting the land and providing justice. • Lords and vassals were also free to train and become professional warriors called knights.
  8. 8. I, John of Toul, make known that I am the liege man of the [count and countess of Champagne].... I will aid the count of Champagne in my own person, and will send to the count and countess of Champagne the knights whose service l owe to them for the fief which I hold of them....")
  9. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is a fief? What is a manor? What was feudalism and manorialism a response to? What was trade like during the early part of Medieval Europe. What did a serf receive from the lord? What was the serf required to do with some of the produce from their lands? Before a serf could work their own land, what did the serf have to do? What would a serf have to do if they wanted to leave the manor? What did the lord do on the manor? What did many lords and vassals train to be?

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