Medieval Europe Lesson 1 - Feudal System

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  • 1. Warm-Up B2 Create a frayer model on the back side of your warm-up using one of the 6 vocabulary words in the first concept column.
  • 2. Background/ Context • After the fall of the Western What happened to Western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire? The Carolingian Empire was seen as a rebuilding of the Western Roman empire. What happened to the Carolingian Empire? Roman Empire, Western Europe was divided and weak. • A Frankish king, Charles the Great (Charlemagne) built a new empire in Western Europe (the Carolingian Empire), but it too would collapse; leaving Western Europe unprotected and without any real leadership/government.
  • 3. Background/ Context • Western Europe was constantly Who constantly raided and invaded Western Europe? Why did feudalism begin in Western Europe? invaded by Vikings from the North, Muslims from the South, and Magyars from the East. • Without any real political organization to provide security, people began to united locally in small groups to defend themselves. • This was the reason for the beginning of the Feudal System in Western Europe.
  • 4. Political Feudal System What is feudalism? What was the main focus of the feudal system? • Feudalism is a system of obligations (promises) that govern the relationships between the lords and vassals in medieval Europe. • The primary concern of Feudalism was land and people (protection / loyalty).
  • 5. Political Feudal System What did a lord give to his vassals? What did vassals give to their lord? • A lord needed people to help protect his lands from Vikings and other invaders. • A lord would allow a vassal to use some of the lord’s lands (to work and manage) and promised to protect them. • In return, the vassal promised to be loyal and serve (protect) the lord.
  • 6. Political Origin of Feudalism Where in Western Europe did feudalism first begin? • Feudalism first began in Western Europe in the areas of France, England and the Low Countries (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg)
  • 7. Political Spread of Feudalism What did William the Conqueror do? Other than where it began, where would feudalism eventually spread to? • William the Conqueror is given credit for the spread of feudalism from France to England. • Eventually it would spread to other areas like Spain, Eastern Europe, and Russia
  • 8. Political The Evolution of Feudalism What does it mean for something to centralize? How do these feudal states begin to centralize? • As feudalism spread, it began to centralize (meaning power increased at the top of the social order – Kings > Lords.) • This focusing of power in a central place happened through the relationships that were being made between lords and the king, as well as, by military power.
  • 9. Political The Evolution of Feudalism What did feudalism begin to turn into? Why does feudalism eventually lead to nationstates? • As feudalism in a particular region became more and more centralized, it would eventually become a nation-state. • Feudalism concerned itself with land and people (and NOT a city), when these areas became a more centralized state, it saw itself as a land and people rather than just a city.
  • 10. Social Order The Pope (leader of the Catholic Church) In Medieval Europe 1. Kings What was the social order of Medieval Europe? / 2. Lords / 3. Vassals / 4. Serfs / Secular / Archbishops Bishops Priests Lay people Religious
  • 11. 1. What happened to Western Europe after the fall of the Western Roman Empire and Carolingian Empire? 2. Who constantly raided and invaded Western Europe? 3. Why did feudalism begin in Western Europe? 4. What was the main focus of the feudal system? 5. What did lords and vassals provide each other? 6. Where in Western Europe did feudalism first begin? 7. Other than where it began, where would feudalism eventually spread to? 8. How do these feudal states begin to centralize? 9. Why does feudalism eventually lead to nation-states? 10. What was the social order of Medieval Europe?