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  • 1. WARM-UP (B1-B2) If YOU were there … As a farmer in ancient Greece, your way of life depends on events in nature. The crops you grow need sunshine and rain, though thunder and lightning scare you. When you look up at the night sky, you wonder about the twinkling lights you see there. You know that at certain times of the year, the weather will turn cold and gray and plants will die. Then, a few months later, green plants will grow again. How might you explain these natural events? Consider what you KNOW: • the changing weather and seasons • what you see in the heavens • natural disasters that you fear • the people around you Consider what you DON’T KNOW: • modern science, such as knowledge of astronomy and meteorology
  • 2. Politics What was the most important political organization in ancient Greece? How is the Polis more than a city? • The Polis was the most important political organization in ancient Greece. • The Polis was really more than just a city, but a people participating in the city’s political activities.
  • 3. Politics • The Agora was a large open area inside a Polis that functioned as a market and meeting place. What happened in the Agora? • Many activities essential to the polis were performed in the Agora.
  • 4. Politics • Many Poleis had an acropolis at its center. • An acropolis was a fortress at the top of a very large hill. What was the purpose of the Acropolis? • The acropolis provided the Polis a defense against enemies.
  • 5. Social Order • Citizenship, is status in society that gives the right to participate in government. How could someone be come a citizen? • You could only have citizenship if you were born in a Polis and had citizen parents.
  • 6. Social Order What would life be like for a Greek living in a different polis? Describe what it was like to be a woman in ancient Greece. • A Greek foreigner (who has citizenship in another polis) could never become a citizen, but could enjoy full legal rights without political rights. • Women and underage children were citizens. They had full legal rights through a male relative, but no political rights. • Women could not own property; and should not go about in the public (no agora).
  • 7. Social Order Could slaves be citizens? Did slaves have any rights? • Slaves had no citizenship. They were considered the personal property of their owner. • No rights or privileges other than what their owner would give (or take) at will.
  • 8. Religion Describe what type of religion the Greeks believed in. How were the gods pleased? • Greek religion was polytheistic. • To keep the gods happy, they built great temples and practiced sacrifices.
  • 9. Religion • Ancient Greeks told many myths about the adventures of gods great heroes. What is the purpose of a myth? • Mythology is a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works; ex. earthquakes or seasons.
  • 10. Choose 4 out of the 9 questions 1. What was the most important political organization in ancient Greece? 2. How is the Polis more than a city? 3. What happened in the Agora? 4. How could someone be come a citizen? 5. What would life be like for a Greek living in a different polis? 6. Describe what it was like to be a woman in ancient Greece. 7. Did slaves have any rights? 8. Describe what type of religion the Greeks believed in. 9. What is the purpose of a myth?